Dia do Paraquedista
(Parachutist). On 22 October 1797, Frenchman André-Jacques Garnerin (1769-1823) made the first successful parachute jump, from a balloon at an altitude of 670 meters, in Paris. The balloon was constructed according to a model of Leonardo da Vinci. In London, he jumped from an altitude of 2400 meters.
|Feliz Dia Do Paraquedista!
||Programa Expressão – Dia Do Paraquedista
Bold Garnerin went up
Which increased his Repute
And came safe to earth
In his Grand Parachute.
Dia da Praça
(Square). The day is listed in any calendar, but little attention is paid to this event.
Dia do Radioamador
(Radio amateur). Until 1968, 22 October was the Brazilian Day of the Radio Amateur. this day was to commemorate the foundation of Liga de Amadores Brasileiros de Rádio Emissão (LABRE; Brazilian Radio Amateurs League) in 1934. From 1968, the day was moved to 5 November, to commemorate the publication of Decree 16,657, which regulated the stations of existing radio amateurs in Brazil, which were considered to be illegal until then. The International Radio Amateur Day is on 18 April, the foundation day of the IARU: International Amateur Radio Union (1925).
Dia Internacional de Atenção à Gagueira
(International Stuttering Awareness Day). This day was introduced in 1998, by the International Stuttering Association. Millions of people worldwide have speech disorder or stuttering. It is estimated that about ten million Brazilians have to deal with some form of stuttering in lifetime. Of them, about two million suffer a chronic form of stuttering (which can last months or years).
Themes for 2012 are:
Tenho muito a dizer
A Voice and Something to Say
|Stammering and International Stuttering Awareness Day (ISAD)
||DIA MUNDIAL DE ATENÇÃO À GAGUEIRA
Death of playwright, poet, journalist and writer Artur de Azevedo (1855-1908)
Artur was born on 7 July 1855 in São Luís, capital of the state of Maranhão. At young age, Artur showed interest for theater, and already in 1872, he published his first theater piece: Amor por Anexins. He was fired when he published satirical work directed against the government. Artur moved to Rio de Janeiro, to work there as an amanuensis. He also became Portuguese teacher and started his journalist career as a theater critic. Artur wrote numerous articles, mainly about theater. His theater pieces ‘Véspera de Reis‘ and ‘A Capital Federal‘. He was the older brother of writer Aluísio Azevedo. They both were members of the Brazilian Academy of Literature (29th and 4th seat, respectively).
|AUDIOLIVRO: Contos diversos de Artur Azevedo
||AUDIOLIVRO: “Amor por anexins”, de Artur de Azevedo
|Artur de Azevedo – Como o Diabo as arma (audiobook).
||Artur de Azevedo – A filosofia do Mendes (audiobook).
Death of journalist and poet Oswald de Andrade (1890-1954)
José Oswald de Andrade Souza was born on 11 January 1890 in São Paulo. At early age, Oswald became fascinated with the new technological advances, such as the radio, the cinema, the electrical tram. In 1912, he made his first of various travels to Europe. Oswald was one of the founders of Brazilian Modernism, In 1922, he participated in the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of Modern Art) which marked the start of Modernism in Brazil. Oswald is widely known for his criticisms of Brazilian nationalism. His manifest ‘Manifesto Antrópofago‘ (1928) criticizes Brazilian cannibalism of other cultures, as a way for Brazil to assert itself against European post-colonial cultural domination. ‘Tupi or not Tupi, that is the question’ (referring to the cannibalist Tupi indian tribe), has become an iconic line.
OSWALD DE ANDRADE
|Oswald de Andrade – Completo.
||Oswald de Andrade
|Semana de Arte Moderna
||SALA DE LEITURA – Manifesto Antropófago – Oswald de Andrade
Secret agreement that allowed the move of the Portuguese Crown to Brazil.
Start of the Contestado War (1912-1916)
The Guerra do Contestado occurred in the southern states of Santa Catarina and Paraná, between settler and land owners. The latter were backed by governmental forces. Construction of a railroad from São Paulo to .Rio Grande de Sul generated disputes about the ownership of the margins along the railroad. When the construction was ended, railroad workers became jobless, whereas the land flanking the railroad was claimed by the railroad company. Social unrest and rebellion followed, in an area that was disputed by the states of Santa Catarina and Paraná. Government troops were sent to suppress the rebellion, but they met fierce resistance. As a result, there were bloody confrontations, with the rebels gaining some terrain. The Federal Government sent General Setembrino de Carvalho to pacify the region at any cost. Complete villages were destroyed, the rebellions were slaughtered. Only in August 1916, with the capture of the rebellion leader, Adeodato, the war was ended. As a result, an agreement was reached about the border between the two southern states.
|Guerra do Contestado I
||Guerra do Contestado II
|Historia do Brasil – Guerra do Contestado ( Sobreviventes ) PART 1
||Historia do Brasil – Guerra do Contestado ( Sobreviventes ) PART 2
|Guerra do Contestado – Programa “Meu Paraná” – RPC
||Guerra do contestado
|A Guerra dos Pelados (Guerra do Contestado)
||O Contestado – Restos Mortais
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015