Dia do Feirante
(Market trader). In 1914, a law was introduced, that markets were allowed, under the control of the city council. In 1934, ware other than food was allowed to be sold at the markets. There were strict conditions about the hygiene and the behavior of the market trader. In 1948, it was determined, (for example in São Paulo) that markets could be held from Tuesday to Sunday, from six in the morning until noon, and that everything must be clean at 3 PM, and that traffic may return in that street. It is understandable that locals are not always that happy to have market traders in front of their doors.
|Especial Dia do Feirante
||Dia do feirante
|Documentário – Vida de Feirante
||Vida de Feirante
Dia do Exército Brasileiro e do Soldado
(Brazilian army and soldier). This day is a homage to the Duke of Caxias, Luís Alves de Lima e Silva (1803-1880), who was born on this day. The Duke of Caxias is the patron of the Brazilian army. On August 25 1923, this day was introduced; in 1962, the duke was elected to be patron of the army. Motto of the Brazilian army is :
‘Braço forte, mão amiga”.
A strong arm, a helping hand.
|ORDEM DO DIA DO SOLDADO
||Dia do Soldado 2012
|National Monument of WW II, Rio de Janeiro
||Transposition of the São Francisco River
|Guerreiros Brasileiros – Forças Armadas do Brasil
||Brazilian army (FEB) in Italy
|Guerreiros do Brasil – Jornal da record 10/08/09
||Guerreiros do Brasil – Jornal da record 11/08/09
|Guerreiros do Brasil – Jornal da record 12/08/09
||Guerreiros do Brasil – Jornal da record 13/08/09
|Guerreiros do Brasil – Jornal da record 14/08/09
||Guerreiros do Brasil – Jornal da record 15/08/09
Birth of Luís Alves de Lima e Silva (1803-1880), Duque de Caxias.
The duke has gained the nickname “O pacificador”, the peacemaker. He was responsible for the repression of the revolts in the states of Maranhão, Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais, and São Paulo, The duke reorganized the army, governed some sates (províncias at that time), and was three times prime minister of Brazil. But the army was his passion. Even at a respectable age, he commanded the army, like he did in Paraguay. He died at his fazenda in Rio de Janeiro.
DUQUE DE CAXIAS
|Duque de Caxias – Série “Construtores do Brasil” – TV Câmara
Arrival of Dom Pedro, the Portuguese crown prince, in São Paulo.
The crown prince would declare independence of Brazil on September 7.
President Jânio Quadros (1917-1992) resigned.
Jânio studied law and was teacher of Portuguese literature, when he was elected as the successor of Juscelino Kubitschek. On January 1961, Jãnio was installed as 17th president of the Brazilian Republic. He had to deal with the powerful governor of the state of Guanabara (later this state with Rio de Janeiro), who was a fierce opponent of Vargas and Kubitschek. Vargas committed suicide, the popular Kubitschek was not re-elected. Jânio could no longer withstand the pressure of governor Lacerda, and resigned. One day before, Lacerda stated that he was not about to put aside Jânio, and accused the minister of Justice of participating a conspiracy, which could have resulted in a coup. Following his resignation, Jãnio resumed teaching. At the time of the military dictatorship, he was put in prison for a short time, and he was blocked for political activities. Due to his weak health status, Jânio was not able to become presidential candidate in 1989. He suffered three CVAs, before he, totally paralyzed, died in 1992.
|O Governo Jânio Quadros (1961)
||50 ANOS DA POSSE DE JANIO QUADROS
|Renúncia de Jânio Quadros (1/2) – De Lá Pra Cá – 20/02/2011
||Renúncia de Jânio Quadros (2/2) – De Lá Pra Cá – 20/02/2011
|Cultura Retrô – Jânio Quadros – 02/02/2012
||Jânio Quadros (1986), after his election as mayor of São Paulo.
Installation of Ranieri Mazzilli as president of Brazil.
Year 1961 was a year of many presidents: In order of appearance that year: Kubitschek, Quadros, Mazzilli, and Goulart. The power vacuum that Jãnio left behind after his resignation, should have been filled by his vice-president, João Goulart, nicknamed ‘Jango’. However, Jango was not in Brazil at that time; he was on a business trip in China. Ranieri Mazzilli, chairman of the parliament, was appointed as the temporary successor of Jãnio. Meanwhile, the ministers of War, Air Force, and Navy created an informally military junta, who – in vain – tried to block Goulart to be installed as president. There was an agreement: Mazzilli would hand over the presidency to Jango, fourteen days later. Three years later, Mazzilli was president again, for another fourteen days, following the military coup that had put aside Goulart. Marshall Castelo Branco was then his successor. Mazzilli would suffer difficulties to continue his political career, when the military leaders blocked his candidacy to become chairman of the parliament again.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015