Dia do Despachante Aduaneiro
(Customs officer). The professional checks everything what is being transported to or from the country, including the luggage of passengers. Since 1850, customs officers have been active in Brazil. The custom officers work for the Receita Federal, the Brazilian Federal Ministry of Treasury.
Dia do Motociclista
(Motor Rider, Biker). It was decided by the ABRAM (Associação Brasileira de Motociclistas; Brazilian Association of Motor Riders) in 1998, to introduce the Dia do Motociclista. Since there were more data commemorating motor riders, July 27 was chosen, because this day – already introduced in 1982 – refers to a fatal road accident with a motor technician involved, on July 27, 1974.
Dia de Pediatria/ do Pediatra
(Pediatrics / Pediatrician). On July 27, 1910, the Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria was founded, the Brazilian Society for Pediatrics. At present, the society counts more than 25 thousand members, and publishes a monthly scientific magazine, the “Jornal de Pediatria”.
Dia Nacional de Prevenção dos Acidentes de Trabalho
(Prevention of Occupational Accidents). On July 27, 1972, a law was introduced, by the former minister of Labor, Júlio Barata. The law obligates companies with more than 100 employees to install an occupational health worker and an employment specialist. Brazil became the first country with this kind of law.
Foundation of the city of São José dos Campos (SP).
On April 22, 1864, the village was elevated to the status of a city. In 1872, the city counted 13 inhabitants only, among them about one thousand slaves. At present, the city, at about 90 km from São Paulo, and 310 km from Rio de Janeiro, counts more than 500 thousand inhabitants. The city hosts various research institutions, like Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA; institute for space research) and Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE; national institute for meteorology and space research).
Creation of the municipality of Palmyra – MG (future Santos Dumont)
Santos Dumont is located halfway the route between Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro. During the colonial period, when precious metals and stones were extracted from Minas Gerais, a shorter, faster, and a safer route had to be found, to secure the transports to Portugal. Around 1730, a settlement was founded with the name João Gomes. On July 1889, the municipality of Palmyra was founded. Early 20th century, the village grew significantly, partly due to the influx of migrants from Italy, Portugal, and the Lebanon. The most famous inhabitant ever was aviation pioneer Alberto Santos Dumont. Shortly after Alberto’s death, the Palmyra was renamed into Santos Dumont. The motto of the city is:
Santos Dumont a cidade que deu asas ao mundo.
Santos Dumont, the city who gave wings to the world.
(Photo gallery Santos Dumont)
Death of Ana Martinha da Silva, at the age of 123
According to Dona Ana, she was born in 1876 in Chapada dos Guimarães, nearby Cuiabá, capital of the state of Mato Grosso. As a daughter of a slave, she became registered at the age of four. Rankbrasil, Brazilian counterpart of Guinness Book of Records, has acknowledged her age of 123 years and 337 at the time of her death, and thus recognized her as the oldest woman in Brazil ever. From the state of Mato Grosso, Dona Ana received a house with three rooms and a pension, about one year before her death. She was a maid and a cook, until the age of 103. Her husband died early, when her nine children were still young. Three of them were still alive when she died. Dona Ana died of multiple organ failure.
Silver medal for Sebastián Cuattrin at Pan American Games (canoeing).
Sebastián was born in Argentina, but is a naturalized Brazilian. He gained one gold, five silver, and two bronze medals with various canoeing disciplines at the Pan American Games in 1999, 2003, and 2007.
Gold medal for Brazilian equestrian team at Pan American Games (show jumping)
The Brazilian team gained a silver medal at the 2011 Pan American Games. One team member, Rodrigo Pessoa, gained a silver medal in the individual discipline.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015