Dia Mundial da DPOC
(World COPD Day). This day is organized by the WHO-associated Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). The first COPD-day was held in 002; since then, the COPD Day is on the second or third Wednesday in November, as determined by GOLD. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is an umbrella term for lung emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and some forms of asthma. Predominantly environmental factors may cause emphysema, while only a small percentage may be related to genetic abnormalities. Environmental factors are tobacco smoke, wood smoke, asbestos, sawdust, mine dust, etcetera. COPD is a silent killer: clinical symptoms may be overt at later age, it gradually squeezes the lungs and has no mercy. Smoking-related emphysema only has one drastic remedy: never start smoking. Smokers better stop immediately, since there is (still) no cure; however, treatments are more effective, and may alleviate and prolong the patient’s life significantly.
Theme of 2007 was:
‘Breathless, but not helpless!’
Theme of 2012 is:
‘It’s not too late!’
- More information: GOLD
- Video about COPD, spirometry. Go to Pazienti, Animazione Divulgative (COPD ENG)
- Link to Brazilian COPD Association (Associação Brasileira Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica)
|Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
||COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [HD]
|Breathless? Persistent Cough? Don’t let it go unchecked…
||Exercise and COPD (subtitled)
Dia da Tradição Oral
(Oral tradition). In our modern world of information technology, it is already beyond imagination to transfer our knowledge orally. And yet it is only few centuries ago that oral tradition was the only form of transferring knowledge to others. However, for instance in some African cultures, oral tradition is still very common.
|The Oral Tradition of Storytelling
||“Histórias”- Stories -part 01 oral traditions
||[Grupo ANIMA] Canto das fiandeiras (oral tradition, Brazil)
|The Iroquois: The Oral Tradition
||Story of India 1 – Oral Traditions (excerpt)
Dia do Não Fumar
(Non-smoking). Smokers have to suffer from the days with themes against them: A Tobacco-Free World (31 May), COPD (two days ago), and now the Non-Smoking Day. This is justified, since too many people suffer and even die of this terrible habit. According to numbers of the Brazilian Cancer Institute INCA (Instituto Nacional de Câncer) more than 200 thousand Brazilians die annually due to the consequences of smoking. This number equals to 23 people dying per HOUR. Other impressive numbers: Due to smoking behavior: 25% of all deaths in Brazil related to (coronary) heart diseases, 85 % of all deaths related to COPD, 90% of all deaths related to lung cancer, 30% of all deaths related to other cancer types. Second hand smokers have 30% more chance to get long cancer, and 24% more chance to get heart problems.
|Dia do Não Fumador
Dia Internacional da Tolerância
(International Day for Tolerance). A day to reflect about our tolerance limits. In 1996, this day was introduced by the United Nations, as a consequence of the International Year of Tolerance in 1995. On 16 November 1995, the fiftieth anniversary of the UNESCO, The ‘Declaration of Principles of Tolerance‘ was accepted by 185 countries.
A quote of former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan (2005):
“In a world of intense economic competition, shifting populations and shrinking distances, the pressures of living together with people of different cultures and different beliefs from one’s own are very real.”
In addition, the statement of the General Director of the UNESCO, Koïchiro Matsuura:
“To further the values of tolerance, UNESCO is implementing a global integrated strategy to combat racism, discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.”
INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR TOLERANCE
|International Day of Tolerance — Nov. 16
||International Day Of Tolerance 2011
|TODAY IN HISTORY – International Day of Tolerance – 16 Nov 2011
Decree No. 2: announcement of the end of the Imperial Dynasty and the expulsion of the Imperial Family.
Head of the provisional government of the United States of Brazil, marshal Manoel Deodoro de Fonseca, issued decree 2, with the clear message for the imperial family. That day, at 3 pm, former emperor Pedro II received the personal message that he and his family had to leave Brazil. The imperial family departed the next day.
BRAZILIAN IMPERIAL FAMILY
|Dom Pedro II : Família Imperial
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015