Dia Nacional do Supermercado
(Supermarket). Although some sources indicate 11 November as Dia do Supermercado, on 12 November 1968 a law (Lei 7208) was introduced referring to supermarkets. On the same day, Abras (Associação Brasileira de Supermercados: Brazilian Association of Supermarkets) was founded. For more than thirty years, Abras awards a annual trophy for the supplier with whom supermarkets experienced best interactions. The largest supermarket groups are: Companhia Brasileira de Distribuição (Grupo Pão de Açúcar, with Extra), Carrefour, Wal-Mart, Cencosud (Bretas), Zaffari.
Dia Nacional do Diretor de Escola
(School director). As already described yesterday, there is some confusion about this day: 11 or 12 November. It is easier to consider that school directors have two days to celebrate…
Death of poet Augusto de Carvalho Rodrigues dos Anjos (1884-1914).
Augusto, born in Paraíba, was taught to read by his father. In 1903, he started to study Law in Recife and graduated four years later. However, he did not work as a lawyer, but he was a teacher of Portuguese language and literature. Augusto, already married, then moved to Rio de Janeiro, to teach Geography. In 1911, his only son died prematurely. Two years later, he moved to Minas Gerais to manage a group of schools and to give private classes. In 1912, his first and only book was published: ‘Eu” (‘I’). This book made Augusto one of the greatest poets of his time. He did not enjoy his fame for a long time. Augusto died because of pneumonia at the age of 30, in 1914.
De onde ela vem?!
De que matéria bruta
Vem essa luz que sobre as nebulosas
Cai de incógnitas criptas misteriosas
Como as estalactites duma gruta?!
Vem da psicogenética e alta luta
Do feixe de moléculas nervosas,
Que, em desintegrações maravilhosas,
Delibera, e depois, quer e executa!
Vem do encéfalo absconso que a constringe,
Chega em seguida às cordas do laringe,
Tísica, tênue, mínima, raquítica …
Quebra a força centrípeta que a amarra,
Mas, de repente, e quase morta, esbarra
No mulambo da língua paralítica.
Dissolution of the Constitutional Assembly by Emperor Pedro I
This assembly was created on 23 May 1823. Per decree, and with military help, the emperor dissolved the assembly, since he was at oods with the parliamentarians.
Brazil granted asylum to Chilean political refugees.
Brazil, freed from the dictatorial government only one year before, granted asylum to seven Chilean political refugees.
Start of the Paraguayan War.
As a reaction upon the Brazilian invasion in Uruguay, Paraguayan troops of the vessel “Tacuarí‘ boarded the Brazilian vessel ‘Marquês de Olinda’ and captured the crew. This action was ordered by the Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano López. The war only ended in 1870, after the death of the dictator.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015