(Brazilian Flag Day). The colorful Brazilian flag is well-known. Less known are the facts about the flag. The stars represent the constellations in the southern hemisphere that was observed from Rio de Janeiro, on 15 November 1889, at 8.30 a.m. local time, the exact time of the proclamation of the Brazilian Republic. The stars represent the states and the Federal District. The most recent modification dates from 1992, when Tocantins became a new state. The flag is designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes and Miguel Lemos, and created by Décio Vilares. Four days following the proclamation of the Republic, Benjamin Constant issued Decree no. 4, about he Brazilian flag. The motto “Ordem e Progresso” on the flag, is a quote from Benjamin Constant:
“O amor por princípio, a ordem por base, o progresso por fim”
Dia Internacional do Xadrez
(International Chess Day). Although this day isn’t included on the International Chess Federation (FIDE) calendar, the day is celebrated in South America. This day is the birthday of the first South-American chess grandmaster, José Raul Capablanca (1888-1942) from Cuba. José was one of the first unofficial grandmasters, and was chess world champion from 1921 to 1927. He is considered as one of the best players of all times. Besides playing chess, José was a diplomat and author of books about chess. José died of a cardiac arrest while he was analyzing a chess match.
1889 Introduction of the Seal of the Brazilian Republic.
Article 3 of Decree No. 4 – that also ratified the introduction of the Brazilian flag – details about the Seal of the Republic.
Thousandth goal scored by soccer player Pelé.
Pelé scored his thousandth goal for his team Santos in the match against Vasco (Santos won with 2-1) in the Maracanã Stadium. He scored in the 33rd minute of the second half. The match was interrupted to allow Pelé run a lap of honor.
1709 Elevation of Recife to the status of Vila, per Carta Régia.
In 1537, Recife was founded by Portuguese colonists. Neighboring Olinda was founded two years earlier. One century later, during the Dutch invasion, the city of Olinda was set on fire and completely destroyed. The inhabitants fled to Recife. Dutch governor Maurice of Nassau built a new city, which was named after him: Mauriciópolis. This city was destroyed by the Dutch themselves when they had to give up the colony in 1654. In 1709, Recife was elevated to the status of Via by Royal Decree, and thereby gained independence from Olinda. In 1823, Recife became a city. Four years later, Recife became capital of the province of Pernambuco. Recife, now hosting more than 1.5 million inhabitants, is widely known as “Venice of Brazil”.
1724 Death of Father Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão (1685-1724), a Brazilian-Portuguese aviation pioneer.
The priest was born in Santos (Brazil) and went to the seminary in Bahia. At the age of fifteen, he moved to Portugal, in order to complete his studies in Religious Law. Bartolomeu also studied Physics and Maths. When he was back in Brazil, he constructed a water pump, which was able to pump up river water to the abbey, where he stayed. He got the idea to use hot air to elevate objects in the air. His first experiment with a hot air balloon caught fire immediately, but his second attempt was successful: the object reached a height of four meters. This experiment was done on 5 August 1709. Because of these experiments, he gained the nickname “Padre Voador”, the flying priest. He also had stayed in Holland, were one of his inventions was registered: ” A system of lenses with which meat can be roasted by sunlight” (“Sistema de lentes para assar carne ao Sol”). Unfortunately, Father Bartolomeu became one of the many victims of the Inquisition and fled to Spain. In Toledo, he died at the age of 39.
(Brazilian Aviation). This day commemorates the first Brazilian flight in history, realized by Alberto Santos Dumont, at Campo de Bagatelle in Paris on 23 October 1906.
Dia de Santos Dumont
(Santos Dumont). Alberto Santos Dumont was born on 20 July 1873 in Palmira, Minas Gerais. He was sent to Paris by his father in 1891. Alberto studied physics, chemistry, mechanics, and specialized himself in aeronautics. In 1897, he realized his first experiments with balloons. In 1901, Alberto won the prestigious Deutsch Prize, when he managed to fly in a balloon (Brasil no. 6) for at least one hour, around the Eiffel Tower. On 23 October 1906, he managed to fly with his machine 14-BIS, which he named ‘Oiseau de Proie’ (Bird of Prey) at an altitude of 2 meters, across a distance of 60 meters, witnessed by more than a thousand spectators.In 2006, centenary of this memorable flight, was the Brazilian Santos Dumont Year, as established by law (Lei nº 11.262). Alberto died on 23 July 1932. On 22 September 1959, Alberto was posthumously honored the title Marechal-do-Ar (Air Marshall).
Santos Dumont O Homem Pode Voar Documentário
Santos Dumont, o inventor do avião.
Biografia – Santos Dumont
Inovação e empreendedorismo de Santos Dumont
Dia da Força Aérea Brasileira (FAB)
(Brazilian Air Force). The Brazilian Air Force (largest of the Southern Hemisphere and second largest of the Americas) was created on 20 January 1941. As a homage to Alberto Santos Dumont, who was declared patron of the Brazilian Air Force, the Brazilian Air Force Day is held on 23 October. In 2013, more than 77 thousand people work for the FAB. The FAB fleet count more than 750 aircraft.
(Brazilian Aviator Day). This day was introduced in 1936 (Lei n° 218, 4 July 1936) as a homage to the first flight in history, on 23 October 1906.
