Dia da Construção Civil (Civil Construction).
Dia da Democracia (Democracy).
Dia da Saúde e Higiene dos Dentes (Dental Health and Hygiene).
Dia do Cirurgião-dentista (Dental Surgeon).
Dia do Dentista Brasileiro (Brazilian Dentist).
Dia do Sapateiro (Shoemaker).
Dia Mundial do Macarrão (World Pasta Day).
1975 Death of journalist Vladimir Herzog
1886 Birth of writer Humberto de Campos (1886-1934)
1636 Dutch nobleman Maurício de Nassau started his travel to Brazil.
1984 Inauguration of Itaipu hydro-electric power station by the presidents of Brazil and Paraguay.
1996 World title beach volleyball for Zé Marco and Emanuel
Other days in October:
>> UNDER CONSTRUCTION <<
Dia da Construção Civil
(Civil Construction). In the state of Rio de Janeiro, this day is held on the third Monday in October. However, since 2000, the day is also commemorated on 25 October, on the feast day of frei Antonio de Sant’Anna Galvão, who was canonized in 2012. In 2000, Pope John Paul II declared Frei Galvão as patron saint of the construction workers, since Frei Galvão worked as a constructor’s assistant. Therefore, in 2007, October 25 was declared as the Day of the Civil Construction Worker.
|25 de outubro: Dia da Construção Civil
||História da Construção Civil
|Viagem pela história da construção civil – Opinião Minas – Parte 1
||Viagem pela história da construção civil – Opinião Minas – Parte 2
Dia da Democracia
(Democracy). Since 1985, after 21 years of military dictatorship, Brazil is a democracy. According to a 2013 study of ‘The Economist Intelligence Unit’, Brazil is ranked 44th in the 2012 Democracy Index. It is therefore categorized as a ‘flawed democracy’.
Dia da Saúde e Higiene dos Dentes
(Dental Health and Hygiene). This day is not only to commemorate dentists, but also to pay attention to dental health. The day was installed per Federal Law no.10.465/2002.
DENTAL HEALTH AND HYGIENE
|Jornal Hoje – Saúde bucal e o coração
||A Relação Entre Problemas Bucais e Saúde Geral
|Quadro de Saúde: Higiene Bucal
||Saúde Bucal: Higiene da boca
Dia do Cirurgião-dentista
(Dental Surgeon). Brazilian dentists are educated as cirurgão-dentista, dental surgeon. They may specialize themselves into various dentistry disciplines, such as surgery, orthodontics, pediatric and geriatric dentistry, endodontics, periodontics.
|DIA DO CIRURGIÃO-DENTISTA – CANAL SBT
||DIA DO CIRURGIÃO DENTISTA 2012 CANAL TVE
Dia do Dentista Brasileiro
(Brazilian Dentist). Up into the 19th century, dentist activities were performed by ‘surgeons’ and barbers. On 25 October 1884, per decree 9,311, the first graduation courses in Dentistry were started in Rio de Janeiro and Bahia, at the Faculty of Medicina e Arte Dentária. It is estimated that more than 176 thousand dentists are active in Brazil. According to recent numbers of the WHO, about 30 million Brazilians lack dental service. The World Dentist Day is on 3 October, to commemorate the first dental school in Baltimore (USA) in 1840: The Baltimore College of Dental Surgery.
|25 de Outubro – Dia do Dentista
||Dia 25 de outubro é dia dos Dentistas
|Especial Dia do Dentista – Equilíbrio corporal no dia a dia
||Especial Dia do Dentista – Respiração e Qualidade de Vida
|Especial Dia do Dentista: Alongue-se entre as consultas!
||Especial Dia do Dentista: Previna dores na região lombar de maneira fácil e rápida
Dia do Sapateiro
(Shoemaker). Around 380, two patrician Roman brothers, Crispin and Crispianus, converted themselves into Christianity. They had to leave Rome and settled themselves in Gallia, now France. They dedicated themselves to shoe-making and lived in poverty. Because of their conversion, the brothers were persecuted and captured. They were thrown in the river, fasted to big stones. They managed to escape and were captured again. They were then beheaded. Their feast day is on 25 October. However, during the Second Vatican Council, their names were removed from the Catholic calendar, because their existence was doubted. The saints Crispin and Crispianus are still considered as patron saints of shoemakers. It is estimated that about 350 thousand shoemakers are active in Brazil, which 130 thousand work in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul only.
|TV Feevale Notícias – Dia do Sapateiro
||Dia do Sapateiro
|O Último Mestre Sapateiro na Nazaré
||Trailler: SAPATEIROS de BH – O passo a passo de uma tradição
Dia Mundial do Macarrão
(World Pasta Day). Started in 1995 in Rome, World Pasta Day is held annually on 25 October. On 25 October 2005, the International Pasta Organization was founded, in order to promote pasta awareness and consumption. About 13.6 million tons of pasta is produced world wide. There exist more than 300 pasta varieties. Brazil is, after Italy and the United States, the third largest pasta producer and consumer (slightly more than 6 kg per capita) in the world.
