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Dia do Ilícito
Dia da Aviação de Busca e Salvamento
(Search and rescue flights). On June 15, 1967, the C-47 2068 disappeared from the radar. A large-scale search mission was started. Thirty-two airplanes in total, more than 100 flight hours, and more than one million liters of kerosene were needed, before the five survivors (out of 25 passengers and crewmen) were traced in the jungle of Northern Brazil. They were located on June 26, more than ten days after the crash. This day is introduced as an homage to this unique rescue mission.
Dia Internacional de Luta Contra o Uso e o Tráfico de Drogas (ONU)
(UN Day against Drug Trade and Use). Drugs are a worldwide problem. Also in Brazil, where powerful drug lords seem to have control in the slums of many cities. The slogan of 2007 was:
“Do drugs control your life? Your life.
Your community. No place for drugs.”
The UN bureau UNOCD (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) was started in 1997, and now counts more than 500 employees. They assist in the development of national legislation, research to the drug effects, and drug trade, and assist in the investigations of criminal activities.
Dia Internacional das Nações Unidas em Defesa das Vítimas da Tortura (ONU)
(UN Day for the Protection of Tortured Victims). A quote of former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan is self-explanatory:
“This is a day on which we pay our respects to those who have endured the unimaginable.
This is an occasion for the world to speak up against the unspeakable.
It is long overdue that a day be dedicated to remembering and supporting the many victims and survivors of torture around the world.”
This day was introduced in 1998.
Localization of the five survivors of the crashed C-47 2068 (see above).
Introduction of the metric system in Brazil.
Already in 1830, congressman and teacher Cândido Batista de Oliveira tried to introduce the metric system, thereby replacing the systems introduced by the Portuguese. It took more than thirty years before the metric system was introduced by law.
Luís Alves de Lima e Silva (better known as Duque de Caxias) received the title of marquis.
Death of Brazilian philosopher Tobias Barreto
Organization of the ‘Passeata dos Cem Mil’ by the UNE, against the military government, in Rio de Janeiro.
The UNE (União Nacional de Estudantes; National Student Union) organized the march against the military dictatorship, which had started in 1964. When students protested against the raise of the price of warm meals, the military police invaded the restaurant, thereby killing a 17-year old student. The protests and repressions escalated, resulting in ‘Bloody Friday’, with almost 30 deaths and more than 1000 arrested. The military command permitted the protest, but had ten thousand policemen ready to come into action. The march was walked by more than 100 thousand people, including artists, politicians, and intellectuals. Among them were the singers Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Milton Nascimento, and Chico Buarque, writer Clarice Lispector, and politicians Tancredo Neves, and now president, Dilma Roussef.
Fotos: Youpode.com.br and historianet.com br
Carlos Drummond de Andrade wrote a poem about it:
“Diante das fotos de Evandro Teixeira”.
- “Das lutas de rua no Rio
- em 68, que nos resta
- mais positivo, mais queimante
- do que as fotos acusadoras,
- tão vivas hoje como então,
- a lembrar como a exorcizar?“
Explosion of a car bomb at No. II Exército (São Paulo). One soldier died.
Introduction of the tabloid ‘Pasquim’
Aécio Neves (chairman of the National Congress) became Brazilian president for three days.
Brazilian national soccer team beat Turkey (1-0) and proceeded to the World Cup final.
Death of João Maria de Orleans e Bragança (great-grandson of D. Pedro II)
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015