Dia da Consciência Nacional
Dia da Pintura
||CANDIDO PORTINARI –
Obras e Releituras
|Tarsila do Amaral –
Obras e Releituras
|Vídeo sobre as Obras de
|DI CAVALCANTI –
Obras e Releituras 1
|DI CAVALCANTI –
Obras e Releituras 2
|Museu Nacional de Belas Artes –
Rio de Janeiro
Dia da Televisão
(Television). On February 26, 1926, the first TV broadcast was performed by Scotsman John Logie Baird. On September 18, 1950, the first Brazilian broadcast was performed by TV Tupi, Canal 4. But the Day of Television is celebrated on August 11, because the patron saint of the TV, Saint Clara, was born on this day.
TV IN BRAZIL
|Sixty years tv in Brazil (1/2)
||Sixty years tv in Brazil (2/2)
Dia do Advogado
(Lawyer). “He who is called to help” is the original meaning of the word ‘advocate’. The first lawyers described in history were the lawyers of the Greek Era. It is not clear who was the very first lawyer: Pericles or Antifonte. Also the Romans had an elaborate judicial system with lawyers. On August 1887, the first two Brazilian Law Faculties were inaugurated: one in Olinda, and one in São Paulo. That is why today is also the Dia do Direito, Dia do Magistrado, Dia do Pendura and the Dia do Estudante.
Dia do Magistrado
Dia do Direito
Dia do “Pendura”
(“Pendura”). The term ‘pendura’ has a direct link with the foundation of the law faculty, the law students, and the waiters. According to a long-time tradition law students in São Paulo are allowed to drink and to eat for free today. The tradition prescribes that the choice of the restaurant, the choice of the table, and the choice of the menu takes place in absolute discretion. This is the original pendura. However, the restaurant owner should be informed before. The term ‘pendura’ is derived from “estar na pendura”, or: no penny to spend.
“Garçom, tire a conta da mesa e ponha um sorriso no rosto.
Seria muita avareza cobrar do 11 de agosto”
(Waiter, take this bill from our table, and show a smile on your face.
You are a miser if we need to pay on August 11)
Dia do Estudante
(Student). In contrast to most American and European scholars, it is very hard for a Brazilian student to be admitted to a university. The level of public secondary schools does not fit to the level required to enter the university. The private schools are far too expensive. Many scholars do preparation courses for the vestibular. The vestibular is the final exam, to gain admission to the university. The best students of the first round may continue in the second round. The best of round two, are then allowed to the university courses. You need to have excellent results to pass these two exams. Due to the high requirements, the student enjoys a high status. Therefore it is not surprising that the graduation, the Formatura, is celebrated with big and expensive parties. The International Student Day is on November 17.
Dia do Garçom
(Garçon/ Waiter). The first garçons were found in Rio de Janeiro, and that explains the French origin of the word (There was a significant French influence in Rio de Janeiro at that time) . In that era, the waiters had another function, besides their bar and restaurant activities: they had to keep an eye upon the clients that no one was trespassing the rules. For example: it was strictly forbidden to kiss…
“Hoje não precisa beber pra abraçar o garçom”.
(Today you do not need to be drunk to hug a waiter)
Dia do Hoteleiro
Dia Internacional da Logosofia
(International Day of Logosophy). Logosophy is the science that studies the total of mankind: the mental, psychological, and the spiritual status. Logosophy was introduced by the Argentinian Carlos Bernardo González Pecotche, better known as “Raumsol”. He was born on August 11, 1901, in Buenos Aires. He created the logosophy according to his concept of human life: God, the Universe and the Laws. In 1930, Raumsol founded the Logosophic Society, to make logosophy more known in the world. Logosophic thinking is that complex, than many wish to know the source of Raumsols reasons. The principles of logosophy are: conscientious evolution of man, self exploration and knowledge of the self, integration with the spirit, knowledge of the Universal Laws, knowledge of the mental, transcendent or metaphysical laws, the creation of an improved life, and predestination, the better control of study methods. Raumsol died in 1963.
Opening of the Faculties of Law in Olinda, and in São Paulo. See above.
“Dom Pedro Primeiro, por graça de Deus e unânime aclamação dos Povos, Imperador Constitucional e Defensor Perpétuo do Brasil.
Fazemos saber a todos os nossos súditos que a Assembléia Geral Decretou e nós queremos a lei seguinte:
Art. 1º – Crear-se-hão dous cursos de Ciências Jurídicas e Sociais, um na cidade deSão Pauloe outro na deOlindae neles no espaço de cinco anos e em nove Cadeiras, se ensinarão as matérias seguintes […]
Dada no Palácio doRio de Janeiroaos onze dias do mês de agosto de mil oitocentos e vinte e sete, Sexto da Independência.
Imperador Pedro Primeiro“.
Law faculty in Olinda (PE)
Law faculty in São Paulo (SP)
Caras-Pintadas in São Paulo.
Caras-Pintadas, their faces painted with the colors of the Brazilian flag, are tightly linked to the impeachment of the first president elected, after two decades of dictatorship: Fernando Collor. His short presidency was associated with chaotic policy, loss of control of economic stability, and examples of political manipulation. Public opinion and pressure, and thanks to influential media giants as “Veja” and “Globo” , the impeachment procedure was started on October 2, 1992. On December 29, 1992, Collor resigned, shortly before the moment that the senate would decide to finalize the impeachment process. Collor was blocked for political activities for a period of eight years.
Gold medal for Brazilian women’s volleyball team at the Olympics in London.
Brazil beat the United States in the final with 3-1 (11-25, 25-17, 25-20, 25-17). In 2008, Brazil won the gold medal with women’s volleyball for the first time.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015