Dia do Aviador – Dia da Força Aérea Brasileira
71 ANOS FAB – Conheça a história do Patrono da Força Aérea Brasileira
Dia do Direito das Mães
Death of Dr. Zerbini, surgeon who performed the first heart transplantation in Brazil.
Euryclides de Jesus Zerbini was born on 7 May 1912 in the city of Garatinguetá (SP). In 1930 Euryclides started to study Medicine in São Paulo. He graduated in 1935. At the age of 29 he was nominated as professor. In 1942, Euryclides performed the first cardiac surgery on a seven-year-old boy. In 1944, he moved to the United States to work at the Barnes Hospital in St. Louis, and at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. With the years, he became more specialized in cardiac surgery. The ‘Zerbini Caravan’ was created, and a surgical team traveled throughout Brazil and various Southern American countries. On 26 May 1968, slightly more than five months after the world’s first heart transplant in Cape Town (3 December 1967), the first heart transplant was performed in Brazil by Dr. Zerbini and his team. João Ferreira da Cunha, nicknamed João Boiadeiro, received the heart of Luis Fernando de Barros. The patient survived 28 days. The success resulted in the creation of InCor, the Heart Institute in São Paulo, one of the largest in the world. In 1969, Dr. Zerbini was nominated professor of Clinical Surgery at FMUSP in São Paulo. At advanced age, he was diagnosed with a brain tumor and died at InCor on 23 October 1993. During his professional life, he had trained more than 400 surgeons from Brazil, Latin America, and few other countries: the Disciples of Zerbini.
DR. EURYCLIDES ZERBINI
Dr. Euryclides Zerbini
Primeiro transplante de coração no Brasil
Exposição homenageia o Doutor Zerbini
Exposição sobre o Dr Zerbini no Incor homenageia o pioneiro dos transplantes no Brasil
Aviation pioneer Alberto Santos Dumont realized a 60 meter flight, at an altitude of 2 meters.
This flight attempt was performed at Campo de Bagatelle in Paris, and witnessed by a large audience.
Asas da Loucura – Santos Dumont – documentario
Birth of Édson Arantes do Nascimento, better known as Pelé
Pelé is considered as one of the best soccer players of all time. Edson was born in Três Corações (MG). He started his soccer activities at Bauru Atlético Clube in the state of São Paulo. He became champion with his team in 1954 and 1955. In 1956, he was invited to play in Santos. On 7 September in the same year, Pelé played his first official match: a friendly against Corinthians. The result was 7 to 1, with 2 goals by Pelé. Less than a year later, on 7 July 1957, Pelé (still 16) played his first match for the Brazilian team, against Argentina. He scored one goal. He won with the Brazilian team three world titles: in 1958 (Sweden), 1962 (Chile) and in 1970 (Mexico). Between 1975 and 1977, Pelé played in the team of New York Cosmos. He scored 1281 goals in 1363 matches. He was minister of Sport between 1995 and 1998. Pelé was chosen as athlete and soccer player of the 20th century.
(Persons with Disabilities). A day paying attention on the more than nine million Brazilians with disabilities, their friends and family members. Some sources indicate that almost 75 percent becomes disabled as a result of traffic accidents, street violence, or personal accidents. Almost fifty percent of paralyzed patients became paralyzed as a result of being hit by gunshots: of them, more than 80 percent are males. The international day of persons with disabilities is held on 3 December.
Deficientes físicos: a conquista da independência por meio da tecnologia
Dilma sanciona projeto para deficientes físicos
Obrigatoriedade em empresas cresce o número de vagas de empregos para deficientes físicos
TV Gazeta: Cresce o número de vagas para Deficientes no Brasil
1996 Singer and composer Renato Russo (1960-1996) died of the consequences of AIDS.
Renato Manfredini Júnior was born in Rio de Janeiro on 27 March 1960. Part of his youth was spent in New York. At the age of 15, he was diagnosed with a rare disease: epiphysiolysis, which paralyzed his legs for two years. Renato studied Law. He also became interested in music, and in his imagination he created his own band (42nd Street Band) with as singer Eric Russell, named after one of his favorite philosophers. Hence the name Renato Russo. In 1978, he joined the band Aborto Eléctrico, the precursor of Legião Urbana, which was founded in 1982, after the dissolution of Aborto Elétrico. Other part of Abort Elétrico became another famous band: Capital Inicial. Until 1990, Legião Urbana produced five albums, and Renato also stated his solo career. Renato got troubles due to alcohol and drug use, a tournament had to be canceled. In 1995, Renato made his final performance with Legião Urbana. On 11 October 1996, Renato died. The band ceased to exist one week later.
Legião Urbana – ao vivo no Metropolitan 1994 – Parte 1
Legião Urbana – ao vivo no Metropolitan 1994 – Parte 2
Legião Urbana – Acústico MTV (Completo com Legenda)
MTV Ao Vivo – Tributo à Legião Urbana – 30/05/12 (HD)
1962 World Cup Club Teams for Santos.
Winner of Copa Libertadores 1962, Santos confronted Benfica, winner of Europa Cup I, precursor of the Champions League. It became a duel between two megastars: Pelé and Eusébio. The first match was won by Santos: 3×2, with 2 goals by Pelé. The return in Lisbon was also won by Santos: 5×2, with 3 goals by Pelé, and one by Eusébio.
