Graduation of the first baccharels of Law in Brazil.
The group consisted of five candidates, of which Antonio Simoens da Silva was one of them. Born in Bahia, he went to study in Coimbra, and to complete his law degree at Academia de São Paulo, at the faculty of Ciências Jurídicas. Only one month later, on 1 December, he was appointed as Juiz de Fora of Ilha Grande and Paraty (RJ). He eventually became Minister of The STJ (Superior Justice Tribune) in 1862.
Inauguration of the bondinho (cable car) to Pão de Açúcar in Rio de Janeiro
The Sugar Loaf Rock (Pão de Açúcar) is one of the registered landmarks of Rio de Janeiro. The monolith rock measures 396 meters and is located at Guanabara Bay. In 1908, engineer Augusto Ferreira Ramos was granted the construction of a cable car line from the base at Praia Vermelha to the top of nearby Morro da Urca, which is 220 meters high. The second cable car line was constructed between Morro da Urca and Pão de Açúcar. Because of national security, the third line, from Morro da Urca to Morro da Babilônia, was not realized. In 1910, construction of the first cable car line in Brazil was started. On 27 October 1912, 557 traveled to the top of Morro da Urca. The cable car had a capacity of 17 passengers. One year later, on 18 January 1913, the second cable car line, to the top of Pão de Açucar, was inaugurated.
BONDINHO PÃO de AÇÚCAR
|Sugarloaf Mountain Tour Rio Brazil
||Sugarloaf Mountain – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Documentário Bondinho do Pão de Açúcar pt1
||Documentário Bondinho do Pão de Açúcar pt 2
|Bondinho Pão de Açúcar – Rio de Janeiro – Brasil
||Pão de Açúcar – Os cem anos do bondinho
|Bondinho do Pão de Açúcar – Episódio 1
||Passeio no Bondinho do Pão de Açúcar. 09 de março de 2013. Filmagens.
Birth of Luis Inácio “Lula” da Silva, union leader and politician.
Lula was born in the village of Caetés, Guaranhuns (PE). At the age of 7, his family moved to a poor neighborhood in Guarujá (SP). Four years later, the family moved to the city of São PAulo. At the age of 12, Lula had his first job, as an ‘office boy’ and shoeshine boy. At the age of 14, he obtained his first registered job en eventually participated in technical courses in order to work as an operator in the metal industries. In 1975, Lula was elected as union leader. Four years later, a large-scale strike was suppressed by the police. This gave him the motivation to found the Workers’ Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores) in 1980. Another strike caused his 31-day-long detention, but didn’t stop the growing popularity of his new party. In 1986, Lula was elected congressman. In 1989, he participated in the first presidential elections after the 21-year-long dictatorship, but lost to Fernando Collor. Two years later, he was one of the driving forces behind the impeachment of his rival. In 1994 and 1998, Lula lost two presidential elections to Fernando Henrique Cardoso. In 2002, Lula won his fourth presidential election, and managed to be re-elected in 2006. He eventually became very popular among Brazilians. In 2011, Lula was diagnosed with laryngeal cancer. In 2010, Lula was succeeded by his fellow party member, Dilma Roussef.
|Lula Presidente – Fantástico de 27/10/2002 (Parte 1)
||Lula Presidente – Fantástico de 27/10/2002 (Parte 2)
|Entrevista de Lula ao Domingo Espetacular da Rede Record
||Entrevista exclusiva com Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
|Documentário argentino sobre Lula
||Lula no Ratinho
|Trailer do filme Lula, O Filho Do Brasil
||Lula o Filho do Brasil FILME COMPLETO
Ato Institucional nº 2 resulted in the extinction of Brazilian political parties.
In October 1965, Brazilians elected their state governors. The military dictators were shocked to notice that five governors had been elected, who were opposed against the military government. The military dictators answered with repressive measures. Ato Institucional Número Dois (Institutional Act 2) was published. With this law, the 1945 Constitution was suspended, political parties became extinct. Two new parties were created: Aliança Renovadora Nacional (ARENA) and Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (MDB), heavily controlled by the dictators. New indirect elections, by the National Congress, would be held for the successor of Castelo Branco. Emilio de Médici won these elections. The state of siege was installed for 180 days. The law became extinct on 15 March 1967, when the new Constitution came into effect.
“Como era esperado, veio o Ato Institucional completo. Isso pressupõe obviamente uma férrea união militar, somando todos os grupos de origem revolucionária, brandos e duros, em torno da afirmação do poder incontestável da Revolução. O Marechal Castelo Branco, que procurou alcançar os objetivos por persuasão, trocou suas táticas pelas dos radicais, munindo-se dos instrumentos de poder necessários para atingir as suas metas, o que não obteve da colaboração dos políticos” (Coluna do Castello, JB, 28 de outubro de 1965).
CASTELLO BRANCO & AI-2
|Assinatura do AI-2 pelo Marechal Castelo Branco
||Atos Institucionais – 3°Ano 2010 pat 1
|Ditadura no Brasil – Golpe Militar
||HISTÓRIA DO BRASIL: O GOVERNO DE CASTELO BRANCO
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015