Dia do Guarda-florestal
(Forest guard, park ranger). Today is the feast day of St. Hubertus, patron saint of the forest workers and hunters. On a Good Friday, St. Hubertus saw a crucifix between the antlers of a stag and heard a voice saying that he had to go to Maastricht (the Netherlands). He continued his life as a bishop in Liege (Belgium). In Brazil, there is a special police unit that is active in the forest regions and national parks: Polícia Militar Ambiental, which is active in 26 states and counts almost 10 thousand policemen. They are responsible for the maintenance of biodiversity and for the preservation and conservation of ecosystems. In the past decade, this police unit claimed to have achieved:
– Reduction of contraband and illegal trade of wild animals
– Better control of deforestation of the Atlantic Forest
– Total control of illegal hunting of the alligators in the Pantanal wetlands
– Implantation and expansion of internal capacity programs
– Implantation and implementation of various environmental education programs
– Control of illegal actions of mineral extraction
– Support to various scientific research programs
|Profissões – Guarda Florestal
||Operação guarda florestal
Dia da Instituição do Direito de Voto da Mulher
(Institution of women’s voting rights in Brazil). In 1919, biologist Bertha Lutz introduced the idea of women’s voting rights from visit in Paris. Together with militant anarchist Maria Lacerda de Moura, she founded Liga Pela Eliminação Intelectual de Mulher, which was renamed into Federação Pelo Progresso Feminino. Already in 1927, the state of Rio Grande do Norte had its first female voter, in the city of Mossoró. Celina Guimarães, teacher, was the first Brazilian female voter. On 3 November 1930, president Washington Luis established women’s voting rights by law. The next step was done on 24 February 1932, when the Código Eleitoral Provisório (Provisional electoral code) was approved. In that time, only single women with own income, widows, and wives with their husband’s authorization were permitted to vote. In 1934, the new Code eliminated these restrictions. Only in 1946, women were obliged to vote. The 2010 presidential elections showed about 71 votes from women, against 65 million from men.
WOMEN’S VOTING RIGHTS
|1920, As Mulheres Conquistam o Direito de Voto – Testemunha da História
||A luta pelo Voto feminino no Brasil
Installation of Getúlio Dorneles Vargas as President of Brazil
Getúlio became head of the provisional government, which was installed by the military junta, after they had ousted President Washington Luís on 24 October. From 24 October to 3 November, a military junta was installed, composed of the generals Tasso Fragoso and Menna Barreto and admiral Isaías de Noronha. Getúlio served three different, consecutive terms, until 29 October 1945, and make a comeback in 1951, until he committed suicide on 24 August 1954.
|Conheça a trajetória política de Getúlio Vargas
||HISTÓRIA DO BRASIL POR BÓRIS FAUSTO – A ERA VARGAS
|Getúlio (Vargas) do Brasil – Vida e obra política.
||Documentário sobre a “República Nova e o Estado Novo” (Getúlio Vargas)
|Filme Getúlio Completo (Brasil)
||Getulio Vargas- Documentário
Death of poet Gonçalves Dias
Dias (proud of his caucasian, indian and black roots) was born in the state of Maranhão. He left for Coimbra to study law. There he wrote his masterpiece “Canção do Exílio”, inspired upon his longing to return to his motherland. He indeed returned to Brazil, and became a prolific poet. In 1862, Dias returned to Europe because of heath problems. Two years later, he took the boat back to Brazil. The French boat ‘Ville de Boulogne’ shipwrecked close to the Brazilian coast, in Maranhão. All passengers were saved, except Dias. He was bedridden, and was forgotten during the rescue operation. Dias is considered as one of the most important Brazilian Romantic poets.
|Gonçalves Dias – Vida
||Gonçalves Dias – Canção do Exilio.
|I Juca Pirama
||Poesia da Semana: “Seus Olhos” (Gonçalves Dias)
Expulsion of the French from Maranhão, by the Portuguese
Already in 1594, some French traders, showing much interest in natural richnesss of the region of Maranhão, One of them, Jacques Rifault, tried to establish a trade post. He returned to France and left one of his companions in Maranhão. Jacques, however, never returned. The French king, Henry IV, was interested; in 1610, he sent Daniel de la Touch to Maranhão, who returned to France a short while later. Daniel went to Maranhaõ again, with three heavily armed warships and one thousand men, in order to start a colony. The French started to construct a fortress and a small settlement, which they named after their king: Saint Louis. The Portuguese reacted and started to construct their fortress on the southern part of the island. The French started their hostilities. A few days later, on 19 November 1614, the Portuguese were victorious in the battle. Daniel was forced to surrender, and he was given time to retreat from Brazil. The French didn’t recognize the Portuguese dominion; the Portuguese then attacked the French from land and from the sea. The French were only given time to leave Brazil orderly.
FRENCH IN MARANHÃO
|Franceses no Maranhão (2/2) – De Lá Pra Cá – 24/10/10
||400 anos de São Luís do Maranhão
Foundation of Hospital Souza Aguiar in Rio de Janeiro
The hospital is considered as the largest first aid hospital in Latin America.
Substitution of President Café Filho by Carlos Coimbra Luz, President of the Câmara dos Deputados
President Café Filho suffered cardiovascular problems.
CAFÉ FILHO – CARLOS LUZ
|Laurence Campos – documentário “Café Filho – O presidente potiguar” (parte 01)
||Laurence Campos – documentário “Café Filho – O presidente potiguar” (parte 02)
|Governo de Café Filho, Nereu Ramos e Carlos Luz
||Conhecendo os Presidentes – Ep. 19: Café Filho
Energy rationing in ten Brazilian states
The ten states in the central-western, south-eastern and southern regions were obliged to ration energy, after the collapse of ten energy towers in the state of Paraná.
|Em 1997, dez estados brasileiros foram obrigados a racionar energia
||Cresce o risco de racionamento de energia elétrica no país
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015