Dia da Campanha do Quilo
(Campaign of the kilo). On 31 July 1938, members of a spiritist society collected nutrients for an orphanage in need in Nazareno. This orphanage had difficulties to pay the rent, and there was no money left to feed the children well. This collection initiative, initiated by journalist Jayme Mattos Vieira, became the start of many Campanhas do Quilo. Initially by spiritist societies (they propagate the idea to share with each other), eventually followed by campaigns by Catholics, protestants, and other religious societies. Prior to Christmas, many cities – among them Belo Horizonte – organize Campanhas do Quilo. Many people respond to this initiative with generous donations of rice, flour, beans, milk, and sugar.
Dia Mundial do Orgasmo
(World Orgasm Day). This sounds exciting, but the Global Orgasm Day is on 22 December (only a few days before Christmas…). The orgasm day on 31 July may better be considered as the National Orgasm Day, which was introduced by British erotica company Anne Summers in 2001. Brazilians have excitingly copied this initiative and is now also considered as their Orgasm Day.
Dia do Outdoor
(Billboard). Outdoor, a word imported from English. But with a totally different meaning. Outdoors in Brazil are billboards. In any Brazilian city, and along the highways, many giant billboards try to draw your attention. More and more billboards are illuminated and even electronic billboards are assembled in increasing numbers. Some of these billboards have the size of some dozen of square meters. In the city of São Paulo, no less than twelve thousand billboards were counted. Most billboards are renewed regularly, although a small number is badly maintained and is disturbing the street view. Thanks to their giant dimensions, such billboards are hard to avoid, but they also have the advantage that bystanders don’t need to spend much time to read the message.
Destruction of German submarine U199 by the Brazilian air force.
The attack was performed with an American Mariner, supported by the Brazilian planes Hudson and Catalina. Because Brazil allowed American troops on their soil, and permitted them to start attacks against German and Italian forces from Brazilian bases, German submarines attacked any Brazilian vessel. Many Brazilian vessels were destroyed, many sailors died in these attacks. The U199 even had destroyed a small Brazilian sailing boat with 4 crew members. The U199 was then destroyed, only 12 crew members – among them the commander – and were captured.
Annexation of Cisplatina (what is now Uruguay) to the ‘United Kingdom of Brazil, Portugal, and Algave’
The province was called ‘Província Cisplatina Brasileira’. On 25 August 1825, Cisplatina declared independence under the name Uruguay. Only in 1828, the independence was recognized by Brazil.
Kidnapping of the Brazilian consul in Montevideo – Aloysio Mares Dias Gomides – by the Tupamaros guerrilla movement.
The consul was liberated on 21 February 1971 only, after payment of the ransom of 250 thousand dollars. The movement was named after the Inca revolutionary Túpac Amaru. In the Sixties of the past century, the group started their activities like robbing banks and other institutions and distribute the loot among the poor. In the Seventies, the movement was very active with numerous kidnappings of diplomats. The movement was transformed into a political party after the democratization process in Uruguay in 1985.
1903 The state hymn of Ceará was played for the first time
HYMN OF CEARÁ
|Hino do Estado do Ceará
The city of Palmyra (MG) was renamed into Santos Dumont
SANTOS DUMONT – MG
|Cidade de Santos Dumont
São Caetano was beaten by Paraguayan soccer team Olimpia in the Libertadores Cup finals.
SÃO CAETANO – OLIMPIA
|OLIMPIA vs Sao Caetano – LAS 2 FINALES Y PENALES
Launch of PAC in Cuiabá (MT) by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom