Historical center of São Luís (III)
Destination São Luís, capital of the state of Maranhão.
A walk through the historical center of São Luís: 3. Igreja de Santo Antônio.
Two previous episodes described Igreja do Desterro, Bar Antigamente, Teatro Artur Azevedo, Igreja e Convento do Carmo and Igreja da Nossa Senhora do Rosário dos Pretos. Below, Igreja de Santo Antônio is described.
A large square is located in the middle of the historical center in São Luís. A neatly kept square, with benches and recently pruned trees. In the heart of this square was the bust of writer Antônio Lobo (1870-1916), who founded the Academy of Literature in Maranhão on 10 August 1908. At the age of 46, he committed suicide. I encountered a pair of black shoes on the square. It was weird that the shoes were pointing in the direction of the Middle East. There was no one else on this square. At the other side of the square was no mosque, but there was a Catholic church, which was painted in yellow. The church was built according to the typical Manuel style, which is also found in Portugal. The square towers were quite obvious, as well were the Gothic windows.
The church-cloister complex, the second oldest in São Luís, was constructed in 1624, six year after the construction of Igreja do Desterro. It was the Portuguese father, Frei Cristovam de Lisboa, who ordered the construction. He had arrived in Brazil in the same year, together with thirteen Franciscan monks. The church was built much later. in 1860, and was inagurated seven years later. Igreja de Santo Antônio had a turbulent history: father Antônio de Vieira took part in it. It was inside this church where he wrote one of his masterpieces: Santo Antônio dos Peixes. The father was eventually expelled from Brazil, since he fiercely opposed slavery of indians by the colonists. Fathers of the Santo Antônio Convent once had opened a lawsuit against a group of ants that were encountered inside the church. I did not discover what was the verdict of the judge….
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom
- Travel in Brazil: MARANHÃO (25). Historical Center of São Luís (II) (insiderbrazil.wordpress.com)
- Travel in Brazil: MARANHÃO (24). Historical Center of São Luís (I) (insiderbrazil.wordpress.com)
- Travel in Brazil: MARANHÃO (23). Igreja da Sé Nossa Senhora da Vitória, São Luís (insiderbrazil.wordpress.com)
- Travel in Brazil: MARANHÃO (22). Markets in São Luís (insiderbrazil.wordpress.com)
- Travel in Brazil: MARANHÃO (21). Vale Festejar! in São Luís (IV): Bumba-meu-Boi (insiderbrazil.wordpress.com)