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Dia do Quilo
(Kilo). Recently (2012), the Brazilian Congress approved a law, which introduces the Dia do Quilo on November 3, the birth date of Brazilian sociologist and human rights activist Herbert José de Sousa, better known as Betinho (1935-1997). His major achievement was his participation in the actions against hunger in Brazil. ‘Quilo’ refers to the weight of basic nutrition, as it is collected at charity events.
Um diz isso, um diz aquilo,
mas hoje é dia do quilo.
Comemora-se junto ao feirante
ou do vendedor ambulante.
O comerciante atende a pedida
sempre respeitando a medida.
Respeito ao comprador
é o símbolo do vendedor.
O trabalho de fiscalização
sempre entra em ação
para evitar o embuste.
Quem tenta enganar o freguês,
seja dia, ano ou mês
com a lei tem seu ajuste.
Dia do Imigrante
(Immigrant). June 19 was the Day of the Migrant. Today is the Day of the Immigrant. Brazil, as part of the ‘New World’, has welcomed millions of immigrants. About one century ago, about one-third of the immigrants were Portuguese, more than 270 thousand. The German migrant community in Brazil is the second largest German community outside Germany. The Japanese community is the largest outside Japan. There is another Day of the Immigrant on Dec 1.
Election of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva as chairman of Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT).
Former Brazilian president Lula (2003-2011) made a giant leap forward towards the presidency. He lost three consecutive presidential elections, before he became president.
Lula in 1980
Lula as union leader, during the 80’s.
Conquest of the Fortress in Humaitá by generaal Osório.
The Fortress of Humaitá was located at the left margin of the Paraguay River and was part of the defense system of the capital of Paraguay, Ascunción, which was located north of Humaitá. The fall of this fortress gave free access to the capital, and Ascunción soon was invaded by the armies of the Triple Alliance (Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay). Soon thereafter, the entire Paraguayan army surrendered.
Foundation of the PSDB (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira; Brazilian Social Democratic Party).
The political party is considered to belong to the central-left wing, although some critics indicate the party as a centrist or a right-centrist party. Ex-president Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC; 1998-2002) was one of the founders. More prominent party members are former governor of São Paulo José Serra, governor of São Paulo Geraldo Alckmin (both were presidential candidates but lost to Lula and Dilma), former governor of Minas Gerais Aécio Neves (grandson of Tancredo Neves), and governor of Minas Gerais Antônio Anastasia. The toucan is the symbol of the party; therefore, the party members are called ‘tucanos’.
From left to right: the ‘tucanos’
Alckmin, Serra, Cardoso, and Neves (foto)
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015