Dia do Diabético
(Diabetes patient). Although the International Diabetes Day was held on 14 November, this Diabetes Day is still listed on the Brazilian calendar. On 14 November, as on many locations worldwide, various Brazilian monuments and government buildings had been illuminated by blue light. Among them, Cristo Redentor in Rio de Janeiro.
Dia Nacional da Homeopatia/ Dia do Homeopata
(Brazilian Day of Homeopathy/ homeopath). This discipline of medical sciences is relatively young. Homeopathy, as we are familiar with ow, was introduced by German physician Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), at the end of the 18th century. Hahnemannn was translation a work written by Scottish physician William Cullen, when he experimented a natural treatment against malaria. This resulted in the principle of homeopathy:
SIMILIA, SIMILIBUS, CURENTUR
like cures like.
A treatment that can cause symptoms with healthy persons, might serve as a medication for sick people, in which the same symptoms have been induced. Hahnemann died in Paris at the age of 88. In 1840, French physician Benoît Jules Mure (1809-1858) arrived, together with 100 French families, in Rio de Janeiro, in order to found a colony. Benoît received the license to found his colony in Santa Catarina, on the Saí Peninsula. The day of his arrival in Saí was on 21 November. Benoît shared his knowledge about homeopathy with other physicians in Brazil. Two years later, he returned to Rio de Janeiro, where he founded Instituto Homeopático do Brasil (Brazilian Homeopathic Institute). In 1848, he returned to Europe.
Dia das Saudações
(Greetings). Greetings as eye openers, as a form of politeness. Whatever language you might learn, the greetings are covered in the first lessons. Below are the Portuguese greetings with the English translations next to them.
|Bom dia||Good morning|
|Boa tarde||Good day|
|Boa noite||Good night|
|Até logo||See you soon|
|Até breve||See you later|
|De nada||Your welcome|
|Desculpe , com licença||Excuse me|
|Boa sorte||Good luck|
Dia da Saudade do Jornalista Falecido
(Memory of the Dead Journalist). On 21 November 1830, Italian-Brazilian liberal journalist Libero Badaró was murdered in São Paulo. See below.
Dia Mundial da Televisão
(World Television Day). Television is a very powerful medium; it has become an essential part of our society. We usually watch TV for a couple of hours every day, and we watch the world that reaches far beyond our streets. We might zap throughout the world, easily climb the Towers of Babel. Images say a lot more than sounds can. On 17 December 1996, the United Nations General Assembly decided to introduce World Television Day on 21 November, commemorating the day in 1996, on which the first World Television Forum was held.
Journalist Líbero Badaró murdered in São Paulo.
Italian-born Giovanni Battista Libero Badaró (1798-1830) had studied Medicine, before he arrived in Brazil in 1826. In São Paulo, Giovanni founded a liberal newspaper: O Observador Constitutional. In fact, he was a republican: the political situation and the emperor were much criticized by him. During a manifestation of liberal students, Giovanni was murdered. One suspect was arrested: a member of the judicial court who apparently felt attacked by Giovanni’s newspaper. He was acquitted due to lack of evidence. Historians believe that the emperor sent the order to murder Giovanni. Emperor Pedro I became embarrassed, the murder contributed to his abdication. Few months later, he abdicated, in favor of his five-year-old son, Pedro II. Giovanni is considered as a martyr of free press. his final words were:
“Morre um liberal, mas não morre a liberdade”
A liberal dies, but the freedom lives on.
Publication of the book “Brasil: Nunca Mais”, containing a list of 444 torturers.
In 1985, Brazil was recently freed of the dictators who had governed Brazil for 21 years. Brazilians did and don’t want to be remembered too much of that harsh period. It was quite shocking when the book with the list of 444 torturing military officers and security agents was published. Composer of this book was Dom Paulo Evaristo Arns. His data are based upon six years of research by various investigators, whose identity still is kept secret by the arch diocese of São Paulo, who took the initiative.
Presentation of Bossa Nova in New York.
American people met the Bossa Nova style, thanks to a show by João Gilberto and Tom Jobim, among others, in the renown Carnegie Hall.
For the Bossa Nova fans:
Launch of a Sonda IV rocket.
From the – former – rocket launch base in Natal, the first (Parangaba Project) of a series of four launches (1984-1989) wich a small two-stage Sonda-IV rocket was performed. One of these launches failed. By means of these VLS rockets (Veículo Lançamento de Satélites) small satellites had been brought in their orbit around the earth.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015