Destination Fortaleza, capital of the state of Ceará.
Episode 11. Theater named after the famous dramatist, politician and writer José de Alencar.
José de Alencar
One of our most interesting destinations in Fortaleza was the famous theater that was named after one of the most famous Brazilian Romanticists, José de Alencar. José Martiniano de Alencar (1829 tot 1877) was journalist, politician, dramatist, theater critic, and above all writer. He write important works about Brazilian life and culture; famous is the trilogy about indians. ‘O Guarani’ is the most widely known volume of that trilogy. See this website for more information about his life and works.
In 1910, the theater was officially inaugurated; the fundamental stone was laid in 1896. The original project was not realized, since a law was required to complete the construction of the theater. The building is another example of the eclectic architecture style, in which earlier architectural styles are interwoven with each other. The theater room is decorated in Art Nouveau style. The wrought iron that was used for the original theater building, was imported from Scotland. Obviously the facade of the theater is not visible from the street. The ‘front building’ was completed in 1990 only. The theater is not freely accessible for visitors; regularly, there are rehearsals and the rooms are locked then. Nevertheless, we were allowed to enter the courtyard, from where we could take pictures of the facade of the theater. This website shows the rooms of the theater. Besides the theater (with a capacity of 764 visitors), the theater complex has a theater garden, which was designed by the famous landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx, who also had designed the gardens of the Pampulha architectonic complex in Belo Horizonte.
Book about the theater
Documentary Brazilian Ministry of Culture
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom
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