Brazilian Days 175
Dia da Indústria Gráfica
(Graphic Industry). On this day, celebrated in Latin America, the birthday of Johannes Gutenberg, inventor of the book press, is commemorated; his birth date, however, is indicated as not known in the majority of sources. The day of the Graphic industry was proposed by Damiro de Oliveira Volpe at the First Brazilian Congress of the Graphic Industry (Congraf); it took some decades, before the date was introduced in 1988.
Dia do Caboclo
(Caboclo, Mameluco). Caboclo refers to the mixture of the white with the indigenous race, with predominant indigenous features. The Caboclo-”race” is strong and has a natural beauty. It is hard to estimate the number of Brazilians that may call themselves caboclos. Some sources estimated no less than one quarter of the Brazilian population, partly due to the large numbers of babies born with indigenous women, with European fathers. Children from white and black parents are called mulatos, and children with black and indigenous parents are called curibocas or cafusos.
Dia Mundial dos Discos Voadores
(International UFO Day).On June 24, 1947, American pilot Kenneth Arnold observed the first appearances that later would be named UFO’s (Unidentified Flying Objects). Only a few weeks later, the famous Roswell UFO Crash occurred. In Brazil, they are called OVNI’s (objetos voadores não identificados), and also in Brazil such UFO’s have been observed. In 1997, above the state of Pará, and on May 19, 1986 was the famous Night of the UFO’s with at least 21 mysterious flying objects (see video fragment). According to non-official sources, ET’s (extra-terrestrials) were captured, in 1996. Read more in article one and two.
‘ET’ of Varginha (MG).
|Official recognition of UFOs in 1896
|Testimonial by Kenneth Arnold (1947)
Dia da Aviação de Ligação e Observação e Dia da Aviação de Reconhecimento
(Military Air Patrol, Observation, and Identification).
Dia Nacional do Bacamarteiro
(Bacamarteiro). The Bacamarteiro is a folkloric personality, which is associated with the Festas Juninas (June Festivals). Their presence is generally associated with a lot of noise. The bacamarteiro is a gunman who makes use of the bacamarte. The English word for bacamarte is blunderbuss, derived from the Dutch word ‘donderbus’. The gunman wears blue clothes, a gold-colored hat, and his sandals and cartridge are tin plated.
|Tradition of Bacamarteiros
|Luiz Gonzaga: Os Bacamarteiros
Hoje é o dia do Bacamarteiro
em todo território brasileiro.
Mas essa espécie de rifle artesanal,
é mais do Nordeste nacional.
A origem que se deseja,
diz da tradição sertaneja.
Sob o comando do Sargento,
simbolizam o conflito sangrento.
Durante os festejos juninos,
tanto adultos quando meninos
vão mantendo a tradição.
Na festança que vale ouro,
na cabeça o chapéu de couro
e o Bacamarte na mão.
Dia da Comunidade Britânica
(British Community). This day is not identical to the Day of the Commonwealth, which is held in early March.
Unidos como uma só nação,
todo bravo povo Bretão.
Espalha-se em festa tamanha
por toda bela Grã-Bretanha.
No Reino Unido o progresso se fez,
na tradição nada melhor que o Inglês.
Como Londres não há igual,
é um monumento de Capital.
Foi-lhe generosa a natureza,
deu-lhe Deus uma realeza
que preserva o velho e o novo.
Ela atravessa por gerações,
respeitada por todas nações
e amada por todo seu povo.
Dia Consagrado ao Orixá Xangô
(Orixá Xangô). St. John is the catholic image of Xangô, the Candomblé god of Justice. The power of Xangô is concentrated in the lightning, which can torment the earth, but also shed a light in the path of life. Xangô is depicted as an absolute ruler, a despot, but also as a god with a peculiar beauty, some kind of playboy.
Inauguration of the Municipal Stadium in Rio de Janeiro with the World Cup opening match between Mexico and Brazil.
The soccer stadium is now better known as the Maracanã Stadium. Brazil won the match 4-0.
Conclusion of the construction of the Fortaleza dos Reis Magos (Fortress of the Three Kings), in Natal (RN).
The construction was started on January 6, 1598.
FORTALEZA DOS REIS MAGOS (RN)
Foundation of Convento Santa Teresa in Rio de Janeiro (RJ).
In 1620, two Carmelite sisters received an area at the Morro do Desterro (later renamed into Morro Santa Teresa) to construct a cloister dedicated to Santa Teresa d’Avila. In 1750, the cornerstone was placed. In 2007, the convent had undergone restorations and renovations.
Convento then (photo) and now (photo)
First Brazilian airborne military operation, with a balloon, during the Paraguayan War (1864-1870).
In Tuiuti, an observation balloon was brought into air. More 19 missions would follow in that war.
Inauguration of the public illumination system in Campos dos Goytacazes (RJ).
Emperor Dom Pedro inaugurated a thermo-electrical engine that consisted of 3 dynamos, with a capacity of 52 MW: enough to illuminate 39 street lanterns in the city. Campos became the first city in Southern America with public illumination.
Inauguration of the network of electric trams in Campinas (SP).
The Companhia Campineira de Tracção, Luz e Força (CCTLF) was responsible for the construction and exploitation of this network. See here for an elaborated image gallery of trams.
Announcement of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to run for re-election.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015