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Dia da Caridade
(Charity). Many religions encourage the worshipers to donate to poor people. The christian doctrine encourages to donate openly, but that it is preferable to donate discretely. The Islam has the zakat (‘purification’), the third of the five pillars of the Islam. The worshipers are obliged to donate a fix share of their income and capital to the poor people, or to causes that are beneficial for the Islam, such as the contributions for the construction and maintenance of mosques. The day was established by Lei (law) 5,063 in 1966.
Dia dos Povos Oprimidos
Dia Nacional do Futebol
(Soccer). On 19 July 1900, the first Brazilian soccer club was founded: Sport Club Rio Grande. In 1894, soccer was introduced from England by Charles Miller (from São Paulo),when he returned from England with two soccer balls and his acquired knowledge of the game rules. The first international match of the Brazilian national team was played in 1914, against the English club Exter City. Due to the fabulous talents of Pelé and Garrincha for example, Brazil has gained international recognition as a principal soccer nation. Brazil has won the World Cup five times: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, and 2002.
HYMNS OF THE PRINCIPAL
|Teams from the state of São Paulo
||Teams from the state of Rio de Janeiro
|Teams from the state of Rio Grande do Sul
||Teams from the state of Minas Gerais
|Teams from the state of Pernambuco
||Teams from the state of Bahia
Foundation of the oldest (still active) Brazilian soccer club, Sport Clube Rio Grande (SCRG).
The club was founded by Johannes Christian Moritz Minnemann. In 1936, SCRG won the championship of the Gaúcho competition (Rio Grande do Sul). At present, SCRG participates in the second division of the Gaúcho competition. Due to its reputation as oldest club, SCRG received the nickname ‘Vovó” (grandpa).
Launch of the national campaign ‘O Melhor do Brasil é o Brasileiro’ (The Best of Brazil is the Brazilian).
The campaign was launched with the intention to rescue the self-esteem of Brazilians, that appeared to be low. Brazil and Brazilians did not play significant roles in history, with the exception of certain sportive achievements (as in soccer and volleyball). One of the campaign elements was the slogan ‘Eu sou brasileiro e não nunca desisto’ (I am Brazilian and will never desist). The immense campaign was launched in the presence of President Lula.
Launch of the suborbital rocket VSB-30 V4 by Agência Espacial Brasileira (Brazilian Space Agency).
VSB stands for ‘Veículo de Sondagem Booster’ (Booster Sounding Vehicle), a type of a suborbital rocket. The rocket was developed in cooperation with DLR (German Space Agency). The 12.6 meter long rocket is able to carry a load of about 400 kg, to a height of 270 km. The first launch in Alcântara (MA) was on October 23, 2004. The second and third launches were in Sweden, in order to obtain European qualification certificates. The fourth launch, in Alcântara, was partly successful. There were problems with the parachutes and the localization system, and the rocket disappeared in the ocean. In 2009, the VSB gained international qualification and now may become a successful Brazilian export product.
Youtube channel ‘Brazilian Space‘
|Launch of the VSB-30 V4 Rocket
|VSB-30 V7 Camera on Board
||VSB-30 V8 Camera on Board
|VSB-30 Project / Hypersonic 14-x
Death of Brazilian actress Dercy Gonçalves (1907)
Dercy was born as Dolores Gonçalves Castro in the state of Rio de Janeiro in 1907. She was born in a poor family and dreamed of a singing career. She started her career at the age of sixteen, when she escaped her house and joined a traveling theater company. She soon lost her voice, but she quickly gained fame as a comedienne. Dercy started her movie career in 1943 in ‘Samba em Berlim’. In 1958, she starred in ‘A Grande Vedete‘, which may be considered as one of her career highlights. In 1957, she made her television debut. She joined Globo and she became very popular with the Sunday broadcast ‘Dercy de Verdade’, which gained more than seventy percent of the television viewers. In 1991, she was honored in the samba enredo of samba school Viradouro. At the age of 83, she participated in the parade and caused controversy when she showed her bare breasts. She was the actress with the longest career, more than eighty years, according to the Guiness Book of Records. According to her last will, she is buried in upright position in a self-created mausoleum, which resembles the pyramid of the Louvre in Paris.
Foto: Globo / Foto
|Start of ‘A Grande Vedete’ (1959)
||Interview with Jô Soares (1990s)
|Ronda Viva (1987)
||Samba Parade Viradouro (1991)
||Dercy & Silvio Santos:
Em Nome de Amor
|Dercy Gonçalves 100 Years
||Interview at the age of 82 (1986)
|Death of Dercy Gonçalves
||Adeus Dercy Gonçalves
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015