Dia da Pátria
(Homeland). A day that provides opportunity to reflect about the homeland. At the Brazilian Independence Day, the Brazilians can evaluate the errors of the past, analyze the present, and determine the goals for the future.
Dia da Proclamação da Independência do Brasil
(Brazilian Independence Day). See below. In thestate capitals, military parades are organized; the largest in federal capital Brasília, in the presence of the president.
SEPTEMBER 7 PARADES
|Desfile 7 de setembro 2011 em Brasilia (1)
||Desfile 7 de setembro 2011 em Brasilia (2)
|Desfile 7 de setembro 2011 em Brasilia (3)
||Desfile 7 de setembro 2011 em Brasilia (4)
|Desfile 7 de setembro 2011 em Brasilia (5)
||Desfile 7 de setembro 2011 em Brasilia (6)
|DESFILE DE 7 DE SETEMBRO EM 1975 – DITADURA MILITAR
||DESFILE MILITAR DE 7 DE SETEMBRO – 1952
Declaration of Independence of Brazil.
When Napoleon invaded Spain and threatened to rush to Portugal in 1807, the Portuguese Royal Family left their country and crossed the Atlantic Ocean, to Salvador. King Dom João VI and his family and court members arrived there on January 22, 1808. One of the most important actions of the king was to open the Brazilian ports for befriended nations, which benefited the British Empire, suffering a blockade by the French. Napoleon was defeated in 1815, Brazil was elevated to kingdom in 1816, as part of the kingdoms of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. In 1821, a mutiny was started among Portuguese soldiers in Rio de Janeiro, they demanded the return of the king to Portugal. In order to avoid a bloody civil war, Dom João returned. His son Pedro stayed in Brazil. On January 9, 1822, Pedro received a letter from the Portuguese Court with the order to return. Pedro answered with his legendary words:
“Se é para o bem de todos e felicidade geral da nação, diga ao povo que fico.”
“If it benefits the people and the general welfare of the nation, tell the people that I stay”
This day is known as the Dia do Fico. Pedro then took a number of measures that faced opposition from the Portuguese. He created the Constitutional Assembly, organized the navy, and sent the Portuguese troops back to Portugal. The Portuguese Court declared the Constitutional Assembly as illegal and demanded Pedro to return to Lisbon at once. Pedro received this message when he was traveling from Santos to São Paulo. Near the Ipiranga River, Pedro removed the Portuguese colors from his hat, bared his chest, aimed his sable in the air, and shouted, witnessed by 38 people the following legendary words:
” Independência ou Morte!”.
“ Independence or Death!”
Now the independence of Brazil was a fact. The first nations that recognized the newborn nation, where the United States and Mexico. Portugal followed much later, after a bloody war and after mediation by the British Empire. Brazil had to take over the debts of Portugal to the British Empire, a value of two million pounds. This strengthened the social inequality in Brazil, and maintained slavery, in order to pay off the huge debt.
|7 de Setembro:
A Independência do Brasil
|Independencia ou Morte 1972 – Independencia do Brasil
|independência ou morte parte 01 / independence to death
||independência ou morte parte 02 / independence to death
|Modern World History Project – Independence of Brazil
|Fantástico – Independência do Brasil – parte 01
||Fantástico – Independência do Brasil – parte 02
Official opening of Museu Paulista.
At the site of the proclamation of the Brazilian independence by Dom Pedro, at the margin of the Ipiranga River, a monument was constructed, after more than 65 years of quarreling. The museum is built in eclectic style, designed by the Italian architect Tommaso Gaudenzio Bezzi, and now hosts an elaborate collection, divided in three main themes: Cotidiano e Sociedade (Civilians and Society); Universo do Trabalho (Working World); História do Imaginário (Imagining History).
|Espaço Documentário –
Museu Paulista – parte 1
|Espaço Documentário –
Museu Paulista – parte 2
|Projeção Mapeada Museu do Ipiranga
||Museu Paulista USP
|Conhecendo Museus – Museu Paulista da USP – Parte 1
||Conhecendo Museus – Museu Paulista da USP – Parte 2
First radio broadcast in Brazil.
Edgard Roquete Pinto (1884-1954), pioneer of the Brazilian radio, was responsible for the very first radio broadcast with the message of president Epitácio Pessoa, commemorating the first centenary of the Brazilian independence. For this opportunity, American technicians placed an antenna op the top of the Corcovado Rock in Rio de Janeiro, at the site where is now Cristo Redentor, one of the seven modern world wonders. This first radio message was received in Niterói, Petrópolis, the mountainous area of Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo, Roquete was very impressed, he said the following words:
“Eis uma máquina importante para educar nosso povo”.
“[The radio] is an important technical machine to teach our people’.
Sound fragment about Roque Pinto
Sound fragment with Roque Pinto about the first day of broadcast
RADIO IN BRAZIL
|A história do Rádio
||A História do Rádio no Brasil – Globo Repórter 1983 – Programa Completo
|DOCUMENTARIO HISTORIA DO RADIO NO BRASIL
||“A Era do Rádio”
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015