WORLD PASTA DAY
|RIT – Dia Mundial do Macarrão
||World Pasta Day: October 25th (Med Diet Episode 50)
|Pasta Past and Present
||25 DE OUTUBRO: DIA MUNDIAL DO MACARRÃO
Death of journalist Vladimir Herzog
Vlado, born in 1937 in Yugoslavia, moved with his family to Brazil in 1942. He studied Philosophy in São Paulo and started his journalistic career in 1959. He changed his first name into Vladimir, and got married in 1960. In 1964, the couple moved to the United Kingdom where his two childen were born. The family returned to Brazil in 1968. In 1975, Vladimir was appointed as senior journalist at TV Cultura in São Paulo. On 24 October 1975, he was interrogated by the DCO-Codi (special intelligence forces) about his supposed links with the Brazilian communists. The following day, he died at the age of 38. According to the official version, he had hanged himself. One week later, about eight thousand people witnessed an ecumenical mass, as a silent protest against the military regime. Three years later, the coroner responsible confessed that he had signed the autopsy document without having examined the corpse. In the same year, the Federal Justice Department was held responsible for illegal imprisonment, torture and death of the journalist. In 2004, two unedited photos of Vladimir, naked in a cell just before his death, were published in a journal. His widow declared that these pictures were not showing her late husband. Only in 2013, Herzog’s family received a new death certificate, in which the true cause of death was mentioned.
|Especial Vladimir Herzog
||Entrevista Vladimir Herzog
|Matéria de Capa – Vladimir Herzog
||Vladimir Herzog – “O último Dia”
|Vladimir Herzog – À espera da Comissão da Verdade
||LINHA DIRETA JUSTIÇA – Vladimir Herzog (completo)
Birth of writer Humberto de Campos (1886-1934)
Humberto was born in Miritiba (now Humberto de Campos), Maranhão. His father died when he was six; he then moved to São Luís where he had a poor youth. At the age of 17, he moved to the state of Pará where he worked for a journal. His first poetry book was published in 1910. Two years later, he moved to Rio, where he joined a group of writers. As a militant academic, Humberto wrote under various pseudonyms. In 1920, he became congressman for the state of Maranhão. The 1930 Revolution resulted in the dissolution of the Congress, but President Getúlio Vargas, who admired Humberto’s works, provided him another function. In 1933, his best known work was published: Memórias. Humberto died on 5 December 1934. A few years after his death, medium Chico Xavier started to write down his words through psychography. In addition, his Diário Secreto (Secret Diary) was published; it revealed various scandals among famous people of his time.
~ Humberto de Campos
~ Humberto de Campos
SPIRIT OF HUMBERTO DE CAMPOS
|Campanha de Esclarecimento Humberto de Campos
||Divulgação e Espiritismo – Um caso de Humberto de Campos
Dutch nobleman Maurício de Nassau started his travel to Brazil.
Since 1568, the Republic of the United Netherlands fought an independence war against Spain. During the Iberic Union (Union of Spain and Portugal), the Dutch tried to conquer Portuguese possessions, which they considered as the weakest pillars of the Spanish Empire. The Dutch invaded Northeast Brazil, and established a Dutch colony ‘New Holland’ in 1630. Count Mauricio de Nassau, who had the rank of an army captain, was invited to govern the new colony. On 25 October 1636, his fleet departed from the island of Texel. The Dutch fleet arrived on 23 January 1637 in Recife. Mauricio governed the Dutch colony for seven years.
MAURÍCIO DE NASSAU
|Maurício de Nassau (1/2) – De Lá Pra Cá
||Maurício de Nassau – De Lá Pra Cá
|O Nassoviano e a Cidade Maurícia – parte 01
||O Nassoviano e a Cidade Maurícia – parte 02
|Brasil dos Holandeses – Expedições
||História do Brasil 2 União Ibérica e Invasões holandesas
|Guerra pelo açúcar – Histórias do Brasil
||Recife Holandês | TV TAM Nas Nuvens
Inauguration of Itaipu hydro-electric power station by the presidents of Brazil and Paraguay.
In 1966, a treaty between Paraguay and Brazil was signed, by the Ministers of External Affairs, in order to create a bi-national power station which would benefit both countries. In 1973, engineers selected the most energetically profitable location for the power station. In 1974, a start was made with the construction of the power station. Housings were constructed for construction workers. A 2 km bypass was constructed in the Paraná River. The dam was ready in October 1982. The power station was officially inaugurated with the experimental operation of two turbines. The inauguration was performed by President Alfredo Stroessner of Paraguay and President João Batista Figueiredo of Brazil.
|Itaipu – A Pedra que Canta – Parte 1
||Itaipu – A Pedra que Canta – Parte 2
|NatGeo – Obras Incríveis – Usina Hidrelétrica de Itaipu
||NG Itaipu Dam Brazil Megastructures
World title beach volleyball for Zé Marco and Emanuel
It was their first victory of the Beach Volley Ball World Tour. Also in 1997 they won the World Tour. Zé Marco (José Marco Melo) won with Ricardo Santos in 2000, while Emmanuel Rego won in 1999 with José Loiola, in 2001 with Tande Ramos, in 2003-2007 with Ricardo Santos, and in 2011 with Alison Cerutti.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom