Dia Mundial do Escoteiro
(Scouting). Today is the day of Saint George, patron saint of the Scouts. He was put to death by Roman emperor Diocletian on 23 April 303, because of his Christian faith. Lord Baden Powell, founder of scouting, chose St. George because of his qualities of a Roman soldier; qualities that reflect good scouting. The day is celebrated in some countries as the United Kingdom and Spain.
Dia Mundial do Livro e do Direito Autoral
(World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day). The day is chosen because for three important writers 23 April was their day of death: British William Shakespeare (1654), Spanish Miguel de Cervantes (1616), and Peruvian Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1616). The idea for this day rose from Catalonia where it has become a tradition to give a rose as a gift with each book purchased.
WORLD BOOK & COPYRIGHT DAY
|World Book and Copyright Day
||UNESCO highlights the World Book and Copyright Day (23 April )
Dia Nacional do Choro
(Choro). The day commemorates the birth of Pixinguinha (1887-1973). The choro music style, with a mix of African and European elements, dates back from the second half of the 19th century. Initially the choro style was only played by public servants, textile workers, and members of military music bands. The term originates from the sound that is made by the cavaquinho (small string instrument) which appears to be somewhat melancholic. However, choro music has a fast and happy rhythm. The choro style gained popularity in the 20th century, and was played by more musicians, including Pixinguinha, who popularized choro.
|100 ANOS DE CHORO
||Choro Pedacinho do Céu
March of ‘Integralistas’ in São Paulo.
Brazilian integralism was a fascist movement in Brazil, created in October 1932. The movement was founded and led by Plínio Salgado. Their symbol was a sigma in a white circle on a sky blue background. In mid-1930s, the movement won many members (up to one million), mainly among German-Brazilians and Italian-Brazilians. Initially, President Getúlio sympathized with integralism, when battling with communist and other left-wing movements. In 1937, however, when Vargas gained full dictatorial powers, he turned against the integralist movement. In 1938, integralists attacked Guanabara Palace (government seat), but failed. The movement disintegrated quickly.
|Ação Integralista Brasileira – Efeito Sepia
||Plinio Salgado – integralismo
Creation of Academia Real Militar (Royal Military Academy) in Rio de Janeiro.
Birth of Brazilian composer Pixinguinha (Alfredo da Rocha Vianna Filho).
|Pixinguinha Documentário – SESCTV – Chorinhos e Chorões
||Pixinguinha e Velha Guarda do Samba
Discovery of a parasite in human blood by Carlos Chagas.
Occupation of five fazendas (farms) in the Pau-Brasil Reserve (BA), by Pataxós indigenous.
Rodrigo Pessoa won his third world cup in the horse jumping discipline.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015