SANTOS – BENFICA (1962)
Santos 3 x 2 Benfica – Mundial Interclubes 1962 – 1° jogo
Benfica 2 x 5 Santos – 1962
Santos – Campeão Libertadores e Mundial – 1962 e 1963
Santos Campeão Mundial 1962
1977 Division of Mato Grosso, creation of the new state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS).
The division was ratified by the federal parliament and the president. The division came into effect on 1 January 1978. MatoGrosso do Sul, nine times the size of The Netherlands, is one of the states in the Central-Western region, and shares borders with neighboring countries of Bolivia and Paraguay, and with neighboring states of Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Paraná. About one fourth of the area is occupied by the vast Pantanal Wetlands. Mato Grosso do Sul counts almost 2.5 million inhabitants, of which about one third resides in the capital: Campo Grande.
(Guardian angels). According to the church doctrine, God provides for every human being, who believes in Him, guardian angels, who give protection from the time of birth until the time of death.
Santos Anjos da Guarda –
Canção Nova – Santo do Dia!
Oração aos Anjos Guardiões
Dia do Quadro Complementar de Oficiais do Exército Brasileiro
(Brazilian Reserve officer). This day is introduced in 1989, by law.. Patron of this army unit is Maria Quitéria de Jesus (1792-1853), who is considered as the first female Brazilian soldier.
BRAZILIAN RESERVE OFFICERS
A Carreira do Oficial do Quadro Complementar
Exército Notícias 47
Canção do Quadro Complementar de Oficiais
Dia Mundial de Luta contra Violência
(International Day of Non-Violence). Recently, on 15 June 2007, – 2 October was declared as International Day of Non-Violence, by the United Nations. This day is the day of borth of Indian pacifist Mahatma Gandhi(1869-1948), who is considered as the symbol against violence.
INTERNATIONAL DAY OF NON-VIOLENCE
international day of non violence
Mahatma Gandhi: Non-Violence and Compassion
Oct 2, Gandhi’s Birthday International Day of Nonviolence
1914 Foundation of Porto Velho, capital of the state of Rondônia.
Rondônia shares borders with Bolivia and the Brazilian states of Acre, Amazonas, and Mato Grosso. The municipality of Porto Velhocounts more than 34 thousand square kilometers, which is larger than Belgium, and the Brazilian states of Alagoas and Sergipe. The city is constructed along the right margin of the Madeira River, which is one of the largest affluent rivers of the Amazon River complex. Porto Velho was founded by pioneers, who were involved in the construction of the Madeira-marmoré railway. The city experienced an era of prosperity because of the rubber production, and the mining of cassiterite, which is a tin oxide. At present, Porto Velho counts more than 3000 thousand inhabitants. There are three Indian reservations, where the Karitiana, Kaxaraxi, and Karipunas tribes are living. These tribes count about 100 persons each.
1997 Arrival of Pope John Paul II in Rio de Janeiro.
It was the third visit of the Pope after his visits in 1980 and 1991. This visit was the eightieth foreign travel of the then 77-year-old Pope. The Pope was welcomed by president Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC). Reason for the visit was the Second World Meeting for Families. During this visit, the pope made an very remarkable statement:
“Se Deus é brasileiro, então o Papa é Carioca”
“If God is a Brazilian, then the Pope is a Carioca (inhabitant of Rio de Janeiro)”
POPE JOHN PAUL II IN BRAZIL
Visita do Beato Papa João Paulo II ao Brasil em 1997 ( Transmissão da Rede Manchete)
III Visita do Papa João Paulo II ao Brasil 1997
Momentos com o Papa – Rio 1997
DIFILM Juan Pablo II en Brasil – 1997
1974 Final match of Pelé in Brazil.
Playing in the team of Santos, Pelé won with 2×0 against Ponte Preta. Pelé was sold to New York Cosmos for seven million dollars. He would play there three years.
Pelé and Tres Corações (MG)
Despedida de Pelé do Santos em 1974 – Gol, o Grande Momento do Futebol – Rede Bandeirantes – 1980
(Councillor). On 1 October 1952, the Instituto Brasileiro de Administração Municipal (IBAM; Brazilian Institute of Municipal Administration) was founded; This independent institute keeps the records of all Brazilian municipalities. At present (2012), Brazil counts 5563 municipalities, of which more than 80 percent count less than 30 thousand inhabitants. A Councillor has a mandate of four years. This year, in 2012, more than 56 thousand Councillors will be elected, an increase of more than 5000 in comparison to 2008. More than 460 thousand candidateswill run for the Councillor seats, more than 30 percent of them are women. Also the mayor is elected during these elections, he or she can be re-elected only once, but may return in office four years later. How do Brazilians vote? Electronically.
Brazil and IDH (Human Development Index)
per municipality (2000).
02 – Tenha orgulho da sua profissão. (Motivated for his profession)
03 – Conheça muito bem os produtos e serviços que está oferecendo. (Able to show good knowledge of the products and services offered)
04 – Crie um banco de dados para conhecer seu público alvo e manter contato com ele. (Able to create a data bank of his clients and keep it updated)
05 – Demonstre sempre confiança e disposição Identifique as necessidades do cliente Seja simpático e atencioso. Conheça seus concorrentes. (Able to show his reliability, able to recognize the client’s needs, sympathetic and attentive, aware of his competitors)
06 – Facilite a compra. (Able to facilitate the purchases)
07 – E principalmente esteja satisfeito com seu trabalho, um profissional motivado é a base para uma carreira de sucesso. (Must be, above all, satisfied with his work, since a motivated professional is the basis for a successful career)
10 Atitudes do Vendedor de Sucesso
Dia do Representante (ou Viajante) Comercial
Negócios & Soluções – Representação Comercial – Parte 1/3
Negócios & Soluções – Representação Comercial – Parte 2/3
Negócios & Soluções – Representação Comercial – Parte 3/3
O Representante Comercial como um Consultor de Negócios
Dia Mundial do Hábitat
(World Habitat Day).The United Nations (through UNHabitat)has designated the first Monday in October as World Habitat Day. The intention is to reflect on the states of the world’s towns and cities and to the basic right of all, to adequate shelter. For now, and in the future. It is in the cities that many realize their dreams of a better life. The cities will have to absorb more people from the rural areas, and therefore, cities are in need of better planning and organization. Those who arrive in better planned cities, will be able to construct their lives and of others. Theme of 2007 was:
World Habitat Day Focuses on 7 Billion People and Climate Change
World Habitat Day Virtual
Dia Internacional das Pessoas da Terceira Idade
(International Day of Older Persons). This day (the third for older persons in two weeks time only) has been introduced by the United Nations. The UN want to pay attention to the imminent aging in developing countries. In 2002, the world counted 600 million persons older than 60. This number is about to double in 2020. In 2050, the number will reach 2 billion, the vast majority will live in developing countries.
Older people – a new power for development
Graphic representation of the significant increase
of the number of older people in developing countries.
International Day of Older Persons
In a global observance, UN urges more opportunities, safeguards for older persons
WHO: Healthy aging — adding life to years
Como o Brasil trata seus idosos – parte 1 de 3
Como o Brasil trata seus idosos – parte 2 de 3
Como o Brasil trata seus idosos – parte 3 de 3
Documentário – Estatuto do Idoso
Poema do Idoso
1862 First issue of Diário Oficial do Império.
New laws and decrees were published in this newspaper. It was Marquis de Olinda who took the initiative for this newspaper. When the Brazilian Empire ceased to exist, the name was changed into Diário Oficial. In 1911, a big fire destroyed the building and the complete archive.
DIÁRIO OFICIAL ELETRÔNICO
Consulta no Diário Oficial
Diário Oficial – Serviço de e-Clipping no Diário Oficial da União
1977 Farewell match of Pelé (Edson Arantes do Nascimento).
Playing in the team of New York Cosmos, Pelé scored against his first team: Santos. Final result: 2-1 for Cosmos. Pelé played one half for New York Cosmos, and one half for Santos.
FAREWELL MATCH PELÉ
Friendly Match 1977: Santos x Cosmos New York
Cosmos vs Santos Despedida do PELE 1977 FUTBOL RETRO TV
1777 Treaty of Santo Ildefonso.
This treaty,signed by Portugal and Spain, defined the borders between Spanish and Portuguese America. As a result, Portugal obtained part of the Amazon forest, in exchange for what is now Uruguay. There were some border corrections in Africa too.
1998 Release of entrepreneur Girz Aronson (1917-2008) after payment of the ransom.
Girz Aronson was owner of the Aronson stores in São Paulo. The abduction occurred 14 days earlier, in one of his stores. Girz was beaten, he suffered several bruises and a broken nose. The leader of the abductors, Pedro Ciechanovicz (‘O Pedrão’) was involved with 15 abductions and now is sentenced to 95 years in prison. Girz was released after payment of 117 thousand reais, The stores had been shut down one year later. In 2004, Girz was a suspect of concealing an amount of microwaves that were robbed.
“Faço mais um apelo para o público comprar na G. Aronson porque estou em uma pindaíba danada.”
(Florist).St. Dorothea, her feast day seems to be today, is the patron saint of horticulture. Dorothea of Caesarea was a martyr during the prosecutions by the Roman emperor Diocletianus. The legend says that a man asked Dorothea – on the way to her execution (decapitation – to bring him apples and roses from the garden from her husband (she was virgin, she said that Jesus was her husband). Before her execution, a six year old child delivered the man the veil of Dorothea, filled with a heavenly scent of flowers and fruits. This man, named Theophylus, became that impressed that he converted himself to Christianity and later became a martyr, too. Obviously, Dorothea’s date of death is February 6, 311, while her feast day is also mentioned as February 6.
Como fazer um arranjo de flores profissional
Dia do Repórter Fotográfico e Cinematográfico
(Photo reporter and film reporter). No day without news. News that travels at light speed these days, or you receive the printed version a bit later. Without photographs and films, many news items will not have great impact. Images must provoke emotions and draw attentionof the spectator or reader. French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004) is considered as the father of photo journalism. One of the most respected Brazilian photo reporters is Sebastião Salgado. Other Brazilian photo reporters are to be seen on this site. The European Day for the Rights of the Journalist is held on September 5.
Profissão Repórter – 02/08/11 – Fotógrafos Em Ação, Parte 1
Profissão Repórter – 02/08/11 – Fotógrafos Em Ação, Parte 2
Cartier Bresson Street Photography I
Cartier Bresson Street Photography (II)
Cartier Bresson Street Photography (III)
Sebastiao Salgado: The Photographer as Activist
1980 City of Ouro Preto added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
In 1698, a fazenda was founded at the location of Ouro Preto, 93 kilometers from Belo Horizonte. In 1711, the settlement became more structured and gained the name Vila Rica. In 1720, Vila Rica became the capital of the new capitania of Minas Gerais. In 1823, the city received the title Imperial Cidade, Imperial City, and was renamed in Ouro Preto. The city lost its status of capital when Belo Horizonte was inaugurated in 1897. In 1933, Ouro Preto was declared Brazilian Cultural Heritage. In 1980, the city was the first Brazilian location to be added to the prestigious World Heritage List of the UNESCO. The city is widely known for its historic center in the colonial, baroque style.
Há 30 anos Ouro Preto recebia o título de patrimônio cultural
Terra de Minas – Ouro Preto
1962 Soccer player Edson Arantes do Nascimento, beter known as Pelé, made his 500th goal.
Pelé scored his 500th goal in the match between Santos and São Paulo, which ended in a 3×3 draw. In this match, Pelé scored twice, the latter became his 500th. Seven years later, he would break the magic limit of one thousand goals.
Pelé part 1
Pelé part 2
1850 Foundation of the city of Blumenau (SC).
On 2 September 1850, seventeen German migrants arrived by traveling via the Itajaí-Açu River. Their leader was medical pharmacist Hermann Bruno Otto Blumenau. The original idea was to create an agricultural colony, but soon it became an industrial colony, the largest textile center of Brazil. Due to the industrial activities, the city also became a trade center of significance. Thanks to an article in the widely read magazine Reader’s Digest, Blumenau gained reputation as an exotic tourist resort. In reaction, the city organized various events, including the famous Oktoberfest, world’s second largest beer festival, after the Fest in Munich, Germany. The tight cultural ties with Germany are clearly visible during this festival. At present, the city hosts a little more than 300 thousand inhabitants.
1939 Brazil maintained neutrality, after the declarations of war of France and England against Germany.
President Vargas declared that Brazil would stay neutral in the conflict in Europe. Three years later, as a reaction upon the destruction of Brazilian vessels by German and Italian war ships, Brazil declared war against both nations.
(Brazilian Day of Habitat). it is only about 4000 years ago, that our primitive ancestors constructed their first dwellings of stone, clay or wood. This evolution accelerated significantly, to the actual skyscrapers (arranha-ceús). Also Brazil has to deal with a structural shortage of houses for its population. The migration from the poor northeastern regions to the richer southeastern and southern regions has resulted in uncontrolled construction of the so-called favelas at the margins of the major cities. It is estimated that at least 6.6 million houses are needed, in order to provide all Brazilians comfortable shelter. This shortage will even increase, now more Brazilians are starting to live alone. The UN-Day of the Habitat is on the first Monday of October.
Dia Nacional do Catecismo
(Catechism). Today is the day of death (1914) and feast day of pope Pius X, a fervent supporter of the study of catechism.
1972 Brazil welcomed the 100 millionth inhabitant.
According to the census of 2010, Brazil counted a little more than 190 million inhabitants.
no dia 21/8/2007 Somos agora no Brasil: 186.942.463 habitantes.
no dia 29/04/2011 Somos agora no Brasil: 190.755.799 habitantes.
2001 Abduction of the daughter of TV presenter Silvio Santos, Patrícia Abravanel (24).
She was abducted at a Tuesday morning, when she was on the way to the university, where she studied Administrative Sciences. Seven days later, she was freed, after the payment of ransom. At present she is a vicar. The leader of the abductors, Fernando Dutra Pinto, then 22 years old, died under natural circumstances, six months later.
ABDUCTION PATRÍCIA ABRAVANEL
O sequestro de Silvio Santos e Patricia Abravanel (2001)
Jornal Nacional – Filha de Silvio Santos Sequestrada
Testemunho Patricia Abravanel sequestro: “Existe sim um Deus”
Silvio Santos fala sobre o fim do sequestro de sua Filha
1989 Death of singer Raul Seixas (1945-1989)
Raul Santos Seixas was born in Salvador. His first encounter with student life as a teenager was quite problematic. He was more interested in rock music, and was expelled from school. At another school, he started to gain interest in literature, but kept on hating school. In order to continue his relationship with Edith, he finished his high school and was admitted to the university. He married Edith. (He was married five times). Raul then created his rock group ‘Raulzito e os Panteras ‘ and quickly gained local fame. They played covers of The Beatles, Little Richard, Elvis Presley, added with some own music. He was advised to move to the southeast, but did not manage to gain more fame with his band. Raul, fluent in English, became an English teacher and started to work as a producer at CBS Records. From 1971, he started to produce his own music, which is characterized by a mix of Tropicalia, Rock ‘n Roll, and surrealistic experimental music. As was the case with many musicians of that time, his music was heavily censored. As a reaction, Raul gave his lyrics double meanings. In 1989, Raul died of a cardiac arrest, due to acute pancreatitis. He is now considered as the ‘Pai do Rock Brasil’, the father of Brazilian rock music. A number of posthumous albums were released, which became successful too. It has become some kind of a habit to shout ‘Toca Raul!’ (Play Raul) at any concert in Brazil.
