Dia do Trabalhador da Construção Civil
(Civil Construction Worker). Yesterday, on 25 October, was the Day of Civil Construction. Today, attention is paid to the construction workers. Recent numbers reveal that construction workers are becoming more educated (percentage of workers who didn’t finish primary school is decreasing rapidly), gaining more than average workers (salary increase is slightly above the inflation percentage), and more women participate in construction works. A government program (Programa Próximo Passo) will benefit about 150 thousand students with education to become construction workers.
|DIA DA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL
||Dia do profissional da construção civil – 26 de outubro
Death of painter Di Cavalcanti (1897-1976)
Emiliano Augusto Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Melo was born on 6 September 1897 in Rio de Janeiro. At young age, he already had painting classes with painter Gaspar Puga Garcia. Emiliano started to study Law, but he never had finished it. In São Paulo, he joined a small group of intellectuals and artists, who were responsible for the 1922 Semana de Arte (Art Week). Emilio’s first works were influenced by European styles. He then moved to Paris, to live in Montparnasse. He met various European Modernists, like Matisse and Picasso. Emiliano also visited Italy, in order to study Italian art. He then returned to Brazil and lived in Rio de Janeiro, where he dedicated himself to work on a more Brazilian art style. Meanwhile, he was jailed twice for his communist ties. He met his wife, Noêmia Mourão, when he was jailed. In 1937, the couple went to Paris, until the outbreak of WW II. His work became more Brazilian. In 1951, at the first Biennial, in Museu de Arte Moderna in São Paulo, featured Di Cavalcanti’s works. Two years later, his works were shown again. The cathedral in Brasília hosts the Via Sacra painted by Di Cavalcanti.
||Traçando Arte – Di Cavalcanti
|Arte de Di Cavalcanti em crônica musical
||DI CAVALCANTI do desenhista ao pintor
|DI CAVALCANTI – Obras e Releituras
||DI CAVALCANTI (2)
|Grandes Mestres (Di Cavalcanti)
||Quintal da Cultura – Di Cavalcanti
Participation of Brazil in the First World War.
On 5 April 1917, only one day before The United States entered WWI, the Brazilian vessel ‘Paraná’ was destroyed by a German submarine, near the French shoreline. Brazil was still reluctant to enter the war, because of the large German and Italian colonies in the south of Brazil. Besides, the Brazilian Foreign Minister, Lauro Muller, had German roots. On 18 October, the Brazilian vessel ‘Macau’ (previously confiscated from the Germans) was destroyed by a German submarine. This attack forced, enforced by massive anti-German protests, Brazilian president Wenceslau Braz to declare war to Germany. Lauro Muller was fired. The Brazilian Navy started to patrol on the Southern Atlantic Ocean and to sweep mines off the West African coast. A Brazilian Expedition Force was set up and about to go, when the armistice was signed. They eventually were about to go to Mesopotamia. However, few Brazilians participated in some battles on the European continent.
FIRST WORLD WAR
|WORLD WAR ONE (1 / 10): Call to Arms
||WORLD WAR ONE (2 / 10): Under the Eagle
|WORLD WAR ONE (3 / 10): Global War
||WORLD WAR ONE (4 / 10): Ultimate Jihad
|WORLD WAR ONE (5 / 10): Shackled to a Corpse
||WORLD WAR ONE (6 / 10): Breaking the Deadlock
|WORLD WAR ONE (7 /10): Blockade
||WORLD WAR ONE (8 / 10): Revolution
|WORLD WAR ONE (9 / 10): Germany’s Last Gamble
||WORLD WAR ONE (10 /10): Endless War
Birth of Washington Luis Pereira de Souza, president of Brazil (1926-1930)
Washington was born in Macaé (RJ0 and studied Law in São Paulo. He was invited to work as an attorney but preferred to work as a lawyer. He started his political career as a councilor in Batatais (SP), where we also became major. He then was elected Federal Congressman in 1900, but he didn’t have the proper certificates yet. In 1904, he was approved to be congressman. Two years later, however, he became State Secretary of Justice and Public Security. Between 1914 and 1919, Washington was major of the city of São Paulo. From 1920 to 1924, he was president of the State of São Paulo. He then commanded an army force that crushed a revolt. The rebels eventually formed the well-known Column of Julio Prestes. He then was senator (1924-1926), before he became president of Brazil in 1926. On 24 October 1930, a military coup forced Washington to step down. He then left Brazil for the United Kingdom and the United States, and only returned to Brazil in 1947. Washington died on 4 August 1957.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015
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