Dia do Artista Lírico
(Opera singer, musical singer).
“A voz humana é o mais belo de todos os instrumentos, porém é o mais difícil de se tocar!”
The human voice is the most beautiful instrument of all, but it is the most difficult to play.
(Richard Strauss, 1864-1949).
Dia Nacional do Diabético
(Diabetes). The UN World Diabetes Day is on November 14. Diabetes, which is considered as a lifestyle disease, is a chronic disease, which is characterized by the insufficient production of insulin. This deficiency results in the rise of blood sugar levels, and may cause significant damage to the blood vessels and nerves. Two types are generally known: Type 1 (juvenile diabetes) and type 2 (onset diabetes). A third type is gestational diabetes. Numbers from the WHO indicate that diabetes is not a life style disease, since more than eighty percent of diabetes patients live in middle and low-income countries. About five percent of all deaths worldwide are thought to be related to diabetes. It is expected that the number of deaths will double within ten years, if no adequate action will be undertaken. It is estimated that there are 285 million diabetes patients worldwide, almost 1,5 times the size of the entire Brazilian population. This number is about to double within 25 years.
Dia Nacional do Progresso
(Progress). ‘Ordem e Progresso’. Order and Progress, the motto of the Federative Republic of Brazil. The political lemma is derived from the French positivist philosopher Auguste Comte (1798-1857):
L’amour pour principe et l’ordre pour base; le progrès pour but.
O Amor por Princípio e a Ordem por base; o Progresso por fim.
Love as a principle and order as the basis; Progress as the goal.
Dia Nacional do Vôlei
(Volleyball). Volleyball is a relatively young sport in Brazil, but already with many international titles. The Brazilian volleyball teams are now found at the podium of almost every tournament. Bernardo Rocha de Rezende, better known as Bernardinho, manager of the Brazilian volleyball men, has won many international prizes with both men’s and women’s teams, and may consider himself as a beloved Brazilian celebrity.
Nuclear agreement between Brazil and West-Germany.
In 1970, the construction of the first nuclear reactor in Brazil was started: Angra I, which became operational in 1984 only. Brazil also received aid from the United States. Brazil had more nuclear ambitions, and signed – despite international protests – a treaty with West-Germany for the construction of eight reactors, a commercial uranium enrichment facility, and various other nuclear facilities. The treaty was controversial, since Brazil hadn’t signed the non-proliferation protocol. Due to international pressure and financial problems the plans were reduced to the realization of Angra II and the start of the construction of Angra III.
Birth of writer, physician and diplomat João Guimarães Rosa (1908-1967).
João was born in Codisburgo (MG). At the age of 7, he started to study French on his own. Few years later, he was taught Dutch and French by a Dutch father, Frei Canísio Zoetmulder. He was able to study many more languages:
“Eu falo: português, alemão, francês, inglês, espanhol, italiano, esperanto, um pouco de russo; leio: sueco, holandês, latim e grego (mas com o dicionário agarrado); entendo alguns dialetos alemães; estudei a gramática: do húngaro, do árabe, do sânscrito, do lituano, do polonês, do tupi, do hebraico, do japonês, do checo, do finlandês, do dinamarquês; bisbilhotei um pouco a respeito de outras. Mas tudo mal. E acho que estudar o espírito e o mecanismo de outras línguas ajuda muito à compreensão mais profunda do idioma nacional. Principalmente, porém, estudando-se por divertimento, gosto e distração. “
At the age of only 16, João started to study Medicine. He already wrote his first prose, when he was a student. He started his profession in a small city near Belo Horizonte. In 1938, João became vice-consul in Hamburg (Germany). During the war, he faced death various times, but managed to survive. Superstition and mysticism had big influences in his life. When Brazil declared war to Germany, João was imprisoned. He met there the artist Cícero Dias, from Pernambuco. He was exchanged for German diplomats and went to Bogota. He worked as a diplomat, but also made an excursion in the state of Mato Grosso, in 1951. He studied the harsh life in the savannas. His principal works are Corpo do Baile (1956) and Grande Sertao: Veredas (1956). He finally was accepted by the Brazilian Academy of Literature in 1967, and died a few days thereafter, at the age of 59. In his year of death, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize.
“Quando escrevo, repito o que já vivi antes.
E para estas duas vidas, um léxico só não é suficiente.
Em outras palavras, gostaria de ser um crocodilo
vivendo no rio São Francisco. Gostaria de ser
um crocodilo porque amo os grandes rios,
pois são profundos como a alma de um homem.
Na superfície são muito vivazes e claros,
mas nas profundezas são tranqüilos e escuros
como o sofrimento dos homens.”
|Masters of Literature – Guimarães Rosa 1
||Masters of Literature – Guimarães Rosa 2
|Masters of Literature – Guimarães Rosa 3
||O Sertão – Following the steps of Guimarães Rosa
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015