Dia do Guarda Rodoviário
(Highway Patrol Man). On July 24, 1928, president Washington Luíz created the Polícia Rodoviária Federal. Initially, this unit was called ‘Polícia das Estradas’ (Road Police). The first highway patrol man was Antônio Felix Filho, nicknamed ‘Turquinho’. He started his job on July 23, 1935. He and his colleagues were called ‘Inspetores de Tráfego’ (Traffic Inspectors). In 1945 the unit was called Policia Rodoviária Federal (PRF). In 1988, the PRF was assigned to control the Brazilian highways (more than 61 thousand km). Since 1991, the PRF is linked to the Brazilian Department of Justice.
Turquinho (website prf) source
|Polícia Rodoviária Federal
||PRF – no Profissão Repórter
|PRF – 24 horas
||POLÍCIA RODOVIÁRIA FEDERAL
|80 ANOS DA POLÍCIA RODOVIÁRIA FEDERAL PRF
||Atuação da Polícia Rodoviária Federal
|Conheça a Polícia Rodoviária Federal
Olympic gold and world record for triple jumper Adhemar Ferreira da Silva (1927-2001) in Helsinki.
Thus far, Brazilian athletes did not collect too many Olympic medals; those who won a medal gain more attention in Brazil. In 1948, In London, Da Silva jumped a little more than 15 meters, and achieved the14th place. In Helsinki, he broke the Olympic record four times. The final jump of 16.22 meter was even a world record. Four years later, in Melbourne, Da Silva became Olympic champion again, with a jump of 16.32 meter. He also became a five-time Pan American champion. When Da Silva got tuberculosis in 1960, his sports career ended. He then worked at the Brazilian embassy in Nigeria and was acting in the Brazilian movie “Orfeu Negro” (Black Orpheus, 1959), which won an Oscar in 1960.
Adhemar Ferreira da Silva
Carnival Dance- Black Orpheus – Marcel Camus 1959
Massacre, which became internationally known as “Chacina da Candelária”, in downtown Rio de Janeiro.
During that night, eight street children were killed by the Polícia Militar, at the entrance of one of the best known churches in Rio: Candelária. Six police officers were arrested, three of them were condemned. Years later, one of the surviving children was the hostage-taker of bus line ‘174’. One hostage was killed. A movie was made, based on this tragedy.
1993 Rio Chacina da Candelária – Fantástico
Dom Pedro II (14) declared of age.
One year later, Pedro was crowned as emperor Pedro II.
Signing of the marriage contract between emperor Pedro II and Tereza Cristina Maria de Bourbon.
Teresa’s full name is: Teresa Cristina Maria Josefa Gaspar Baltazar Melquior Januária Rosália Lúcia Francisca de Assis Isabel Francisca de Pádua Donata Bondosa André d’Avelino Rita Leodegária Gertrudes Venância Tadéia Espiridião Roca Matilda de Bourbon-Sicílias e Bragança (1822-1889). She was born in Vienna (Austria). Pedro was sixteen at that time, and Teresa twenty. Their marriage took place on September 4, 1842, and would last 46 years. Teresa died shortly after the coup in 1889.
Nomination of Mem de Sá (1500-1572) as Governor-General of Brazil.
He became the successor of Duarte da Costa. Mem de Sá arrived in Brazil at the end of 1557. His first task was to expel the French colonists from Rio de Janeiro, who had founded their colony ‘French Antarctica’. He managed to destroy their fortress ‘Coligny’, but the French left only, with help of his cousin Estácio and, thanks to negotiations of the two famous Jesuits Norbrega and Anchieta with the Tamoio indians to convince them to stop them helping the French. Mem de Sá is considered ass the founder of Rio de Janeiro (1567). He stayed in office as governor until 1572. His successor Luis Fernandes de Vasconcelos would never reach Brazil. His ship with 39 priests was attacked by French pirates and all of them were killed. They are now know as the Forty Martyrs of Brazil.
Death of Alberto Santos Dumont, aviation pioneer (1873-1932).
Alberto was one of the first in the world to fly with a motorized airplane. In 1910, multiple sclerosis was detected, and caused a depression. Alberto returned to Brazil, after having lived and worked in France for many years. In 1932, he committed suicide, unhappy with his disease and depression, and unhappy about the use of his invention in warfare. Alberto was not married and did not have children.
Santos-Dumont: Biografias Brasileiras
Flag of Rio de Janeiro became the flag of the new state of Rio de Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro was capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960. In 1834, the city was nominated the Imperial Capital. Following the proclamation of the republic in 1889, Rio remained the capital, until the inauguration of the newly-designed capital Brasília in 1960. The federal district of Rio de Janeiro was then renamed in the state of Guanabara, and was Brazil’s smallest state for 15 years. The state of Rio de Janeiro surrounded the state of Guanabara completely and had Niterói as its capital. Merger of the two states took place in 1975 and the city of Rio de Janeiro became the capital. The flag of the former state of Rio de Janeiro became the flag of the merger state.
Left: flag of Guanabara, now flag of the city of Rio de Janeiro.
Right: flag of the state of Rio de Janeiro.
Defeat of the Brazilian national soccer team against Honduras led to the elimination in the 2001 Copa América.
In the group phase, Brazil won from Peru and Paraguay, but lost to Mexico. As first ranked in the group, Brazil (with Luiz Felipe Scolari (Felipão) as the coach) was linked to Honduras in the quarter finals. Beletti scored an own goal in the 57th minute, Saul Martinez made the second for Honduras in the final seconds of the match. A historical defeat. Colombia became champion after beating Mexico in the final.
Return of José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva from exile.
José (1763-1838) was an important person in Brazilian history. Besides statesman, he was a scientist (geologist) and poet. José was one of the mentors of the independence of Brazil. His democratic principles were not accepted by the government and be was arrested and put in exile in 1823. He then lived in France, until he was allowed to return to Brazil in 1829. His Irish wife died during the journey. José was a regent for a short period, when Pedro II was too young to climb the imperial throne. His regency only lasted two years, when he was accused of betrayal. He then was pardoned and lived until his death in 1838 in Niterói.
José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva –
Série “Construtores do Brasil” – TV Câmara
Gold medal for Fabiana Murer at Pan American Games (pole vault)
Fabiana won silver at the Pan American Games in 2011, became world champion in 2011, and indoor world champion in 2010. She became the first Brazilian to win gold at a IAAF world championship. She participated in Beijing 2008, but was eliminated in the finals.
Gold medal for Yane Marques at Pan American Games (modern pentathlon)
Yane won also silver at the Pan American Games in 2011. She ranked 18th at the Olympic Games in 2008.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom