Dia dos Artistas
Dia Nacional da Infância
(Brazilian Day of Infancy). A day of reflection about the life conditions of many children, who suffer malnutrition, live with lack of sanitary facilities and potable water, and lack good quality education. At many locations there will be attention to domestic violence that victimizes many children, and sexual abuse, by family members, acquaintances, and by ‘tourists’. Some years ago, an investigation by the Federal Highway Police (Polícia Federal Rodoviária) showed that along the highway network of 60 thousand kilometers, almost two thousand locations are known where children and youngsters are being exploited sexually.
Death of Antônio Felipe Camarão (?1580-1648).
Antônio was a Brazilian Indian of the Potiguar tribe in the region of the city of Natal. His Indian name was ‘Poti’, meaning ‘shrimp’ (‘camarão’ in Portuguese). In 1612, he converted himself to Christianity, that the day of Saint Anthony, and adopted this name. He adopted the name Felipe, to honor the Spanish king. In 1630, Antônio battled, leading the Indian regiment, against the Dutch occupation, until 1468. In his final year of his life, he battled under the command of the Portuguese. Antônio was honored, and he was allowed to use the title ‘Dom’. Antônio succumbed from wounds that he caught in the famous battle of Guararapes. The city hall of Natal is named after Antônio.
|Filipe Camarão – Série “Construtores do Brasil” – TV Câmara
Death of actor João Caetano (1808-1863).
João Caetano dos Santos was born in Rio de Janeiro. He started is career in the theater as an amateur, until 1831, when he made his debut as a professional in “O Carpinteiro da Livônia”, later better known as “Pedro, o Grande” (about the Russian czar Peter the Great). Less than two years later, João and some colleagues founded the Companhia Nacional João Caetano. João’s favorite theater pieces were tragedy, but also acted in comedies. He described his experiences in two books: “Reflexões Dramáticas“, (1837) and “Lições Dramáticas” (1862). In 1860, he set up a school for Dramatic Arts, entirely free for students. He died three years later. João is considered as one of the masters of drama. Sixty years later, the historic Real Theatro de São João (1813) was named after him: Teatro João Caetano.
Suicide of president Getúlio Vargas, in Palácio do Catete, Rio de Janeiro.
Getúlio Dornelles Vargas was born in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul in 1882. It is obvious that, in his childhood, he changed his year of birth in 1883. This was discovered in 1982 only. Getúlio enlisted in the army and studied Law. He started his career as a lawyer. In 1909, he was elected as a congressman for his state, and as a federal congressman in 1923. He worked as Minister of Treasury for a short time, before he became president of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. During his mandate he favored secret voting and voting rights for women, and was responsible for the foundation of Viação Aérea Rio Grandense, better known as VARIG. In those days, there still was the so-called ‘cafe-com-leite’ political system: Presidents of the Republic of Brazil were from São Paulo or Minas Gerais. This tradition was ended after a series of political controversies and even a revolt. A military coup was committed, and Getúlio Vargas was appointed as president of the Provisional Government (1930-1934). This became the Constitutional Government (1934-1937), and the New State (Estado Novo: 1937-1945). His government was considered as dictatorial, even fascist, according to some critics. However, he turned against the fascist nations in the Second World War, and chose the side of the Allied nations. Public pressure on Getúlio increased, until he was set aside by a coup, in 1945. He then became senator for Rio Grande do Sul and São Paulo. In 1950, Getúlio was elected as president. His government was characterized by construction and corruption. In January 1954, an air force officer was shot dead, and a journalist wounded by a bodyguard of Getúlio. This scandal called for stepping down, and ultimately made the president decide to commit suicide. He was a controversial president, who gained the nickname “Pai dos Pobres (father of the poor)” .
|Morte de Getúlio Vargas
||Um tiro no coração põe fim à Era Vargas
|Getúlio Vargas – Documentário (1974)
||Getúlio Vargas – De Lá Pra Cá – 24/08/2009
|Conheça a trajetória política de Getúlio Vargas
||Funeral de Getúlio Vargas – 1954
|A Era Vargas – Parte 01
||A Era Vargas – Parte 02
|A Era Vargas – Parte 03
||A Era Vargas – Parte 04
Installation of João Café Filho as president of Brazil.
Following the suicide of Getúlio Vargas, vice-president João Café Filho (1899-1970), was installed as president of the Republic of Brazil. João was born in Natal, where he worked as lawyer and journalist. He was president (the first protestant president of Brazil), until he had to step down because of health problems (cardiac problems). His successor, Carlos Luz, was put aside only three days later, after a military coup. Café Filho was not allowed to continue his presidency after his disease, since it was assumed that he would not accept the elected presidential candidate Juscelino Kubitschek as his successor.
JOÃO CAFÉ FILHO
|1955 – CAFÉ FILHO AT THE FUNERAL DE ARTUR BERNARDES
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015