Dia do Gaúcho
(Gaucho). Gaúcho is a popular term for the Brazilians living in Southern Brazil. It lasted more than 120 years since the discovery of Brazil (in 1500), when the first settlement was founded – by Jesuits – in Southern Brazil. The Jesuits had brought their cattle with them. Bandeirantes dislodged the Jesuits out of Brazil, but Spanish Jesuits returned, at the end of the 17th century. A black page in the Gaúcho history is year 1756. In that year, more than 1500 indians were slaughtered by the Spanish and Portuguese, in seventy minutes only. The region was contested by both the Portuguese and Spanish; part of the original ‘Gaúcho’ region is now Uruguay. In 1824, the first German arrived. They would found 39 colonies in total. On 20 September 1835, the so-called Farroupilha War was started, in order to obtain independence of this region (what is now the state of Rio Grande do Sul) by force. Ten years later, Rio Grande do Sul was added to the Brazilian Empire. Many Gaúchos, serving in the Brazilian army, were involved in the war against Paraguay. In 1875, the first Italian migrants arrived; they populated the drier regions. At present, many names of Brazilians, living in the Southern Brazil, have their origins in Germany and Italy.
DIA DO GAÚCHO
|20 de Setembro Dia do Gaúcho RS Brasil Borin Produções
||homenagem ao 20 de Setembro – Dia do Gaúcho
|RIO GRANDE DO SUL – 20 de setembro
Dia do Pombo da Paz
(Peace Dove). It is quite obvious that day pays attention to the male dove, while many texts that describe the Peace Dove are referring to the female dove: ‘pomba’ instead of ‘pombo’… .
POMBO DA PAZ
|Dove of Peace
Dia do Coletor de Lixo
(Waste collector). In Brazil, it is common (in larger cities) that garbage is collected two or three times per week. Like in Belgium, garbage is stored in little plastic bags, which are obtained from the supermarket. The garbage is deposited in special open graded garbage collectors along the pavement. It is not uncommon that street people search the bags at dawn, in their search for valuable items such as tin cans and paper. The waste collectors – in most cities their wear orange uniforms – appear to perform some kind of (low) paid fitness exercises. They literally jump from the truck, run to the garbage bags, and throw the bags in the track. Then they run, to the next garbage collector. Or they jump on the truck again. They usually work in teams of three to four men. There exist calculations that such a waste collector is making a distance between 30 and 40 kilometers per day….
|Profissões Urbanas: O dia na vida de um coletor de lixo
||Antonio Sacomory Homenagem Record Coletores Qualix
Dia do Funcionário Policial Civil
(Civil Police Officer). The three principal Brazilian police forces are:
Federal Police (Polícia Federal) is responsible for immigration issues and border control, for the issue of Brazilian passports, and for the coordiination of large-scale operations against criminals when more Brazilian states are involved
Military Police (Polícia Militar) wear uniforms (each state has another model) and are responsible for maintaining public order and first aid.
Civil Police (Polícia Civil) is responsible for detective work, forensics, and criminal investigations.
|POLICIA CIVIL DE MINAS GERAIS
||Polícia Civil Estado de São Paulo
Dia do Papeleiro
(Paper maker). Some sources mention 20 August as the Day of the Paper Maker. The National Workers’ Union of Paper Makers (Sindicato Nacional dos Papeleiros; SINAP) has the day of 8 December in its clauses as the Day of the Paper Maker.
The state of São Paulo has established 20 September as Day of the Paper Maker by law: (Lei 13045). It is the day of the foundation of SEPACO (Serviço Social da Indústria do Papel, Papelão e Cortiça do Estado de São Paulo), in 1956. SEPACO runs a hospital with a capacity of almost 200 beds, and is established as a social service for employees of the paper industry.
First international soccer match between the teams of Brazil and Argentina.
At their arrival in Buenos Aires, the Brazilians received a floral tribute. The first – friendly – match was easily won by Argentina with 3×0. Seven days later, the first official match between the two Southern American arch rivals was played, for the Roca Cup. Brazil won this match: 1×0. in June 2012, 94 matches between the neighboring countries were played. Argentina won 36, Brazil 34, and 24 ended in a draw. Argentina scored 152 goals, and Brazil 145.
BRAZIL – ARGENTINA
|Rivalidade Brasil Vs Argentina – Matéria Globo Esporte – 02/09/2009
Start of the Farroupilha War.
The Brazilian independence (in 1822) implicated that the political power became centralized in Rio de Janeiro, and there was little attention for regional matters. Southern Brazil, that gained economic power, protested, which led to the revolt of the liberal-minded farrapos in 1835. The first reactions of the federal government were the imprisonment of the governor and members of the Conservative Party. In ten years time, a great number of battles took place between the insurgents and the federal army. There was the proclamation of the Republic of Juliana. The Duke of Caxias intervened and managed to persuade the insurgents to sign a peace agreement in 1845.
|Dia do Gaúcho – 20 Setembro
|Cenas Revolução Farroupilha – Batalha do Seival
||Revolução Farroupilha – Inicio
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015