Dia da Pizza
(Pizza). Although this day has been introduced in the United States, The Day of the Pizza also is listed on the Brazilian calendar. The modern pizza indeed originates from Italy, at the end of the 19th century in Naples, through the hands of Rosa and Raffael Espósito. Their dough product quickly gained fame, and even reached the Italian royal court. Queen Margherita received a pizza of basil, mozzarella, and tomatoes, like the colors of the Italian flag. This pizza flavor has been named after the queen since then. The first pizzeria was opened in Italy in 1830. With the arrival of Italian migrants, pizza was introduced in Brazil. Initially exclusively in the cuisines and restaurants of the Italian communities, but soon enough the pizza became popular among Brazilians. At present there exists many pizzerias, who have introduced their unique flavors: chocolate, banana, strawberry, amongst others.
Giant pizza in São Paulo at Dia da Pizza
News item Dia da Pizza
Dia Nacional da Saúde Ocular
(Ocular health). In Brazil, more than 750 thousand cataract surgeries and 200 ocular laser treatments are performed annually. The WHO World Sight Day is being held on the second Thursday in October.
Interview with Dr. Ricardo Guimarães, ophthalmologist
Dia do Truco
(Truco card game). “TRRUUCCOO!!” You might hear this on the streets, in the bars, at school campuses. A yell that instantly gains your attention, when you are not used to that. What is going on, someone in need? More screams and yells, it is getting worse! These are the first impressions when you hear a group of fanatic truco players. Truco is a card game with elements of other known card games such as poker. The game is played with two couples, they sit opposite of each other. These couples may have certain codes to mention each other of the cards in the hand. The game consists of a number of rounds. Who wins most rounds, with bluffing, is winner. There exist regional variants, like truco minero (Minas Gerais), paulista (São Paulo), goiano (Goiás), and variants in neighboring countries.
How Truco is played in leisure time
Emperor Dom Pedro II departed from Rio de Janeiro to Uruguaiana
(Rio Grande do Sul) at the time of the war of the Triple Alliance (Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay) against Paraguay.
Short overview of the Paraguayan War (1864-1870)
Hino dos Bandeirantes became the official hymn of the state of São Paulo.
Hino dos Bandeirantes
Paulista, pára um só instante
Dos teus quatro séculos ante
A tua terra sem fronteiras,
O teu São Paulo das “bandeiras”!
Deixa atrás o presente:
Olha o passado à frente!
Vem com Martim Afonso a São Vicente!
Galga a Serra do Mar! Além, lá no alto,
Bartira sonha sossegadamente
Na sua rede virgem do Planalto.
Espreita-a entre a folhagem de esmeralda;
Beija-lhe a Cruz de Estrelas da grinalda!
Agora, escuta! Aí vem, moendo o cascalho,
Botas-de-nove-léguas, João Ramalho.
Serra-acima, dos baixos da restinga,
Vem subindo a roupeta
De Nóbrega e de Anchieta.
Contempla os Campos de Piratininga!
Este é o Colégio.
Adiante está o sertão.
Vai! Segue a entrada! Enfrenta!
Norte – Sul – Este – Oeste,
Em “bandeira” ou “monção”,
Doma os índios bravios.
Rompe a selva, abre minas, vara rios;
No leito da jazida
Acorda a pedraria adormecida;
Retorce os braços rijos
E tira o ouro dos seus esconderijos!
Bateia, escorre a ganga,
Lavra, planta, povoa.
Depois volta à garoa!
E adivinha através dessa cortina,
Na tardinha enfeitada de miçanga,
A sagrada Colina
Ao Grito do Ipiranga!
Entreabre agora os véus!
Do cafezal, Senhor dos Horizontes,
Verás fluir por plainos, vales, montes,
Usinas, gares, silos, cais, arranha-céus!
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015