Dia do Fico
(Day of Dom Pedro’s announcement not to return to Portugal)
Dia do Astronauta
Dia do Fico: D. Pedro joined the Brazilian nationalist movement.
A royal decree from Portugal urged Pedro to return to Portugal and join his father. Pedro took the opportunity to stay in Brazil, declare Brazil independent, and declare himself as leader.
Câmara Municipal (City Council) of Quixeramobim (CE) declared the end of Dom Pedro’s reign and proclaimed the republic.
At that time, the municipality was called Campo Maior, located in the center of the state of Ceará. When Dom Pedro declared the end of the Constitution, many revolts broke out, mainly in the Northeast. The republic didn’t last for long: it suffered repression by the Confederation of the Equator movement, which had started about the same time.
Final edition of the newspaper ‘Compilador de Minas’
Signing of Tratado Definitivo de Paz e Amizade Perpétua (Definitive Treaty of Eternal Peace and Friendship) between Brazil and Paraguay.
Reform of the Electoral Law (Lei Saraiva), per Decreto nº 3029.
Voters received ‘título de eleitor’ (election ID), candidates were reviewed by the Judicial Power, for direct elections by secret voting.
Decreto Estadual nº 8 defined the flag of the state of Paraná.
Brazil declared adhesion to The United Nations Organization and the Atlantic Chart.
Collision between two metro trains at Primeiro de Maio Station, Belo Horizonte (MG)
Creation of the city of Balneário Barra do Sul (SC)
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015