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Dia Internacional de Ação contra Passageiros Indesejáveis
(Worldwide Air Rage Campaign Day). Unfortunately, one may read reports in newspapers about an emergency landing of a certain airplane, when an aggressive passenger had made trouble. That cabin personnel had been harassed or even attacked. In extreme cases, such troublemakers may cause accidents or – as with the hijacks on September 11, 2001 – assaults. This Worldwide Air Rage Campaign Day has been introduced in 2000.
Opening of Ponte Aérea (airlift) between Rio de Janeiro (Santos Dumont) and São Paulo (Congonhas).
The distance of 400 km takes less than an hour; companies like GOL, TAM, Varig, and VASP together are responsible for sometimes more than 10 flights per hour (at 8 AM and 14 PM), between 6 AM and 10 PM.
Ban on printing of books and newspapers, per Royal Decree (Carta Régia).
A royal decree from motherland Portugal prohibited printing in order to maintain tight control of the colony. The ban was lifted on 13 May 1808, with the introduction of the Impressão Régia, the Royal Press by the Portuguese King João VI, then in exile in Brazil.
First print in Portuguese
colonial Brazil in 1746
Official inauguration of Goiânia, the new capital of the state of Goiás.
It is called the ‘Batismo Cultural’, and on that day, in the presence of governor Pedro Ludovico and president Getúlio Vargas, the Relógio and the Coreto were inaugurated. ► More information about Goiânia (incl. videos)
|Goiânia – Historical images
||Goiânia – Documentary
|Goiânia – Brazilian Cities Series
||Goiânia – GO
Creation of Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE), precursor of the IBGE.
The INE, National Statistics institute, started to function on May 29, 1936. In the following year, the IBGE, the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute for Geographics and Statistics) was formed, still incorporated in the INE. Since then, the INE was renamed IBGE. The IBGE is part of the Ministry of Planning, Bugeting, and Expenditures (Planejamento, Orçamento e Gestão), and is responsible for a vast number of statistical data, among which data from all municipalities in Brazil, economic data, and data obtained from the census.
Death of poet Castro Alves (1847-1871).
Castro Alves was born on March 14, 1847, in Curralinho, Bahia. At age 7, he moved to Salvador, and at age 16, to Recife. In 1864, he started to study Law, after being rejected two times before. His mother died in 1859, and his father in 1866. Shortly after his father’s death, he started to date the famous Portuguese actress Eugênia Câmara. One year later, he moved with the actress to Salvador, where he presented his drama ‘Gonzaga’ ou ‘A Revolução de Minas’. The drama became a success, but Castro had to deal with a real drama: the break-up with Eugênia. He then moved to São Paulo, with the intention to finish his law study. During a hunting event, he was accidentally shot in his left foot. Due to gangrene, the foot had to be amputated. His health weakened as a result of tuberculosis. He spent his final year in Salvador, where he published his only work when still alive: ‘Espumas Fluantes’. Castro died in 1871, at the age of 24. After his death, his works were published: Gonzaga (1875), O Navio Negrero (1880), and ‘Os Escravos’ (1883), amongst others. To his honor, the city of birth was renamed in Castro Alves, in 1900.
|Castro Alves – De lá pra cá 1
||Castro Alves – De lá pra cá 2
|Maria Betânia recites and sings ‘Um Índio (with English translation)
||‘O Navio Negrero’ with interpretation of Paulo Altran
|‘As Duas Flores’
||City of Castro Alves
Birth of composer Alberto Nepomuceno (1864-1920).
Alberto was born in Fortaleza, Ceará. At the age of 8, he and his family (his father was a musician) moved to Recife, where he started to play piano and violin. As a youngster he became politically active, as an abolitionist and republican. Alberto started to compose musics in Portuguese; at that time it was a general thought that Portuguese was not suitable for singing classical music. Alberto traveled to Europe, and stayed in Rome, Berlin, where he met his Norwegian wife. He moved with her to Bergen and stayed in Grieg’s house. Alberto then stayed in Paris before returning to Brazil. He once more traveled to Europe for concerts, in 1910. In Brazil he became teacher in Rio, at the Instituto Nacional de Música. Heitor Villa-Lobos became one of his students. Alberto kept on battling for the introduction of Portuguese in opera and song.
|Alberto Nepomuceno – Life, Music, Nationalism 1
||Alberto Nepomuceno – Life, Music, Nationalism 2
|Alberto Nepomuceno – Life, Music, Nationalism 3
||“Trovas Alegres”, “Dolor Supremus” & “Cantigas”
|Songs: “Xácara” and “Cantilena”
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015