RAUL SEIXAS NO PROGRAMA DO JÔ SOARES ( A ULTIMA ENTREVISTA)
Raul Seixas – Filme Ritmo Alucinante
Por Toda a Minha Vida – Raul Seixas
Raul Seixas – O início o fim e o meio (Fantástico)
Raul seixas –
O Trem das Sete
Raul seixas –
O Dia Em Que A Terra Parou
21/08/1989 o fim de raul seixas e o velorio
1898 Foundation of rowing club Vasco da Gama.
Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama, that is the official name for the rowing – and later soccer – club in Rio de Janeiro. On August 21, 1898 62 young men from Portuguese lineage gathered to found the rowing club:
“Aos 21 dias do mes de agosto de 1898, as 2:30 horas da tarde, reunidos na sala do predio da Rua da Saude numero 293 os senhores constantes do livro de presencas, assumiu a presidencia o Sr. Gaspar de Castro e depois de convidar para ocuparem as cadeiras de secretarios os senhores Virgilio Carvalho do Amaral como 1o. e Henrique Ferreira como 2o., declarou que a presente reuniao tinha o fito de fundar-se nesta Capital da Republica dos Estados Unidos do Brasil, uma associacao com o titulo de Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama (…)”
As a symbol, a shield was selected with a caravel on it, with a red Maltese cross (in fact a Cruz Patée!) on its white sail, referring to the Portuguese vessels during the era of the discoveries. In 1913, a soccer team arrived from Lisbon, as invited by soccer club Botafogo. A group of Portuguese migrants became inspired to found their own soccer club: Lusitania Sport Club. This club was later linked to Vasco da Gama. Only at the end of 1915, the soccer team played its first match as a club. A few years later, the club was invited to join the state competition. Vasco managed to become national champion in 1974, 1989, 1997 and 2000. Vasco won the Libertadores two times, in 1948, and in 1998. In 1953 and in 1957, Vasco won the World Tournament for Club teams. Famous names are Ademir, Vavá, Bebeto, and Romário. Dutch swimmer and four-time Olympic gold medalist Inge de Bruin was contracted by Vasco in 2000.
Winners of the Libertadores Cup in 1948 (l) and 1998 (r)
(World Hepatitis Day). According to the latest numbers, more Brazilians are contaminated with hepatitis than with HIV. The same data demonstrate that about 70 percent of the population is contaminated with a form of hepatitis virus type A. This virus type is considered as an endemic virus in the country. About fifteen percent of the Brazilian population appears to be contaminated with hepatitis virus type B. Since May 2010, it is agreed that July 28 is the World Hepatitis Day.
WORLD HEPATITIS DAY
World Hepatitis Day 2012
Campanha para o
Dia Mundial das Hepatites 2012
Vacinação contra Hepatite B
Hepatite C: epidemia do século
Hepatite – Episódio 01
Hepatite – Episódio 2 –
Só existe uma forma de você saber
se tem hepatite C: faça o teste
Panorama da Hepatite C no Brasil
Tratamento para Hepatite C
Dia do Agricultor
(Farmer). Despite industrialization and ongoing digitization of Brazil, the agricultural sector still has a significant share in the Brazilian economics. It is expected, however, that this share will decrease gradually, and that a great part of the farmland no longer will be used. According numbers of the CIA World Fact Book, about 20 percent of the Brazilian labor force works in the agricultural sector (14% industries, 66% services, numbers of 2003), contributing for about six percent (122 billion dollars) of the Brazilian GDP (industries 26%, services 68%, 2010). Besides the labor force working as farmers, Brazil still counts more than 100 thousand landless farmers. According to them, the land reforms are far too slow.
1938: Lampião, Maria Bonita, and 11 other gang members killed by the police.
Virgolino Ferreira da Silva, better known as Lampião, joined a gang of bandits, after the murder of his father. Two years later, he became gang leader and was active in the northeastern states for 18 years. In 1929, he met his most faithful follower, who left her husband for him: Maria Bonita. His gang robbed the rich elite, and therefore gave his gang the heroic status among the poor. The government put a prize on his head, they hunted him constantly, but due to insufficient coordination and bribery, the police only managed to confront and kill him and his gang members in Sergipe, in 1938. There also exists another version of the mysterious death of Lampião and his gang: they were poisoned. Their decapitated heads were transferred to Salvador and were exhibited publicly, 20 years long.
Location of the deadly confrontation with the police
Lampião, the legend
Images of Lampião and Maria Bonita
Lampião O Rei do Cangaço  –
Óculos de Lampião – Parte 1
Óculos de Lampião – Parte 2
Óculos de Lampião – Parte 3
Óculos de Lampião – Parte 4
1958 First-time conquest of the FIFA World Cup by Brazil
Sweden, host of the World Cup, was beaten with 5-2 in the final, with two goals of Pelé. Pelé (17 years old) became the youngest player ever to win the world cup. Pelé would win the world cup two more times, in 1962, and in 1970.
