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Issue of the decree for the demolition of Morro do Castelo in Rio de Janeiro.
Mayor Carlos Sampaio declared that the district was impoverished, and he needed the space for the installation of an commemorative exposition of the first centenary of Brazilian independence.
Arrival of Duarte Coelho Perreira, the first governor of the Capitania of Pernambuco.
Start of the expedition of Pedro Álvares Cabral, who reached the Brazilian coast on 22 April 1500
Recognition of the Brazilian independence by Mexico.
Start of diplomatic relations between Brazil and North Korea.
Foundation of the city of Joinville (SC).
Joinville is a city located in the northeast of the state of Santa Catarina, at 180 km from the capital, Florianópolis. According to IBGE, the city counted 521 thousand inhabitants in 2011. Joinville has a high living standard, and ranks 13th of all Brazilian municipalities. The first inhabitants in the region might be dated back from 4800 B.C. These primitive men were farmers, but they also caught fish. At the time of the arrival of the first migrants – from Portuguese origin – , the region was inhabited by Tupi-Guarani Indian tribes. The migrants, probably from São Vicente, arrived with their black slaves, and started to grow manioc, sugar cane, rice, and corn.
On May 1, 1843, Dona Francisca Carolina, daughter of emperor Dom Pedro I, married François Ferdinand, prince of Joinville (French department of Haute-Marne), and received some land near the São Francisco colony, as a wedding present. Five years later, the French king Louis Philippe lost the throne, and François had to seek refugee in Hamburg. The couple suffered financial problems, and sold part of their properties in Brazil to a German senator, who started to colonize this region.
The first migrants arrived in 1851, and they founded Colônia Dona Francisca. One year later, the name was changed into Joinville, in honor of the prince. Remarkably, the prince and his Brazilian wife never had visited their Brazilian belongings. The mansion (Palácio dos Príncipes de Joinville) that was built for the couple, now is a museum for colonization and migration. Joinville became intensely industrialized between 1950 and 1980, and therefore gained the nickname of ‘Brazilian Manchester’.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015