Dia do Imigrante Japonês
(Japanese migrant). On June 18, 1908, the Japanese vessel Koto Maru arrived in Santos, with 781 migrants aboard. They literally came from the other end of the planet, to work in Brazil. One century later, the Japanese migrant community (migrants and the younger generations) counts more than 1.5 million people. It is considered as the largest Nikkei community, outside Japan. Most Japanese migrants went to the states of São Paulo and Paraná. The Japanese introduced their culture into Brazil: there are annual Japan festivals, and Japanese food is very popular in Brazil. The Brazilian national flip flop, the havaiana, is inspired upon the traditional Japanese slippers. Many Japanese descendants have returned to the roots of their (grand)parents: Japan. As a result, more than 300 thousand so-called dekasseguis (Brazilian Japanese) now live in Japan, and is considered the second-largest Brazilian community, outside Brazil.
BRAZIL, LAND OF THE RISING SUN
Dia do Químico
(Chemist). On June 18, 1956, The Conselho Federal, and the Conselhos Regionais de Química (Federal and Regional councils for Chemistry) were founded. Until the end of the 18th century, Portugal did not have any tradition with chemistry in general. Also in Brazil, it lasted until 1811, when Chemistry was lectured for the first time, at the former Royal Military Academy. Shorty after WW I, more Chemistry was lectured at various institutions spread over the country. But only for a short period. Only from 1930, Chemistry was lectured at university level.
Dia Internacional do Piquenique
(Picnic). Already in the Medieval Era, hunting events went along with picnics. The Victorian etiquette (19th century) dictated picnics should be held at locations with interesting landscapes and in estate gardens that are rich in colorful flowers. The English were convinced that an open air picnic should be as good as it would have been organized at home. Therefore, they carried everything from their home, including expensive cutlery and table linen. In the Romantic Era, such picnics were immortalized in the books by Charles Dickens, and in the paintings by Monet and Cézanne. There exist different types of picnic events all over the world. For many Europeans, a picnic is a light open air meal, For Americans, picnic is a party for the children, with simple dishes. And also Japan and China have their own picnic traditions. Brazil does not have a rich picnic tradition, because of the dangers in the forests and along the riversides. However, in recent years, picnicking appears to have gained popularity in Brazil.
Death of composer Nélson Cavaquinho (1911- 1986).
Nélson Cavaquinho is the artistic name of Nelson Antônio da Silva, from Rio de Janeiro. His father and uncle were musicians, and Nélson soon became acquainted with local musicians. They teached him to play a cavaquinho (string instrument), and soon he showed his talent and therefore gained his nickname. He started to play for a larger audience in the sixties, and produced his first LP in 1970. Nélson has composed more than 600 songs, mainly about the guitar, women, bars, and death. He died of pulmonary emphysema at the age of 74.
Death of poet Fagundes Varela (1875)
Reorganization of Partido Comunista do Brasil (Brazilian Communist Party)
Birth of Fernando Henrique Cardoso, president of Brazil (1995-2003).
Fernando was born in Rio de Janeiro, but has lived in São Paulo for most of his life. He is educated as a sociologist and has lectured in Brazil, Chile, France, United Kingdom, and the United States. Fluent in four languages and having written several scientific books, Fernando has gained worldwide reputation. In 1983, he started his political career as a senator for the State of São Paulo. In 1992, he became Minister of External Relations under President Itamar Franco. In 1993, he moved to the Ministry of Finance, where he stayed until 1994. In that year, Fernando won the presidential elections, and was re-elected in 1998. In both elections, he beat Luíz Inácio Lula da Silva, who succeeded him in 2003.
FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO
|Programa do Jô com Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) · Parte 1 (sobre: governo FHC; visita oficial à Inglaterra; Crise da Economia Mundial)
||Programa do Jô com Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) · Parte 2 (sobre a Crise da Economia Mundial)
|Programa do Jô com Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) · Parte 3 (sobre a Crise da Economia Mundial)
||Programa do Jô com Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) · Parte 4 (sobre a Crise da Economia Mundial; George Bush e Barack Obama; governo de FHC)
|Programa do Jô com Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) · Parte Final (sobre: amenidades)
||Fernando Henrique Cardoso – Íntegra
|Cientistas do Brasil Fernando Henrique Cardoso
||Presente no Futuro 2012 – Fernando Henrique Cardoso
|Dr Drauzio entrevista Fernando Henrique Cardoso Dr Drauzio Varella
||Fernando Henrique Cardoso no Roda Viva
Arrival of the first Japanese migrants at the Port of Santos.
Foundation of Missão de Fé Apostólica (future Assembléia de Deus) by Swedish missionaries
Division of Brazil in four time zones, by president Hermes da Fonseca
Creation of Conselho Federal de Química (Federal Council of Chemistry).
Foundation of Associação Brasileira da Indústria Gráfica (Brazilian Association of Graphical Industry)
Shopping Center Holanda (São Paulo) destroyed by fire.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015