Dia do Manequim
Dia Nacional do Hoteleiro
(Hotel owner). On 9 November 1936, The Associação Brasileira da Indústria de Hotéis (ABIH Nacional; Brazilian Association of Hotel Industry) was founded during the National Congress of Hotel Owners in Rio de Janeiro. On this day, the ABIH stimulates the members to offer at least 20 breakfasts to children in need. In the week surrounding this day, the ABIH hopes to have offered 7000 meals, and a large amount of bedlinen, towels, and recreation activities.
Death of father Diogo Antônio Feijó
Death of writer Cecília Meireles
She was the first Brazilian female author whose work was recognized by the Brazilian Academy of Literature.
Imperial Ball at Ilha Fiscal, Rio de Janeiro.
The Ball was organized to honor the officers of the Chilean vessel ‘Almirante Cochrane’, and was the last official representation of Dom Pedro II as Brazilian Emperor. Ilha Fiscal is located in the Guanabara Bay in Rio de Janeiro. About 4500 guests participated in this excessive party, which cost about ten percent of the annual budget for the province of Rio de Janeiro. The expenses were paid from a fund that was meant to battle the drought in the province of Ceará. Unconfirmed sources claim that the emperor fell, when he entered the ball room. He then might have stated: O monarca escorregou, mas a monarquia não caiu! (The monarch fell, but the monarchy did not!). The party ignited popular revolt and the proclamation of the Brazilian Republic, only 6 days later.
Realization of a republican reunion at Clube Militar, Rio de Janeiro
The reunion dealt with the plans to bring down the Brazilian monarchy and to install the Brazilian republic.
Symbolical start of the construction of Ponte Rio-Niterói by Queen Elizabeth II
Officially, the bridge is called Ponte Presidente Costa e Silva. The bridge was inaugurated on 4 April 1974. It is 13.3 km long and spans the Guanabara Bay between Rio de Janeiro and Niterói. More than 140 thousand motorized vehicles pass the bridge daily.
Creation of Telebrás, the Brazilian telecom company
The company was created by the federal government, in order to control the operation and the expansion of the Brazilian telephone system. In 1988, Telebrás was dismembered into Embratel and a number of smaller telecom companies, as a result of privatization policy. In 2011, Telebrás was created again, to be the backbone of a national project (Plano Nacional de Banda Larga; PNBL) that must provide broadband internet throughout Brazil before 2014.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015