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Dia dos Mortos da Marinha
(Marines killed in WWII). At the Monumento Nacional, marines killed in World War II are remembered. More than one thousand sailors of merchant vessels and marines were killed thanks to the torpedoes fired from the German U-boats. The monument was erected at the Aterro do Flamengo in Rio de Janeiro in 1960.
Death of Martim Afonso de Souza (1490/1500 – 1564/1571), founder of São Vicente (SP).
In December 1531, the Portuguese king João III sent out an expedition, with De Souza (appointed as governor of Brazil), as the commander. This expedition was in fact the start if the Portuguese colonization of Brazil. Less than two months later, the fleet arrived in Pernambuco. One year later, the same fleet, in search of the legendary ‘Rio da Prata’ (River of Silver), in São Vicente, where De Souza organized the very first elections on the American continent: Elections for the city council of São Vicente. In 1533, De Souza battled against the Moors and Hindus for the dominance of Portuguese India. His victory was awarded with the title viceroy of India. In 1545 or 1546, he definitely returned to his motherland.
First national strike since 1964.
At present, you will be confronted frequently with banners that announce and justify a certain strike, with the demands written in capitals. Since 1964, it was strictly forbidden by the dictators, to strike. On July 21, more than three million employees in the sectors of banking, public transportation, metal industries, commercial services, public services, were on strike. Numerous manifestations and demonstrations took place in entire Brazil The military regime intervened violently, arrested the leaders of the strike and gatherings were forbidden. The strike became the start of a labor union: Central Única dos Trabalhadores, one month later.
Foundation of soccer club Fluminense (RJ).
The Tricolores (Their nickname is derived from the colors white, wine red (grená) and green) have established their fame in Brazilian soccer. The team from Rio de Janeiro has conquered the national championship four times: Three times in Série A: (1970, 1984, and 2010), and one time in Série C (1999). In 1952, Fluminense won the World Cup. The most famous players at Fluminense were Telê Santana (later, he became coach of the national team), Didi, Waldo, Rivelino, and Branco (yes, he scored the winning goal against the Netherlands in the quarter finals of the World Cup in 1994).
|Fluminense champion in 2010
||Hymn of Fluminense
|History and famous players
||Copa do Brasil 2007
|Brazilian title 2010 – Documentary
||Brazilian title – 1984
|Struggle against relegation – 2009
||World Cup clubteams 1952
Start of the Bandeira expedition, led by Fernão Dias Paes (1608-1681).
He was a descent of the first colonists in São Vicente, who were searching for gold and emerald. Stories about the ‘El Dorado’, that was never found, attracted many fortune seekers and adventurers. Fernão was one of them. With the promise of richness and fame, he started an expedition that lasted seven years, from São Paulo to the inland of Minas Gerais. He never has found the treasures, only the less valuable tourmaline. But his expedition was of significant value. During his expedition, he was accompanied by his son and bastard son He had his bastard son hanged since he suspected betrayal against him.
The route, followed by Fernão Dias Paes
Bandeiras e entradas
Earthquake with a force of 6,1 degrees according the Richter Scale between the states of Amazonas and Acre.
According to USGS (U.S. geological institute), the quake occurred at 10.27 am (BST), at a depth of 632,9 km, and at 425 km northwest of Rio Branco, capital of the state of Acre. The quake was slightly felt in the region, and there were no reports of victims. About three years later, on May 24, 2010, another earthquake, with a force of 6.5 was registered. Witnesses reported not having felt this quake.
Gold medal for the Brazilian handball team at the Panamerican Games, after having beaten Cuba.
Handball was added to the Panamerican Games in 1987. In Cuba 1991, there was no women’s handball competition. Brazil won bronze in 1987 and 1995, and gold in 1999, 2003, 2007, and 2011.
Gold medal for Brazilian Danielle Zangrando (judo, until 57kg).
Judoka Danielle beat American Valerie Gotay in the final. At the age of 16, she won bronze during the world championships in 1995.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015