Dia do Escoteiro do Brasil
(Brazilian scouting). On 4 November 1924, the União dos Escoteiros do Brasil (UEB; Brazilian Scouting Union) was founded. At present, the union counts more than 70 thousand scouts.
SCOUTING IN BRAZIL
|90 Anos da União dos Escoteiros do Brasil
||100 anos de movimento escoteiro no Brasil
Dia Mundial do Inventor
(Inventor). The Brazilian Inventors Day is on 4 November, while the International Inventors Day is on 9 November, to commemorate the birth of Hedy Hamarr (1913-2000), an American Hollywood diva and inventor. She co-invented (together with George Antheil) an early technique for spread spectrum communications and frequency hopping, necessary for wireless communication.
Death of writer Rachel de Queiroz (1910-2003), first female member of Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL)
Rachel was born on 17 February 1910 in Fortaleza. In 1915, her family moved to Rio de Janeiro, and to Belém in 1917. In 1927, she started to publish in a journal, under the pseudonym ‘Rita de Queiroz’. Three years later, Rachel published her first novel ‘O Quinze’. She joined the Brazilian Communist Party in the same year. In 1937, with the creation of “Estado Novo” (New State) by Vargas, her books were considered as ‘subversive’ and were burned publicly. She became imprisoned for three months. In 1961, Rachel was invited by president Jânio Quadros to become minster of Education, but she refused. Rachel supported the military coup in 1964, she was awarded to become UN representative in 1966. In 1977, Rachel became the first woman to enter the Academia Brasileira de Letras (Literature Board). She died in 2003, due to a heart attack.
RACHEL DE QUEIROZ
|Rachel de Queiroz – Documentário (entrevista)
||Raquel de Queiroz a história da mulher que mais se destacou na literatura
|Especiais – Memória Brasileira – Rachel de Queiroz
||Discurso de posse – Rachel de Queiroz
Start of the first expedition of Companhia Geral do Comércio do Brasil.
Assassination of Carlos Marighella, Brazilian resistance leader
Carlos was born in Salvador (BA) in 1911. In 1936, he abandoned his Civil Engineering study and became member of Partido Comunista Brasileiro (PCB, Brazilian Communist Party). Soon, he become object of state repression. He was imprisoned, where he was severely beaten and tortured. One year later, Carlos was released but was imprisoned again in 1939. With the fall of Getúlio Vargas’s Estado Novo, Carlos was released in 1945. In the same year, he was elected as Federal Deputy. However, the government of President Gaspar Dutra blocked communists from being active in the Brazilian Congress. The start of the military dictatorship in 1964 motivated Carlos to battle against it. Already in 1964, he exchanged gunfire with the police, and was detained again. He was released in 1967, he joined the Ação Libertadora Nacional. This clandestine group trained guerrilla groups, in order to obtain a massive group of armed civilians against the military government. The group also robbed banks, in order to obtain half a million of dollars for their training activities and the purchase of arms. In 1968, a captured guerrilla member appointed Carlos as one of the leaders. One year later, the kidnapping of American ambassador Charles Elbrick ignited a massive hunt for the guerrilla leaders. On 4 November 1969, he was killed in the city of São Paulo. It still remains unclear how exactly Carlos had been killed; probably he was ambushed and killed by the DPOC police officer Sérgio Fleury.
|Marighella Documentário completo
||Carlos Marighella – Manual do Guerrilheiro Urbano
|Carlos Marighella morto – Imagens da Tv Tupi
||Entrevista de Carlos Marighella
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015