FUTEBOL BRASIL X SUECIA FINAL DA COPA DO MUNDO DE 1958 COMPLETO
Copa do Mundo de 1958 – Final Brasil 5 x 2 Suécia – Vídeo em Cores
Copa de 1958 (1/3) –
De Lá Pra Cá – 30/05/2010
Copa de 1958 (3/3) –
De Lá Pra Cá – 30/05/2010
1919 Installation of Epitácio da Silva Pessoa (1865-1942) as President of Brazil.
Epitácio was born in Paraíba, and studied Law in Recife. He was the Brazilian representative, when the Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919. Rodrigues Alves was elected for president in 1918, but he was not able to accept this position due to a severe disease. Delfim Moreira da Costa Ribeiro was his vice-president and he succeeded Alves. New elections were held in 1919, and Epitácio won these elections. He stayed in office until 1922. After his presidency, he became member of the International Court of Justice in The Hague. Epitácio was the uncle of the in 1932 murdered João Pessoa, president of Paraíba.
1860 Creation of the State Secretariat of Agriculture, Commerce, and Public Works.
TheSecretariat of Agriculture was created during the Second Brazilian Empire. In 1892, after the proclamation of the Brazilian republic, the secretariat was transformed to the ministry of Industry, Traffic, and Public Works. In 1909, it was transformed again, into the ministry of Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce. There was another transformation in 1930, when the ministry of Agriculture was formed. In 1992, it was renamed in the ministry of Agriculture, Supply and Agrarian Reform. Only four years later, in 1996, another name change: ministry of Agriculture and Supply. The most recent name change dates back from 2001: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply.
O Programa Agricultura de Baixo Carbono (ABC):
Low-Carbon Agricultural progams
2007 Gold medal for Brazilian men’s volleyball team at Pan American Games.
In the final, Brazil beat USA by 3-0 (25-16, 25-20, 25-22)
In 2011, Brazil won gold again, the fourth gold medal with volleyball (men) at all Pan American Games.
(Troubadour). The word is probably derived from Latin (trobaire: poet). Every troubadour (or minstrel) is a poet, but not every poet is a troubadour. The ‘trova’ is a ballad that consists of four rhyming strophes. The verses were sung around since the Medieval Ages by troubadours or minstrels. In 1950, a cultural movement emerged, that reflected upon the trova: “Trovismo”. This term was invented by poet/ politician J. G. de Araújo Jorge and by poet Gilson de Castro, better known for his pseudonym Luiz Otávio (18 juli 1916-1977). In 1960, their dream became true: The foundation of an official union (União Brasileira de Trovadores) and their work “Os Primeiros Jogos Florais”. Luiz Otávio was honored as the “Prince of the Brazilian “Trovadores”. In 1980, neotrovismo emerged, by the foundation of the “Clube dos Trovadores Capixabas” by poet Clério José Borges: a new boot for Trovismo. At present, more than 3000 trovadores are active in Brazil; their symbol is the rose, their patron saint is St. Francis of Assisi.
Saudade palavra doce que traduz tanto amargor; saudade é como se fosse espinho cheirando a flor…
B- Trovas Filosóficas (philosophic): Thoughts.
Duas vidas todos temos, muitas vezes sem saber: — a vida que nós vivemos, e a que sonhamos viver…
C- Trovas Humorísticas (humoristic): Comedy.
Eu, trabalhar desse jeito, com a força que Deus me deu, pra sustentar um sujeito vagabundo que nem eu ???…
O Menestrel Moacir Reis (Florianópolis)
O Menestrel Moacir Reis
1967 Death of Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (1897-1967), former president of Brazil.
Humberto was a military officer, and was colonel in the Brazilian Expeditionary Force that battled in Italy during the Second World War. We was appointed as chief of the army staff by president Goulart. He was one of the coup members that ousted the same Goulart in 1964. Two weeks after the coup, Humberto was sworn in as the new president. During his mandate until March 1967, all leftist parties became dismantled. The Brazilian airline company Panair (part of Panam at that time) had to end the activities, and Varig took the position of national airline carrier. Shortly after his resignation as president, he was killed in a plane crash in Fortaleza. It remains unclear whether this plane crash was an accident or not.
1841 Coronation of D. Pedro II as emperor of Brazil.
Pedro de Alcântara João Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocádio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Bragança e Habsburgo, is the complete name of Dom Pedro II (1825-1891). In 1831, his father, Dom Pedro I, abdicated, after fierce protests of the Brazilians against his inability to govern Brazil and against his participation in the Portuguese Civil War (Pedro was king Pedro IV in Portugal). Following his abdication, Pedro’s daughter Maria ascended the Portuguese throne at the age of fifteen. At that time, little Pedro was only five. Regents governed Brazil until 1840, when the Brazilian parliament judged 14-year old Pedro old enough to govern Brazil. This motto was ‘União e Indústria, “Union and Industry”. He guided Brazil into the industrialist period. Pedro II governed no less than 58 years, until the military coup in 1889. Two years later, he died in Paris, where he lived in exile. His body was later transferred to Brazil, and he now is buried in Petrópolis.
