Brazilian Days 321
Dia da Criatividade
(Creativity). Creativity made man evolve to the modern man. Creativity is, among others, responsible for inventions. A person may be creative or develop some creativity, but inventors may be considered as official creative people. They manage to observe the elements around us, in order to use them, with their unique talent, into something practical. They also are able to improve, in a very creative way, things around us, giving us even more comfort.
Dia da Sociedade Teosófica
(Theosophical Society). On 17 November 1875, the Theosophical Society was founded in New York by Russian Helena Petrovna Balavatsky, and the Americans Henry Steel Olcott and William Quan Judge, and few others. Madame Blavatsky was the first Russian woman to be naturalized as an American citizen, and brought spiritual wisdom of the East and that of the ancient Western mysteries to the Modern West. Her writings became the first exposition of what is today known as modern Theosophy.
But theosophy, which may be translated as ‘divine wisdom’, is older. The word ‘theosophy’ was already used by Alexandrian Neo-Platonic philosophers during the 3rd to the 6th century of our era. In course of time, more intellectuals taught theosophy.
According to Vaughan, a theosophist is one who gives you a theory of God or the works of God, which has not revelation, but an inspiration of his own for its basis. At present the theosophical society is active in more than 70 countries. Curiously, the symbol contains the Swastika, Star of David, Ankh, Aum and Ouroboros symbols.
Dia Internacional do Estudante
(International Students’ Day). The date commemorates the anniversary of the 1939 Nazi storming of the University of Prague after demonstrations against the killing of Jan Opletal and the occupation of Czechoslovakia, and the execution of nine student leaders, over 1200 students sent to concentration camps, and the closing of all Czech universities and colleges.The date was fist held in London in 1941 by the International Students’ Council, and eventually by its successor International Union of Students. Another event happened on November 17, in 1973. The Athens Polytechnic uprising against the Greek military junta came to a climax, with a violent crackdown and a tank crushing the gates of the university. The 1989 Prague demonstrations for International Students Day helped spark the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia.
Departure of the Imperial Family to France
One day earlier, on 16 November, former Emperor Dom Pedro II received a personal message that he and his family must leave Brazil, according to decree no. 2. The family left Rio de Janeiro at dawn, and went on board of the merchant vessel ‘Alagoas’.
Engineer Iedo Fiúza put forward as presidential candidate, by the Brazilian Communist Party
Iedo (or Yedo) Fiuza, born in Porto Alegre, served as mayor in Petrópolis. In 1945, Yedo was an independent anti-militarist presidential candidate, with the support of the Partido Comunista Brasileiro. Yedo surprised many political activists by gaining half a million votes.
Fiúza (l) and Luis Carlos Prestes (r)
Death of composer Heitor Villa-Lobos
Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959), from Rio de Janeiro, is considered as one of the most influential Brazilian composers in the 20th century. His works are influenced by European tradition and by various Brazilian cultures and traditions, which he had observed during his many travels through Brazil. He also stayed in Paris, with the intention to exhibit his exotic sound world. Notable works of Heitor are ‘Bachianas Brasileiras’ and ‘Chóros’. He died in Rio at the age of 72.
|The Best of Villa-Lobos
|Heitor Villa-Lobos – Bachianas Brasileiras, No. 1 Complete
|Heitor Villa-Lobos: Choros n.12 (1929)
|Documentário “Índio de Casaca” – Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959)
Treaty of Petrópolis ended conflict between Brazil and Bolivia
During the rubber boom era, the then Bolivian territory of Acre was much desired by both Brazil and Bolivia. They treaty ceded Acre to Brazil, in return for a large sum of money and the concession of the construction of a new railway that would connect Brazil with Bolivia: the Madeira-Marmoré Railway, which would facilitate rubber exports from Bolivia and Brazil.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015