Historical Center: Part one, Catedral Basílica Menor
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Destination Curitiba, capital of the state of Paraná.
Historical center of Curitiba, part one, with Catedral Basílica Menor
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The impressive Catedral Basílica Menor
Curitiba is the capital of the state of Paraná. The city has an interesting history: from Tupi-Guarani Indians, pioneers, gold seekers, to European and Asian migrants. The city may be considered as a melting pot of various cultures. Indian, Portuguese, Italian, German, Spanish, Ukrainian, and Polish cultures are deeply rooted, and the fruits of these cultures are found throughout the city, as shown in the previous episodes. The monuments for Italian, German, Polish, Ukrainian, and Portuguese migrants. This and the following episodes will show elements of the historical center of Curitiba.
Modern skyscrapers surround the historical center
Curitiba was founded on March 29, 1693. However, already in the 16th century (approx. 1531), the first pioneers settled themselves in the region of Curitiba. In 1649, gold seekers settled themselves along the margins of the Atuba River, from there they later moved to the margins of the Ivo River, actually the downtown of Curitiba. In 1668, a so-called pelourinho was erected, symbolizing the status of a vila (village). A pelourinho is a wooden pole, which is anchored in the soil, with iron rings attached. Condemned (among them many slaves) were tied and scourged. In 1842, the status of Curitiba was elevated to that of a city. On July 26, 1854, when the city counted less than six thousand inhabitants, Curitiba became the capital of the newly formed province (now state) of Paraná, which was separated from the large and powerful state of São Paulo. At present, Curitiba counts a little more than 1.8 million inhabitants.
Catedral Basílica Menor
It is impossible to miss the impressive cathedral. When a bus stops near the historic center, the tall towers of the cathedral are clearly visible. This church is relatively young, it was built between 1876 and 1893. About 150 years earlier, in 1720, there already was another church, the Igreja Matriz. Unfortunately, the discovery of construction errors led to the demolition of this church in 1875. in 1993, when the centenary was celebrated, the Catedral Menor da Nossa Senhora da Luz de Curitiba obtained the status of Basílica. The Cathedral is built in neo-Gothic style, and is inspired upon Igreja da Sé in Barcelona. When I visited the historic center of Curitiba, the cathedral was closed for visiting. Nevertheless, the building itself, brightly lit by sunshine, was already worth visiting.
Maria and her son Jesus on top
of a tall pillar
By Dr. Adriano Antoine Robbesom