Dia Mundial da Diabetes
(World Diabetes Day). On 14 November 1891, the discoverer of insulin was born: Canadian Sir Frederic Banting (1891-1941). On 31 October 1920, the described the idea to isolate an extract from canine pancreas. In October 1921, insulin was discovered. In 1923, Sir Frederic, together with his mentor MacLeod, the Nobel Prize for Medicine. Since 1991. the World Diabetes Day is organized by the International Diabetes Federation. On 20 December 2006, diabetes was recognized by the General Assembly of the United Nations as a chronic disease with social consequences. In addition, it was decided that World Diabetes Day should be held on 14 November, as a UN-day. Diabetes is a worldwide problem; it is estimated that more 346 million people have diabetes. This number is likely to more than double by 2030 without intervention. Almost 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Theme for 2007 and 2008 was:
“Year of the Child”
This campaign had the intention to provide more attention to the growing number of children with diabetes.
Theme for 2012 is:
“Diabetes: protect our future”
|World Diabetes Day Awareness Video
||World Diabetes Day: Understand Diabetes, Get Involved
||2010 BiG Blue Test (diabetes): test, get active, test again, share
Dia Nacional da Alfabetização
(Literacy). It is only some decades ago that a significant share of the Brazilian population was illiterate. A large number of Brazilian elderly (more than thirty percent!) never took or had the opportunity to learn to read and write. Most of these elderly live in the poorer Northeastern and Northern regions. On the other hand, Brazilian children are obliged to attend school and will learn to read and write. It does not say that all children are attending school. The government is endorsing the remaining five percent to attend school, with large-scale projects such as Bolsa Família: relatives receive a bonus (basic food ingredients) when their children attend school. Recent numbers (2011) show that 8.6 percent of Brazilians is illiterate. A small part of this decrease was related to the death of illiterate elderly. The major part was related to literacy programs. In 2005, these programs were attended by 1.5 million Brazilians. Of them, forty percent no longer need to feel ashamed to be illiterate. The international literacy day is on 8 September.
|Luísa e as primeiras letras – Dia Nacional da Alfabetização
||Governo lança Pacto Nacional pela Alfabetização na Idade Certa
Dia dos Bandeirantes
(Pioneers). This day is attributed to Brazilian pioneers, who explored the Brazilian inland. Initially, they searched for indian slaves; eventually, they searched for earth’s riches, such as gold, diamonds, and gemstones.
|O Brasil dos Bandeirantes
||Entradas e Bandeiras – Histórias do Brasil (4/10)
Death of Princesa Isabel, former regent of Brazil, in Paris.
Princess Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Bragança e Bourbon (1846-1921) was the second daughter of emperor Dom Pedro II and empress Tereza Cristina. During the reign of her father Dom Pedro II, she was regent during three short periods in 1871-1872, 1876-1877, and 1887-1888. During her regencies, Isabel had to deal with a number of decisions that were decisive for Brazil. We signed the famous Lei Áurea, which abolished slavery in Brazil. Shortly after the proclamation of the Republic of Brazil, on 15 November 1889, the imperial family was expelled. They moved to France. Her mortal remains, together with those of her husband, returned to Brazil on 6 July 1953.
|Princesa Isabel (1/2) – De Lá Pra Cá – 22/05/2011
||Princesa Isabel (2/2) – De Lá Pra Cá – 22/05/2011
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015