Dia do Leonismo Internacional
(International Lions’ Club). The day refers to the birth of the founder of Lions, Melvin Jones (1879-1961). He founded Lions in 1917. Lions Club Brazil was founded in 1952.
Dia do Tratado de Madri
(Treaty of Madrid). This treaty was signed in 1750 by both the Portuguese and the Spanish empires. The treaty replaced the 1494 Treaty of Tordesilhas, which divided the Southern American continent in a Spanish and a Portuguese part. However, the Portuguese expanded westward significantly. The new treaty allowed these expansions, based on the Latin law: Uti possidetis, ita possideatis (who owns by fact, owns by right). The Treaty of Madrid was replaced by the Treaty of El Pardo in 1761.
Arrival of the Dutch vessel ‘Argo’, carrying German migrants, in Rio de Janeiro.
Death of Frei Caneca by execution in Recife (PE)
Recognition of the United States of Brazil by Mexico.
Foundation of Nacional Futebol Clube (AM)
Institution of Serviço de Radiodifusão Educativa (Educative Radio Broadcast).
Creation of Serviço do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional by Lei nº 378 (Artº 46)
The SPHAN, now IPHAN, is responsible for the administration of Brazilian heritage.
Creation of Museu Nacional de Belas Artes by Lei nº 378 cria (Artº 48)
Already in 1808, Portuguese king João VI brought part of the Portuguese collection when he arrived in Rio de Janeiro. The Museum of Fine Arts, inaugurated in 1938, is located in Avenida Rio Branco and hosts more than twenty thousand art pieces.
Câmara dos Deputados (Chamber of Deputies) started to commit preventive censure on books, magazines, and journals.
Presidente Emílio Garrastazu Médici signed the decree that expelled 68 Brazilians.
Mequinho became the first Brazilian grandmaster in chess.
Henrique Costa Mecking (1952) was in the Seventies on of the strongest players born in the western hemisphere.
Inauguration of hydro-electric power station Paradão (AP) by President Ernesto Geisel
Death of movie director Marcel Camus
Concentrated movements of UFOs observed in south Minas Gerais by American satellites.
Acelino ‘Popó’ Freitas defeated Cuban Joel Casamayor and gained the WBA boxing world title, in addition of the WBO title.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015