Dia do Trigo
(Wheat). Wheat was the first crop that was grown by man. Wheat also gained religious status, by offering it to the God(s) in various religions. Wheat already was ground before the Greek era; the Greek and Romans improved grounding techniques. In 1534, wheat was imported in Brazil by the Portuguese. The expedition of Martim Afonso da Souza brought wheat grains to land, where they were first sown in the capitania of São Vicente.
Dia do Ruralismo
Dia da Nota Fiscal
(Receipt). In Brazil, you need to receive a nota fiscal for every transaction or service. This receipt is also essential for the calculation of the taxes. Even a simple supermarket receipt contains separate tax percentages of all products. Since 2004, the Brazilian Ministry of Treasury stimulates the electronic version: Nota Fiscal Eletrônica (NF-e). On their web site one may read how many electronic receipts have been authorized (5.7 billion on 9 November 2012)
Dia Nacional do Balconista
(Clerk). The Dia do Balconista was also held on 30 October.
Zionism is defined as a kind of racism, by the United Nations.
Arrival of the French expedition in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro.
ankomst van het Franse eskader, onder het commando van Nicolau Durand de Villegaignon, in de Baai van Guanabara. This expedition force was commanded by Nicolau Durand de Villegaignon. The location of future Rio de Janeiro was occupied by the French, who founded their colony French Antarctica. The settlement on Ilha de Serigipe was renamed into Henriville, honoring French king Henri III. Two years later, more French would arrive. Eventually, the French were ousted from Rio de Janeiro. It occurred in 1560, by the Portuguese forces, commanded by MEm de Sá.
“Na ilhota de 100 léguas ou 30 mil metros quadrados, Villegaignon aportara em 10 de novembro de 1555 com duas naus, 140 homens, nenhuma mulher e um sonho: criar uma extensão tropical da França na Guanabara, seio do mar , na língua dos tamoios, indios moradores dali. Conseguiu. Os franceses, a maioria prisioneiros arrebanhados nas masmorras de Paris, se aliaram aos nativos. Juntos, construíram 19 casinhas de sapê com telhados de palha e duas pequenas fortalezas sobre os dois únicos montes de pedra da ilha.”
Imperial vessel ‘Marquês de Olinda’ boarded by Paraguayan troops.
The crew was captured. This action, ordered by the Paraguayan government, headed by dictator Francisco Solano Lopez, became the start of the war of triple Alliance (Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay) against Paraguay. In 1870, following the death of the dictator, Paraguay surrendered. The small country suffered significantly during the war.
Installation of Getúlio Vargas as president of the Third Brazilian Republic, the Novo Estado.
Getúlio was the leader of the Revolution in 1930, which helped him in power. In 1937, Getúlio accepted the presidency. He then dismantled the Congresso Nacional (Brazilian Congress). The dictatorial era of Vargas would last until 1945.
Announcement of the Third Republican Constitutional Law in Brazil.
Following the installation Getúlio Vargas as president, and the shut-down of the Congress, the new constitutional law was introduced. It would provide Getúlio more presidential powers. Political parties were forbidden, and decrees were issued, which ignited large-scale industrialization in Brazil.
Vargas reads the new
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015