Dia Mundial do Vovô
(Grandfather). In Brazil, the grandparent’s day was celebrated on 26 July, the feast day of the saints Ana and Joaquim, parents of Maria, grandparents of Jesus. Some sources mention 26 July as Dia da Vovó (grandmother) and 24 November as Dia do Vovô (grandfather).
Dia Nacional dos Rios
Dia do Quadro Auxiliar de Oficiais
(Officers’ Support Unit). This army unit was created per presidential decree (84.333) on 20 December 1979. Antônio João Ribeiro had been chosen as patron of this army unit. Lieutenant Antônio João Ribeiro, born on 23 November 1823, was leading a small reconnaissance unit of 15 soldiers, in order to gather information of the advancing Paraguayan invasion army, at the start of the Paraguayan War. He ordered to have the civilians evacuated and fought against the invaders until his death on 29 December 1964. His famous words were:
Sei que morro, mas meu sangue e o dos meus companheiros servirá de protesto solene contra a invasão do solo de minha Pátria.
I know that I’ll die, but my blood and that of my comrades will serve as a solemn protest against the invasion of my motherland.
Olinda (PE) set on fire by Dutch invaders.
Departure of Dom Pedro I to participate in the Platina War, in Uruguay.
Birth of poet João Cruz e Sousa.
Soldiers of the ANL (Aliança Nacional Libertadora) seized power in Recife during the Intentona Comunista (Communist Conspiracy),
Intentona Comunista, also known as Revolta Vermelha de 35 (the 1935 Red Uprising) or Levante Comunista (Comunist Uprising), started in November 1935 with a coup attempt against President Getúlio Vargas. The uprising started in Natal, extended to Recife, and ended in Rio de Janeiro. The ANL, led by Luis Carlos Prestes, gained little support from the people and the army. The rebels were defeated, and as a result the state of siege was declared by Vargas at the end of 1935. He managed to strengthen his power and remained in office until 1945
Federal intervention in all Brazilian states – except Minas Gerais – per decree by president Getúlio Vargas.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015