Brazilian Days 350
Dia do Butantã
(Butantan, district in the city of São Paulo). The indigenous name refers to a fortress (Emboaçaba) that was constructed in that region. Already in the 16th century, Butantã appeared on maps. In the 17th century, the Portuguese donated the land to Afonso Sardinha for the construction of a regional harbor along the Pinheiros River. Afonso did not have children; therefore, the area was donated to the Jesuits, who constructed the chapel Nossa Senhora das Graças do Colégio and Igreja (church) de São Paulo. The Jesuits divided the area into 19 so-called sítios (countryhouses): one of them was sítio do Butantã. The sítio had various owners before it was sold to the State of São Paulo. The government founded Instituto Butantã and the Cidade Universitária. Scientist Adolfo Lutz officially requested the installation of Instituto Butantan at the director of the Serviço Sanitário (Sanitary Service) of the City. This letter, oficio Nº 185, marked the start of the institute, the day to commemorate the foundation was established in 1975.
Dia da Levitação
(Levitation Day). The day refers to 16 December 1868, when Scottish medium Daniel Douglas Home levitated himself in the air, floated outside his house through a window and entered another window at a height of 24 meters, in the presence some members of the London society.
Dia do Reservista
(Reservist). The day refers to the birth date of Olavo Bilac, the inspirator of the ‘Lei do Serviço Militar’ (Military Service Act), and songwriter of the Hino à Bandeira’. The day became official per Decreto Lei nº 1.908 (26 December 1939, issued by president Getúlio Vargas.
Dia do Teatro Amador
(Amateur Theater). Amateur theater was introduced in Brazil with the arrival of the Jesuits in the 16th century.
Birth of poet Olavo Bilac, song writer of Hino à Bandeira (Hymn of the Brazilian Flag).
Superior Tribunal de Justiça (Supreme Court) confirmed cassation of President Fernando Collor.
Agreement on unified orthography of the Portuguese language signed in Lisbon, by eight countries.
Brazil gained the status of kingdom within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves (Reino Unido de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves).
Foundation of São Paulo Futebol Clube (1935).
Announcement of the discovery of an oil well in Rio de Janeiro, by Petrobrás.
Approval of the creation of the state of Rondônia by the Câmara (Chamber of Deputies).
Introduction of transport vouchers (vale-transporte) by President José Sarney.
These vouchers were considered as a kind of indirect salary, as a compensation of transport expenses by the workers.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015