Dia Nacional de Combate ao Racismo
(Combat against racism). The UN Day of Combat against Racism is on 21 March. On that day, it is commemorated that a peaceful march against apartheid was held in South Africa in 1960. In Brazil, another Day of Combat against Racism is om 13 May. On that day, in 1888, the famous Lei Aúrea was signed by princess-regent Isabel. This law made a definitive end to slavery in Brazil, the last country in the world to end with slavery. Also today, the day is about combat against racism.
Dia do Conselheiro Tutelar
(Child protection). A Conselho Tutelar is a municipal council that defends the rights and interests of children and adolescents. This independent council consists of five members that are elected by the community. The council acts according the Statute for the Child and Adolescent, and monitors the implementation and interpretation. There is another Dia do Conselheiro Titular, on 13 May, the day on which the law (Lei nº. 8.069/90) was published.
Foundation of Embratur.
Per Decree no. 55, Empresa Brasileira de Turismo (Embratur) was founded. Tourism has become an important industry, also for Brazil. The relatively big distance between Europe and the United States make many people hesitate to visit Brazil. About six million tourists vist Brazil annually. Not surprisingly, most tourists visit Brazil during Carnival.
“Define a política nacional de turismo, cria o Conselho Nacional de Turismo e a Empresa Brasileira de Turismo e dá outras providências”. (decreto-lei no 55)
Foundation of the Brazilian Order van Lawyers.
The Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil (OAB) was founded per decree (Decreto n.º 19.408, art 17), issued by President Getúlio Vargas. Vargas was head of the Privisional Government, which ruled the country after the military coup. All lawyers are obliged to have themselves registered at the OAB.
Death of sculptor Aleijadinho (1730-1814).
Antônio Francisco Lisboa, better known as Aleijadinho, had a Portuguese father and a slave as his mother. He is considered as the most significant Brazilian artist of the Baroque Era. Most of his creations are located in the cities of Ouro Preto and Congonhas (MG). See for an overview of his works: Museu do Aleijadinho
|Aleijadinho, parte 1
||Aleijadinho, parte 2
|Aleijadinho, parte 3
||Aleijadinho, parte 4|
WBA world boxing title (bantam weight) for Éder Jofre (1936)
In Los Angeles, Éder beat Mexican boxer Eloy Sanchez with a knock-out. In 1956, he participated at the Summer Olympic Games in Melbourne. Shortly thereafter, he started his professional career. From 1960 to 1965, Éder was WBA world champion. Éder is one of the few boxers with fifty or more knock-outs in his career. Following his professional boxing career, Éder worked as a boxing coach and now owns a number of supermarkets.
|HOMENAGEM – 54 anos do primeiro título mundial de Éder Jofre
||Eder Jofre vs Eloy Sanchez 1960 11 18
|EDER JOFRE – O GRANDE CAMPEAO
|| Aos 78 anos, lutador Éder Jofre enfrenta o drama da perda da memória
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015