Dia (Universal) da Música/ Dia do Músico
(Music/ Musician). The World Music Day was on 21 June already. Music, arts of the Muses. Maybe some among us may know that St. Cecilia is the patron saint of (religious) music and musicians. There exists a tight link between St. Cecilia and music, since she ‘had heard divine music inside her heart’, when she was married. According to the legend, St. Cecilia was a Roman girl whose marriage had been arranged. She prayed intensely to have her virginity kept intact, and she told her husband that she had an guardian angel who guarded her virginity. Her husband converted himself, and he saw an apparition of an angel surrounded by fire. He and his brother got arrested and died as martyrs. Also Cecilia was arrested and locked up in a bath, which was heated to boiling temperature. She stayed cool, as if something was protecting her. An executioner was sent to behead her, but he didn’t succeed. Cecilia, bleeding, stayed alive for three more days. Believers collected her blood and guarded that as relics.
Dia da Liberdade
(Freedom). Without clear sources….
Chibata is Portuguese for lash. The lash had been used for punishing marines. Since the proclamation of the Brazilian Republic in 1889, this punishment was abolished, but was reintroduced one year later. At the moment that marine soldier Marcelino Menzenes, at the battleship “Minas Gerais”, was about to be punished, the marines started their revolt. This revolt apparently had been prepared months before. Soon, the revolting marines took command of the other battleships in the Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro. In order to try to enforce their demands (end of capital punishments and better meals), the cannons of the captured ships had been aimed to the city of Rio de Janeiro. There was no other option for President Hermes de Fonseca and his governent (seated in Rio!) to give in to their demands, and grant amnesty to the the rebels. Although the chibata was no longer in use, the rebel leaders were arrested. Many of them suffered severe tortures and died. The rebel leader, João Cândido, O Almirante Negro (The Black Admiral), however survived his captivity (he became literally nuts) and was granted amnesty in 1912. He continued his life, completely anonimiously, as fish salesman in Rio. A movie had been made about the revolt:: “Memórias da Chibata”
|Revolta da Chibata
||Revolta da Chibata completa 100 anos
|O QUE FOI A REVOLTA DA CHIBATA
||A REVOLTA DA CHIBATA
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015