Paraty is a historical city in the state of Rio de Janeiro, at the border with the state of São Paulo. The town, now with a population of about 36 thousand inhabitants, was founded by the Portuguese in 1667. The town became of strategic importance for the transport of gold from the mines in Diamantina and Ouro Preto. The so-called ‘Gold Trail’ (Caminho do Ouro) was constructed: a track of 1200 km. Pirate attacks forced the construction of an alternative route to Rio de Janeiro, and the booming economy in Paraty declined. Today, the richness of that golden age is well-preserved in the historical center. Paraty is part of the Estrada Real route, which runs from Diamantina, via Ouro Preto, from where it branches to Rio de Janeiro and Paraty.
Following a rainy day, small puddles in the cobble stone streets showed clear images of a number of colorful buildings in the historical center:
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