Dia do Biquíni.
(Bikini) On July 5, 1946, the bikini, designed by the French designers Jacques Heim and Louis Rearden, arrived at the world market. The name is derived from the Bikini Atoll, where a nuclear test was conducted, a few days prior to the launch of the bikini. This inspired the designers, who felt that the introduction of their creation had to strike like a bomb. The first bikini model was Micheline Bernadini, a former nude dancer in Paris. Today, it is impossible to imagine (Brazilian) beachwear without bikinis.
History of the bikini
Dia da Fundação do Exército da Salvação
(Salvation Army). In 1865, the Methodist minister William Booth went on the streets to preach to the homeless in London. In 1878, his movement received the name ‘Salvation Army’. In 1922, the first office was opened in Brazil.
EXÉRCITO DA SALVAÇÃO
|Propaganda movie 80 years Exército de Salvação
||Documentary Exército da Salvação
|Hart for God, Hand for Man
Ratification of the Law of the Thirteenth Month.
Jango was the nickname for president João Belchior Marques Goulart (1918-1976), the last president before the military coup. The law, Lei de Gratificação de Natal, came into effect on July 13.
How to spend the 13th month
First nonstop flight between São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, by Edu Chaves.
Pioneer Chaves departed from São Paulo at 9.46, with his Blériot-80, and landed at Campo dos Affonsos in Rio de Janeiro, at 14.30, in the presence of president Hermes da Fonseca.The average speed was 120 km per hour..
Edu Chaves: the first flight in Brazil (7 March 1912)
Revolt of the Eighteen of Forte de Copacabana.
Governor of Minas Gerais, Artur Bernardes, defeated the candidate of Rio de Janeiro, Nilo Peçanha, in the presidential elections. His election met resistance from the military command. Marshal Hermes Fonseca urged not to recognize the president-elect. The marshal was put in prison. At the same time, ‘fake letters’ from Bernardes, who heavily criticized the military command, were published in the newspapers. On July 2, a rebellion broke out in Forte de Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro. The fort was under the command of Euclides Fonseca Hermes, son of the marshal. In response to the revolt the fort was bombed by soldiers from a nearby fort. Navy ships off the coast assisted in the bombing. Of the more than 300 stationed at the Fort, eighteen continued (seventeen soldiers and one civilian) to rebel. They marched from the fort, along the beach of Copacabana. Only two survived, although seriously wounded, the fire exchanges with the government army. The rebellion had lasted a little more than one day.
“Os dezoito do forte”
Elles eram dezoito… Os mais partiram
Tanto que a causa, enfim, viram perdida.
Elles – dezoito apenas – preferiram
Ficar, quando ficar custava a vida…
Poetas e heroes, à hora derradeira,
Como uma só mortalha ter quiserem.
Tomaram, soluçando, da bandeira
E em dezoito pedaços a fizeram…
Elles dormem agora: e, ao longe, sobre aquelles
Que os venceram, no forte, adeja outra bandeira
Porque aquella que os viu, a hora derradeira.
Lutar, morrer por ella, essa morreu com Elles…
THE 18 OF FORTE COPACABANA
|The Eighteen of Forte Copacabana –
|The Eighteen of Forte Copacabana – Preparation
|The Eighteen of Forte Copacabana – Start
||The Eighteen of Forte Copacabana – Betrayal
|The Eighteen of Forte Copacabana – Final Act
Start of the armed rebellion in São Paulo, commanded by General Isidoro Dias Lopes.
On the second anniversary of the uprising of Forte de Copacabana See above), the uprising against the military government started. This uprising – later known as “Revolução Esquecida’ or ‘Revolução de 1924′ – lasted for 23 days. The president of the state of São Paulo had to take refuge in the interior of the state, after his palace was bombed. The federal president, Artur Bernardes, ordered to bomb parts of the city. The insurgents fled from São Paulo, to a city in Mato Grosso do Sul. There they were defeated by federal troops. The survivors joined guerrilla groups trying to destabilize the country.
PAULISTA REVOLUTION (1924)
|Revolução Paulista (1924)
||Revolução Paulista 1924
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015