Brazilian Days 312
Dia do Radiologista
(Radiologist). On 8 November 1895, X-rays were discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen.
Dia Mundial do Urbanismo
(World Town Planning Day). The international organization for World Town Planning Day was founded in 1949 by Carlos Maria della Paolera, from Buenos Aires (Argentina). His interest was to advance public and professional interest in planning. At present the WTPD is celebrated in about thirty countries. In Brazil, the day is established per decree (Decreto Nº 91.900) of 8 November 1985.
Death of Brazilian scientist Carlos Chagas (1879-1934) .
Carlos Ribeiro Justiniano Chagas was born on 9 July 1879 in Oliveira (MG). He attended school in São João del Rei and Ouro Preto, before he started to study medicine in Rio de Janeiro, where he graduated in 1903. Two years later, he was contracted by physician Oswaldo Cruz in order to help to eradicate a malaria epidemic in the interior of the state of São Paulo. Carlos then returned to Rio de Janeiro where he started his life-time career at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute. In 1909, he was sent to a small city in the Amazon Region, where he tried to combat a malaria outbreak. Carlos discovered that a so-called assassin bug was responsible for a thus far unknown disease. The bug’s intestines contained protozoa, which he named after Oswaldo Cruz: Trypanosoma cruzi. For this discovery and his description of the disease, Carlos was nominated two times for the Nobel Prize, in 1913 and in 1921, but did not win this prestigious prize. Following Oswaldo Cruz’ death in 1917, Carlos became director of the Institute, until his death in 1934.
|Carlos Chagas – 130 anos – De Lá Pra Cá – 31/08/2009
Birth of José Bonifácio, patriarch of the Brazilian independence.
|José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva – Série “Construtores do Brasil” – TV Câmara
|José Bonifacio – O arquiteto de uma nação (preview)
Start of the mobile phone system in Brazil
Installation of Carlos Coimbra Luz as president of Brazil
CARLOS COIMBRA LUZ
|Presidente Carlos Luz
Birth of Evaristo Pereira da Veiga e Barros, text writer of the Brazilian Independence Hymn.
Execution of four leaders of the “Conjuração Baiana”, the Bahian Conspiration.
Guiana is given back to France
Battle of Pirajá: first Brazilian victory against the Portuguese.
Mutiny of soldiers of Fortress Santa Cruz (Rio de Janeiro)
They revolted against maltreatment.One major, one lieutenant and one sergeant were killed.
Installation of the Sistema de Discagem Direta à Distância (DDD system) between Porto Alegre and São Paulo.
Estatute da Microempresa (Small Business Act) approved by Brazilian National Congress.
The Estatuto da Microempresa would benefit small businesses with up to ten employees.
First Southern American pediatric heart transplant, in Brazil.
Karina Dal Rovere underwent the transplantation at the age of seven.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015