Dia do Maçom
(Freemason). According to the dictionary of Freemasonry, the actual Freemasonry was founded in London, on June 24, 1717. The origin of the word – maçom in Portuguese, maçon in French, Metz in German – is to be traced back in the work of mason. The origin of freemasonry is found in the legends of Isis and Osiris in the Egyptian Era. In addition, roots of freemasonry are to be found in the Order of the Templar and the Brotherhood of the Rosary. In 1723, the Anglican vicar James Anderson published the constitution that now still is considered as the basis of freemasonry. The date of August 20 is not random, but in fact also not the exact date: It was predicted that on the 20th day of the sixth masonic month of masonic year 5822, the independence of Brazil would be declared by Freemasons. The masonic year has 4000 years difference with the Gregorian calendar. However, there is a deviation of 20 days in 4000 years time, the predicted date should then be September 9. Freemasons Dom Pedro I and José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva were the architects of the independence of Brazil, on September 7, 1822. The day of August 20 was maintained as the Dia do Maçom.
|History of Freemasonry Part 1
||History of Freemasonry Part 2
|History of Freemasonry Part 3
||History of Freemasonry Part 4
|History of Freemasonry Part 5
||History of Freemasonry Part 6
|Freemason Symbols and Secrets:
|Freemason Symbols and Secrets:
|História da Maçonaria no Brasil-Parte-1
||História da Maçonaria no Brasil-Parte-2
|Freemasons Ritual Video
||Secret History of the Freemasons
Dia do Vizinho
(Neighbors). This day has been introduced by Cora Coralina (see below), in Goiãs in 1977, to honor her helpful neighbors. There were attempts to have this day on the national calendar. But there is already a Dia do Vizinho, on December 23…
Birth of poet Cora Coralina (1889-1985).
Ana Lins do Guimarães Peixoto Brêtas, her genuine name, was born in the state of Goiás. Already at the age of 14, Cora wrote her first poem: Tragédia da Roça. She escaped her parental house in 1911, and moved to São Paulo. There she married her beloved, in 1926. He died in 1934. In 1956, Cora returned to Goiás, where she dedicated herself to write poetry about life in general, and the things around her. Another famous poet, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, was a great admirer of her work.
|Documentário Cora Coralina
||120 anos de Cora Coralina-
|Cora Coralina (1/2) – De Lá Pra Cá
||Cora Coralina (2/2) – De Lá Pra Cá
|Cora Coralina – TV integração
Canal 11 – Alto Araguaia-MT
|Cora Coralina, O Chamado das Pedras
|Poeminha Amoroso – Cora Coralina
||Não sei – Cora Coralina
Este é um poema de amor
tão meigo, tão terno, tão teu…
É uma oferenda aos teus momentos
de luta e de brisa e de céu…
quero te servir a poesia
numa concha azul do mar
ou numa cesta de flores do campo.
Talvez tu possas entender o meu amor.
Mas se isso não acontecer,
Já está declarado e estampado
nas linhas e entrelinhas
deste pequeno poema,
o tão famoso e inesperado verso que
te deixará pasmo, surpreso, perplexo…
eu te amo, perdoa-me, eu te amo…”
Hero Maria Quitéria decorated with the Imperial Ordem do Cruzeiro.
Maria Quitéria de Jesus Medeiros (±1792 – 1853) was born near the Bahian city of Feira de Santana. She lost her mother at early age, she never entered school. She learned horse riding, hunting, and the use of fire arms at the fazenda. She enlisted the Brazilian army by pretending to be a man. He used some kind of a Scottish skirt over her uniform. She participated in battles, and even managed to survive an ambush and capture the Portuguese soldiers. Maria was hailed as a hero in Salvador, she received the imperial decorations on August 20. After this, she married and had a daughter. Her husband died early, Maria died at the age of 61, completely forgotten, in Salvador in August 1853.
“Querendo conceder a D. Maria Quitéria de Jesus o distintivo que assinala os Serviços Militares que com denodo raro, entre as mais do seu sexo, prestara à Causa da Independência deste Império, na porfiosa restauração da Capital da Bahia, hei de permitir-lhe o uso da insígnia de Cavaleiro da Ordem Imperial do Cruzeiro“.
|MARIA QUITÉRIA: A MULHER NA HISTÓRIA
||Construtores Brasil – Maria Quitéria
Birth of Frei Caneca.
Frei Joaquim do Amor Divino Caneca was born in Recife, under the name Joaquim da Silva Rabelo. His father produced barrels and cans, hence his nickname ‘Caneca’. At the age of 17, Joaquim became carmelite, and named himself Joaquim do Amor Divino Caneca, five years later. Joaquim was one of greatest literary thinkers at the time of the Brazilian independence. He was one of the thriving forces behind the Confederação do Equador, an alliance of some northeastern states against the imperial dominance. In 1825, Frei Caneca was condemned to death. He was not hung (three different men refused this ‘work’), but he was shot, in Fort das Cinco Pontas, Recife.
Commercial activities permitted (at limited scale) on Sundays, by decree.
One year later, this decree was recalled, and reintroduced again in 1992. Five years later the decree became elaborated, to the introduction of the law in 2000, which officially allowed commercial activities on Sundays.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015