1821 Annexation of Banda Oriental (future Uruguay) by the Portuguese.
Banda Oriental was added as the province Cisplatina to the Brazilian colony. The Uruguayans battled for their independence for 19 years. In 1811, Southern American Liberation Wars were in full progress, the Uruguayan hero José Gervasio Artigas (1764-1850) battled together with the Argentinians against the Spanish rulers and defeated them. José returned to Uruguay (then called Banda Oriental, after the eastern margin of the Uruguay River), where he started the siege of Montevideo. The Portuguese, in turn, invaded Banda Oriental, but the city was spared. Artigas became leader of the people of Banda Oriental, that joined the Federation of River Plate (future Argentina). The Portuguese invaded, secretly agreed by Argentina, Banda Oriental in 1816. Artigas lost the battle against the Portuguese, and exiled himself to Paraguay. Following the annexation in 1821, revolutions broke out, until the nation declared itself independent in 1825. Together with Argentina, the young independent country Brazil fought a 500-day war, until the ratification of a treaty in 1828, confirming the independence of Uruguay.
source The country was almost completely deserted
for a short time, because of the fights.
Independence process of Uruguay
1971 Final match of Pelé in Brazilian Team.
At the age of 16, Pelé entered the Brazilian national team. In the match against Argentina, Pelé scored, but Brazil lost 1-2. At the age of 17, Pelé won his first World Cup. He participated in four world cups (1958-1962-1966-1970), but did not win in 1966. His ultimate match in Maracanã was witnessed by almost 140 thousand spectators. They pleaded him to stay. Pelé was very nervous before this match, and did not score. He was very emotional when he was substituted. Pele played 115 times for the national team and scored 95 times. Obviously, he did not win the Copa América. His ultimate match as professional was in 1977, during a match between New York Cosmos and Santos.
‘Pelé was considering to continue in the second half’
1892 Creation of a Bacteriological Laboratory in the state of São Paulo, by Lei nº 43.
The Instituto Bacteriológico e o Laboratório de Análises Químicas e Bromatológicas was the precursor of the renown Butantan Institute. French scientist Félix le Dantec was the first director. After six months, he was succeeded by Brazilian scientist Adolfo Lutz. Theinstitutemanaged to control epidemics of cholera, yellow fever and bubonic plague. The Butantan Institute was created in 1901.
BUTANTÃ (BUTANTAN) INSTITUTE
TVendo e Aprendendo:
Instituto Butantan Part 1
Instituto Butantan Part 2
Instituto Butantan Part 3
Instituto Butantan Part 4
Instituto Butantan Part 5
Instituto Butantan Part 6
1959 First appearance of the dog Bidu as a comic in the jornal ‘Folha de São Paulo.
The dog, inspired upon a schnauzer, was created by cartoonist Maurício de Souza. The cartoonist later became famous with his creation of ‘Turma da Monica’.
copyright: Maurício de Souza
1987 Death of Gilberto Freyre (1900), sociólogist, anthropologist, historian, writer, painter, and politician.
Gilberto is widely known for his anthropological studies of races and cultures in Brazil. His best known work is ‘Casa Grande & Senzala’ (The Masters and the Slaves), about the black heritage in Brazil.
De Lá Pra Cá 1
De Lá Pra Cá 2
De Lá Pra Cá 3
De Lá Pra Cá 4
Caminho Gilberto Freyre 1
Caminho Gilberto Freyre 2
Caminho Gilberto Freyre 3
Caminho Gilberto Freyre 4
1913 Introduction of four time zones in Brazil, by law.
From east to west, Brazil measures more than 4300 kilometers. In 1884, it was decided, after a meeting of 24 countries, to introduce time zones. The time zones divided the states of Pará and Amazonas in two time zones. In 2008, these divisions disappeared, following slight adaptation of the time zones. Since 1931, Brazil has summer time from October to February. Also in 2008, it was decided that the southern Brazilian states will have a summer time from the third Sunday in October until the third Sunday in February. In 2011, Bahia joined this group of states.
The left map shows the initial time zones. In 2008, the times zones were adapted, the zones within the states of Amazonas and Pará disappeared. The right map shows the states with summer time (darker color)
1841 Luís Alves de Lima e Silva promoted to Brigade General and awarded the title of Baron of Caxias.
Luís received the title because of this peaceful approach to bring Maranhão back under central control.
1824 Arrival of the first 39 German migrants in Porto Alegre (RS).
This group of German colonists arrived as a result of an imperial program to colonize Southern Brazil. They arrived in the then called Province of São Pedro, and continued their travel to São Leopoldo, where they arrived on July 25.
1847 Death of Bento Gonçalves (Leader of the Farrapos Revolution).
Bento was born in Triunfo (RS) in 1788. He is considered as one of the most important people in the history of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Bento, together with Antônio de Souza Neto and Italian freedom fighter Giuseppe Garibaldi, fought in independence war (1835-1845) against the Brazilian Empire. The revolutionaries (farrapos or raggamuffins) were defeated, and peace was offered by Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva, general of the imperial army (see above). In return, the farrapos chose Luiz as their state president.
1969 Safe of Adhemar de Barros, governor of São Paulo, robbed by rebels of VAR-Palmares.
The money – now worth about 15 million euros – was the so-called ‘caixinha’ of the corrupt activities of the ex-governor. Planning of the robbery was worked out in deep detail, and participated by 13. Dilma was linked to this rebel group. The money was transferred to a Swiss bank account, and was used for financing movements against the dictatorship. See also the articles of IstoÉand brasil247.