Brazilian Days 160
Dia do Tenista, Dia do Tênis
(Tennis, tennis player). It is assumed that this popular sport was introduced by Major Walter Clopton Wingfield in 1873. Only few know the origin of the word ‘tennis’: it is derived from the French word ‘tenez’ (‘take’ or ‘ready?’). In that time, ‘tenez’ was used to warn the opponent when the bal was hit towards him. Other sources mention the origin of tennis in ancient Egypt. In 1887, the first open English tennis championships were played at Wimbledon. In 1882, English migrants introduced tennis in Brazil; six years later, the first official matches were played. Without doubt, the most famous Brazilian tennis player is Gustavo (Guga) Kuerten, who won the French Open at Roland Garros in 1997, 2000 and in 2001.
Dia do Protético
Dia do Porteiro
(Porter). Although many are convinced that Dia do Porteiro is celebrated on the feast day of St. Peter (The Heaven’s Porter), today is the official Porter Day.
Dia Nacional de Anchieta
(Father José de Anchieta). This Brazilian day commemorates the death of Jesuit priest, missionary, and writer José de Anchieta (1534-1597). De Anchieta, born in Tenerife, arrived in Brazil in 1553. He spoke Latin, Portuguese, Castillian, en at a later time Tupi indigenous language fluently. In 1554, he founded a small mission, which eventually became the city of São Paulo. De Anchieta is considered as one of the founders of São Paulo (1554) and Rio de Janeiro (1565). He regularly mediated in conflicts between the Portuguese and the indigenous, together with father Manuel de Nóbrega. He wrote a book about the ‘Brazilian (indigenous) Grammar’ and published a dictionary of the Guarani-Tupi language. Famous is his poem dedicated to Virgin Mary: he wrote this poem on the wet beach every day, until it had been completely memorized by him. Eventually he was able to write these 4900 verses on paper. His educational methods had been used at the mission schools for a long time Thanks to his pioneering activities, De Anchieta is considered as ‘Brazil’s Apostle’ In 1980 he was beatified; since then his day of death is commemorated through Brazil. The name Anchieta is found at many locations in Brazil.
Dia Nacional da Imunização
(Vaccination). Brazilians receive an extensive cocktail against many diseases (varicella zoster, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, sarampo (measles), caxumba (mumps), catapora (chickenpox), meningitis, yellow fever), as well as pneumococcus and influenza vaccinations for the elderly. Travelers bound for Brazil should take into account that a month before departure time vaccinations must have been administered, including hepatitis and yellow fever.
Dia do Pão
(Bread). The World Bread Day is held on 16 October.
Merger of the Ministries of Army, Air Force and Navy into one Defense Department.
Death of padre José de Anchieta
Last issue of the newspaper ‘Correio da Manhã’ in Rio de Janeiro
It ceased to exist after 73 years of circulation.
Basketball player Hortência ended her professional career
Foundation of Sociedade Brasileira Contra a Escravidão
The ‘Brazilian Society Against Slavery was founded by Joaquim Nabuco
Arrival of the authority Santo Ofício (Holy Seat) in the Capitania da Bahia de Todos os Santos
The child Iza Bruna Vieira declared to be cured
The cure of her sickness is considered the second miracle by Madre Paulina
Fishermen caught a 1.40 meter squid of 18 kilograms at Cabo Frio (RJ).
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015